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University Bulletin
Undergraduate Degree Programs

These course descriptions are not being updated as of August 1, 2016. Current course descriptions are maintained in LionPATH.

BIOL 421 (VB SC 421) Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates (4) The comparative anatomy of representative vertebrate animals discussed from a descriptive and an evolutionary viewpoint.

BIOL (VB SC) 421 Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates (4)

Upon completion of this course, students will understand the fundamentals of vertebrate anatomy and be able to employ comparisons between phylogenetically distinct vertebrate species to illustrate evolutionary adaptations and the relationship between structure and function. Unique adaptations such as those of ruminants and birds will be explored in addition to the more common fish, amphibians and mono-gastric mammals typically used to illustrate these principles. Laboratory activities utilizing specimens representative of higher and lower vertebrate species will emphasize structure identification and functional adaptations. Students will be evaluated by means of laboratory examinations which will focus on structure identification. Attendance in laboratory is mandatory and laboratory exercises to be completed at each laboratory period will be graded. Students that miss laboratory session due to an excused absence should arrange a make up assignment with the instructor. Unannounced quizzes will be presented in either lecture or laboratory sessions. Three lecture examinations and a comprehensive final examination will be given.


General Education: None
Diversity: None
Bachelor of Arts: None
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: BIOL 240W

Note : Class size, frequency of offering, and evaluation methods will vary by location and instructor. For these details check the specific course syllabus.

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