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University Bulletin

Undergraduate Degree Programs

Geosciences (GEOSC)

GEOSC 001 Physical Geology (3) Earth processes and their effects on the materials, structure, and morphology of the earth's crust. Practicum includes field work, study of rocks, minerals, dynamic models, and topographic maps. (This course includes from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation.)
This course contains from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation. Effective: Fall 1983
 

GEOSC 002 (GN) Historical Geology (3) History of the earth and its life; fundamentals of evolution, correlation, and paleogeography; practicum includes field trips, study of geologic maps, geologic problems, and fossils, with emphasis on Appalachian geology. (This course includes from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation.)
This course contains from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation. Effective: Summer 1995
 

GEOSC 010 (GN) Geology of the National Parks (3) Introduction to geology, geological change, and environmental hazards, as seen in the National Parks.
Effective: Fall 2003
 

GEOSC 020 (GN) Planet Earth (3) Nontechnical presentation of earth processes, materials, and landscape. Practicum includes field trips, study of maps, rocks, and dynamic models, introduction to geologic experimentation. (This course includes from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation.)
This course contains from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation. Effective: Fall 2003
 

GEOSC 020L (GN) Planet Earth (3) Nontechnical presentation of earth processes, materials, and landscape. Practicum includes field trips, study of maps, rocks, and dynamic models, introduction to geologic experimentation. (This course includes from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation.)
Effective: Summer 1988
 

GEOSC 021 (GN) Earth and Life: Origin and Evolution (3) Introduction to the origin and evolution of life on Earth from the perspective of geologic time and the fossil record.
This course contains from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation. Effective: Spring 2002
 

GEOSC 030 (GN) Volcanoes (3) Basic concepts in Volcanology and Geosciences are explored through a series of virtual field trips to historic eruptions.
Effective: Summer 2014
 

GEOSC 040 (GN) The Sea Around Us (3) Introduction to marine sciences and the world ocean, including physical, chemical, biological, and geological aspects of oceanography.
Effective: Fall 2003
 

GEOSC 040L (GN) The Sea Around Us (2) Introduction to marine sciences and the world ocean, including physical, chemical, biological, and geological aspects of oceanography.
Effective: Summer 2009
 

GEOSC 040P (GN) The Sea Around Us (1) Introduction to marine sciences and the world ocean, including physical, chemical, biological, and geological aspects of oceanography.
Effective: Spring 2009
 

GEOSC 071 Physical Geology for Engineers (3) Principles of physical geology, with emphasis on the engineering point of view; practicum includes field work, study of rocks, minerals, dynamic models, and topographic maps. (This course includes from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation.)
This course contains from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation. Effective: Summer 2007
Prerequisite: CHEM 110  

GEOSC 097 Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1992
 

GEOSC 109H (GN) Earthquakes and Society (3) Introduction to earthquakes and seismology, and their relationship to society, including monitoring for nuclear weapons and seismic hazards.
Effective: Spring 2007
 

GEOSC 110H (GN) The Science of Gemstones (3) An exploration of the geological uses of gems and of the physical and chemical properties underlying their brilliance and color.
Effective: Summer 2002
Prerequisite: high school chemistry and trigonometry  

GEOSC 111 (GN) Forensic Geoscience (3) Covers fundamental geoscience concepts such as stratigraphy, mineral and soil identification, seismology, and geochemistry within the context of forensic investigation.
Effective: Spring 2008
 

GEOSC 197 Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1992
 

GEOSC 201 Earth Materials (4) Elements of crystallography and crystal chemistry; origin, occurrence, and identification of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks and their minerals. This course has one or more required field trips for which a fee is charged to the student.
Effective: Summer 2007
Prerequisite: CHEM 110 third-semester standing. Prerequisite or concurrent:GEOSC 001 orGEOSC 020  

GEOSC 202 Chemical Processes in Geology (4) An in-depth examination of the application of chemical principles to geological processes.
Effective: Summer 2007
Prerequisite: GEOSC 001, MATH 140 third-semester standing. Prerequisite or concurrent:CHEM 113  

GEOSC 203 Physical Processes in Geology (4) An in-depth examination of various physical processes that operate within and at the surface of the earth.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: GEOSC 001 or permission of program. Prerequisiste or concurrent:PHYS 211, MATH 140  

GEOSC 204 Geobiology (4) An introduction to how biological processes and materials are used to solve geological problems.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: BIOL 110;GEOSC 001 orGEOSC 020  

GEOSC 228 Dinosaurs (3) Dinosaurs and other large Mesozoic reptiles; their morphology, stratigraphic and paleoenvironmental distribution, preservation, collecting, classification, lifestyles, origins, evolution, and extinction.
Effective: Summer 1995
 

GEOSC 296 Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projcts, including research and design, which are suprvised on an individual basis and which fall ouside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983
 

GEOSC 297 Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983
 

GEOSC 297A Earthquake Information Project (2) Course will focus on earthquake behavior and tectonic structure for major plate boundary zones.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015 Future: Spring 2015
 

GEOSC 297D Introductory Field Geology in Italy (3) This program will consist of two courses that aim to develop basic field geology skills while assembling a broad range of observations that will lead to an integrated understanding the origin and evolution of the Northern Appennines mountains.
Effective: Summer 2015 Ending: Summer 2015 Future: Summer 2015
Prerequisite: GEOSC 001, GEOSC 020, GEOSC 010, GEOSC 040, EARTH 002, EARTH 101 orEARTH 100  

GEOSC 303 Introduction to Environmental Geology (3) Origin of earth and earth materials; natural resources, geologic barriers and hazards, and relationships to human use of the environment. (This course includes from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation.)
This course contains from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation. Effective: Fall 1983
 

GEOSC 310 Earth History (4) The principles of stratigraphy and paleontology and their use, in combination with plate tectonics, in reconstructing the earth's history. This course has one or more required field trips for which a fee is charged to the student.
Effective: Spring 2002
Prerequisite: GEOSC 201  

GEOSC 320 Geology of Climate Change (3) Geologic evidence for climate change and mechanisms of change, especially from the Ice Age through the near future.
Effective: Spring 2001
 

GEOSC 340 Geomorphology (3) Physical and chemical processes operating at the earth's surface and their resulting landforms. This course has one or more required field trips for which a fee is charged to the student.
Effective: Spring 2002
Prerequisite: GEOSC 001 ; fifth-semester standing  

GEOSC 397 Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1992
 

GEOSC 397D The Tectonic Evolution of Italy (3) This program will consist of two courses that aim to develop basic field geology skills while assembling a broad range of observations that will lead to an integrated understanding the origin and evolution of the Northern Appennies mountains.
Effective: Summer 2015 Ending: Summer 2015 Future: Summer 2015
Prerequisite: GEOSC 297D  

GEOSC 402Y (IL) Natural Disasters (3) Case studies of the causes and consequences of natural disasters; analysis of disaster impact in different economic, cultural, and social conditions.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: fourth-semester standing  

GEOSC 405 (SOILS 405) Hydropedology (3) Soil and water interactions across scales, integrated studies of landscape- soil-water relationships, fundamental processes of water flow and chemical transport.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: SOILS 101  

GEOSC 409W Geomicrobiology (3) Investigation of modern and ancient microbial interactions with soils, sediments, the atmosphere, minerals, rocks, nutrients, and pollutants.
Effective: Summer 2008
Prerequisite: CHEM 112;GEOSC 001, GEOSC 020, GEOSC 040, EARTH 002, BIOL 110 orMICRB 201  

GEOSC 410 Marine Biogeochemistry (3) Exploration of the ways in which life influences and is influenced by chemical, physical, and geological processes in the ocean.
Effective: Summer 2012
Prerequisite: CHEM 112;EARTH 002 orGEOSC 001, GEOSC 020, GEOSC 040  

GEOSC 412 Water Resources Geochemistry (3) Aqueous geochemistry of silica, alumina, carbonate minerals, and selected metals; organic species in water; isotope geochemistry applied to water.
Effective: Summer 2007
Prerequisite: CHEM 110, CHEM 112  

GEOSC 413W Techniques in Environmental Geochemistry (3) This course teaches techniques needed for the collection, chemical analysis, and data analysis of environmental geochemical measurements. This course has one or more required field trips for which a fee is charged to the student.
Effective: Spring 2002
Prerequisite: one of the following:C E 475, CHEM 402, GEOSC 202, GEOSC 412, SOILS 419  

GEOSC 415 Geochemistry (3) Element abundance and genesis, application of chemical principles to earth materials, element fractionation in geologic processes.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: CHEM 112, GEOSC 201  

GEOSC 416 Stable and Radioactive Isotopes in Geosciences: Introduction (3) Discussions on theories for natural isotopic and element variations and their applications to the solution of geologic and cosmologic problems.
Effective: Summer 2007
Prerequisite: CHEM 110, CHEM 112, CHEM 111, CHEM 113;GEOSC 001 orGEOSC 020  

GEOSC 418 (SOILS 419) Soil Environmental Chemistry (3) Introduction to chemical constituents and processes occurring in soils. Topics include mineral weathering, soil solution chemistry and adsorption of solutes.
Effective: Summer 2007
Prerequisite: CHEM 112, SOILS 101  

GEOSC 419 The Organic Geochemistry of Natural Waters and Sediments (3) Composition, sources, and fates of particulate and dissolved organic matter in natural environments; biogeochemical processes; organic geochemistry of anthropogenic contaminants.
Effective: Summer 2007
Prerequisite: CHEM 110, CHEM 112  

GEOSC 420 (BIOL 420) Paleobotany (3) Classification, morphology, phylogeny, and stratigraphic occurrence of fossil plants; practicum includes field trips and study of paleobotanical techniques and specimens.
Effective: Spring 2005
Prerequisite: any 3-credit introductory course in historical geology or plant biology  

GEOSC 422 Vertebrate Paleontology (3) Course covers scientific thinking and skills in scientific writing, the history of vertebrates, and modern evolutionary theory applied to vertebrates.
This course contains from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation. Effective: Spring 2009
Prerequisite: GEOSC 001 andBIOL 110  

GEOSC 424 Paleontology and Fossils (3) Concepts and precedures using fossils to solve problems in systematics, evolution, biostratigraphy, correlation, sedimentation, paleoecology, and global change.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: GEOSC 001 orGEOSC 020  

GEOSC 428 Micropaleontology (4) Biology and ecology of microfaunas and microfloras (e.g., foraminifera, coccolithophores, radiolaria, diatoms, dinoflagellates) and applications in biostratigraphy and paleoenvironmental reconstruction.
Effective: Summer 2004
Prerequisite: GEOSC 204  

GEOSC 434 Volcanology (3) Phenomena and products of volcanic eruptions; physical characteristics of lava and pyroclastic material.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: GEOSC 201  

GEOSC 439 Principles of Stratigraphy (3) An introduction to the description and genesis of sedimentary rock bodies, the determination of their stratal geometries, and their correlation. (This course includes from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation.)
This course contains from one to several field trips for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation. Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: GEOSC 201  

GEOSC 440 Marine Geology (3) Chemical and physical processes affecting the topography and sediments of the sea floor.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: fourth-semester standing  

GEOSC 444 Matlab Applications for Geoscience (2) An introduction to Matlab: m-file development, descriptive statistics, bootstrapping, Fourier transforms, regression, interpolation, least-squares, differentiation, integration, differential equations, signal analysis, graphics.
Effective: Spring 2009
Prerequisite: MATH 110 orMATH 140  

GEOSC 450 Risk Analysis in the Earth Sciences (3) An introduction to concepts and methods of quantitative risk anlaysis with focus on water, climate, and energy related risks.
Effective: Spring 2010
Prerequisite: MATH 140 orMATH 110 Introductory Earth Science or Geoscience class Introductory Statistics class (e.g. STATS 200 or STATS 301 or ENNEC 473) or permission of program  

GEOSC 451 Natural Resources: Origins, Economics and Environmental Impact (3) Geologic, economic and environmental issues related to exploitation of non-renewable natural resources (metals, minerals, rocks, and fossil fuels).
Effective: Fall 2006
Prerequisite: GEOSC 001 orGEOSC 020  

GEOSC 452 Hydrogeology (3) Hydrologic cycle: occurrence, movement, quality, and quantity of groundwater; solute transport; quantitative hydrogeologic methods; role of water in geologic processes. This course has one or more required field trips for which a fee may be charged to the student.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CHEM 112;GEOSC 001, GEOSC 020 orGEOSC 071;MATH 140 orMATH 110  

GEOSC 454 Geology of Oil and Gas (3) Properties, origin, migration, and occurrence of oil and gas. This course has one or more required field trips for which a fee is charged to the student.
Effective: Spring 2002
Prerequisite: GEOSC 001  

GEOSC 461 Geology of North America (3) Evolution of structural-stratigraphic framework of continent; interpretation of relevant data obtained from field, experimental, and geophysical observation.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: GEOSC 001, GEOSC 020 orGEOSC 071  

GEOSC 465 Structural Geology (4) Effects and mechanics of deformation of the earth's crust; practicum includes field trips and studies of maps and structural problems. This course has one or more field trips for which a fee is charged to the student.
Effective: Spring 2002
Prerequisite: or concurrent:GEOSC 203, GEOSC 310  

GEOSC 470W Introduction to Field Geology (3) Field interpretation of geologic features; principles and techniques of geologic mapping; interpretation of geologic maps and diagrams. This course has one or more required field trips for which a fee is charged to the student.
Effective: Spring 2002
Prerequisite: GEOSC 001 ; fifth-semester standing  

GEOSC 472A Field Geology I (Introduction to Field Methods (3) Introduction to geologic field methods and the 3-D characterization of earth structure and the reconstruction of geologic histories. This course includes travel outside the University for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation, food, and lodging.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: GEOSC 310  

GEOSC 472B Field Geology II (Advanced Field Methods) (3) Advanced application of geologic field methods to the 3-D characterization of earth structure and the reconstruction of geologic histories. This course includes travel outside the University for which an additional charge will be made to cover transportation, food, and lodging.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: GEOSC 310, GEOSC 465 . Prerequisite or concurrent:GEOSC 472A  

GEOSC 474 (BIOL 474) Astrobiology (3) In depth treatment of principles/concepts of biochemical evolution, the origin/evolution of life; evaluation of distribution of life in the universe.
Effective: Summer 2007
Prerequisite: BIOL 110, CHEM 110  

GEOSC 479 Advanced Stratigraphy (3) Modern topics of sequence stratigraphy are addressed, with a heavy emphasis on field and laboratory data analysis and interpretation.
Effective: Spring 1999
Prerequisite: GEOSC 439  

GEOSC 483 Environmental Geophysics (3) This course presents the principles and applications of the variety of techniques geophysicists use to address environmental problems.
Effective: Fall 2001
Prerequisite: PHYS 211, PHYS 212  

GEOSC 487 Analysis of Time Series (3) Nonstatistical approach to data analysis; spectral and correlation analysis; filter theory; signal-to-noise improvement applied to geoscience data.
Effective: Fall 2010
Prerequisite: MATH 140 andMATH 141  

GEOSC 488 An Introduction to Seismology (4) An overview of the observations, methods, and frameworks used in seismogram analysis for earthquake and earth-structure investigations (includes laboratory).
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: MATH 140, MATH 141  

GEOSC 489 Dynamics of the Earth (4) Constitution and dynamics of the solid earth; mechanics and consequences of Plate Tectonic processes.
Effective: Fall 2001
Prerequisite: GEOSC 203, GEOSC 310, PHYS 211  

GEOSC 494M Senior Thesis (1-4) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007 Ending: Summer 2015
Prerequisite: seventh-semester standing  

GEOSC 494M Thesis Research (1-6) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small group basis.
Effective: Fall 2015 Future: Fall 2015
Prerequisite: seventh-semester standing  

GEOSC 494W Senior Thesis (1-4) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small group basis.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: seventh-semester standing  

GEOSC 495 Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Spring 2001
 

GEOSC 496 Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983
 

GEOSC 497 Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983
 

GEOSC 497A Geoscience Scholarship (3) Intended for geoscience majors seeking research careers. Major focus on core skills: writing, speaking, discussion, scientific literature, professionalism.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014
 

GEOSC 497A Geologic Maps in ARCGIS (1) This course provides an introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and their use in making geologic maps.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015 Future: Spring 2015
 

GEOSC 497B Introduction to Remote-Sensing (3) Comprehensive introduction to theory and methods in remote-sensing, covering optical, thermal and radar methods and their application in geosciences.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015 Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: MATH 140, PHYS 211  

GEOSC 497C Introduction to Critical Zone Science and Observations (3) Introduction to the interdisciplinary and emerging science of the Critical Zone using examples of data from U.S. CZ Observatories.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015 Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: introductory science course  

GEOSC 498 Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1997
 

GEOSC 499 (IL) Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005
 

Last Import from UCM: November 15, 2014 3:00 AM