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Graduate Degree Programs

Biology (BIOL)

BIOL 400 Teaching in Biology (1-3) This course will train biology teaching assistants to teach in the laboratory/ recitation setting with emphasis on critical thinking skills. Enrollment will be limited to students of at least fifth semester standing that have been accepted as teaching assistants for biology.
Effective: Fall 2006
Prerequisite: Enrollment will be limited to students of at lease fifth semester standing who are or have been accepted as teaching assistants in a life science course.  

BIOL 402W Biological Experimental Design (3) Discussion of experimental design, analysis and presentation, with a practicum providing for student design, analysis and presentation of biological experiments. Students may not take this course if they have taken BIOBD 350W.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: at least two of the following three courses:BIOL 220W, BIOL 230W, BIOL 240W;STAT 250  

BIOL 404 Cellular Mechanisms in Vertebrate Physiology (3) This course considers cellular mechanisms governing physiological aspects of vertebrate cell signaling and their adaptation to particular organismal functions.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: B M B 251 orBIOL 230W  

BIOL 405 Molecular Evolution (3) Introduction to concepts and techniques of analysis of molecular sequence data from an evolutionary point of view.
Effective: Fall 1994
Prerequisite: BIOL 222 orBIOL 230W  

BIOL 406 Symbiosis (3) This course covers a variety of different types of symbiotic relationships between unicellular symbionts and plants, fungi, or animals.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: BIOL 110;BIOL 220W, BIOL 230W orBIOL 240W  

BIOL 407 Plant Developmental Anatomy (3) This course will examine the development of basic vascular plant anatomical structures including leaves, stems, roots, and flowers.
Effective: Fall 2005
Prerequisite: BIOL 240W  

BIOL 409 Biology of Aging (3) Mechanisms of the aging process, with special reference to man. Unfavorable progressive changes in molecules, cells, systems, and organisms.
Effective: Summer 1984
Prerequisite: 6 credits in biology  

BIOL 411 Medical Embryology (3) Develops an understanding of human reproductive physiology, embryological processes, their time frames, and the development of major human body systems. The course emphasizes clinical correlations and the medical consequences of developmental abnormalities.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: 6 credits of biology  

BIOL 412 Ecology of Infectious Diseases (3) This course examines how ecological processes impact upon the epidemiology of infectious diseases.
Effective: Fall 2004
Prerequisite: BIOL 220W orH P A 440  

BIOL 413 Cell Signaling and Regulation (3) Introduction to the themes of cellular signaling and regulation through critical review of primary literature.
Effective: Spring 1998
Prerequisite: BIOL 240W  

BIOL 414 Taxonomy of Seed Plants (3) Basic principles and procedures in the practice of angiosperm systematics.
Effective: Fall 1994
Prerequisite: BIOL 240W  

BIOL 415 Ecotoxicology (3) Major concepts and controversies in the interdisciplinary field of ecological toxicology; toxicity analysis, remediation, and case studies of environmental pollution.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: BIOL 110, BIOL 220W;FOR 308 orW F S 209  

BIOL 416 Biology of Cancer (3) This course intends to illustrate biological basis of cancer development, and discusses aspects on prevention, detection, and treatment of cancer.
Effective: Spring 1999
Prerequisite: BIOL 222 orBIOL 230W  

BIOL 417 Invertebrate Zoology (4) Function and form of major invertebrate phyla.
Effective: Fall 1994
Prerequisite: BIOL 110  

BIOL 419 Ecological and Environmental Problem Solving (3) Overview of processes involved in solving environmental problems. Provides students with toolkit for understanding ecological and environmental problems.
Effective: Spring 2004
Prerequisite: BIOL 220W  

BIOL 420 (GEOSC 420) Paleobotany (3) Classification, morphology, phylogeny, and stratigraphic occurrence of fossil plants; practicum includes field trips and study of paleobotanical techniques and specimens.
Effective: Spring 2005
Prerequisite: any 3 credit introductory course in historical geology or plant biology  

BIOL 421 (VB SC 421) Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates (4) The comparative anatomy of representative vertebrate animals discussed from a descriptive and an evolutionary viewpoint.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: BIOL 240W  

BIOL 422 Advanced Genetics (3) Chromosomal mechanism of heredity; cytoplasmic and polygenic inheritance, chemical genetics, genomics, and experimental evolution.
Effective: Fall 2010
Prerequisite: one genetics or genetic based course includingBIOL 133, BIOL 222, BIOL 322 orBIOL 230W  

BIOL 424 Seeds of Change: The Uses of Plants (3) Interdisciplinary approach to the biology, chemistry, history, and culture of the interactions between plants and people.
Effective: Spring 2009
Prerequisite: BIOL 110;BIOL 220W, BIOL 230W orBIOL 240W  

BIOL 425 (PPEM 425) Biology of Fungi (4) A survey of the biological diversity of fungi, stressing evolution, ecololgy, disease, morphology, life histories, and importance to human affairs.
Effective: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: fifth-semester or graduate standing in a biological sciences major with six credits completed in the major  

BIOL 426 Developmental Neurobiology (3) Overview of basic developmental processes as they apply to the central nervous system.
Effective: Spring 2004
Prerequisite: BIOL 141 orBIOL 240  

BIOL 427 Evolution (3) Selected topics on the evolution of life.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: BIOL 220W, BIOL 230W  

BIOL 428 Population Genetics (3) Mathematical formulation of evolution by natural selection, genetic equilibrium under selection, mutation, migration, random drift.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: BIOL 220W, STAT 250;MATH 111 orMATH 141  

BIOL 429 Animal Behavior (3) Physiological mechanisms, ecological relevance, and adaptive significance of animal behavior.
Effective: Spring 1999
Prerequisite: BIOL 110, BIOL 220W  

BIOL 430 (B M B 430, ENT 430) Developmental Biology (3) Molecular and genetic analyses of mechanisms involved in differentiation and determination in biological systems.
Effective: Summer 1994
Prerequisite: B M B 252 ; orBIOL 222, BIOL 230W  

BIOL 431 Reproductive Biology (3) Reproduction is essential to all life and the course will explore development, physiology, cell biology, genetic and evolutionary aspects of this area.
Effective: Summer 2013
Prerequisite: BIOL 110 andBIOL 230 orB M B 251 orMICRO 251 orBIOL 240  

BIOL 432 Developmental Genetics (3) An advanced course in developmental biology, focusing on the use of genetics techniques to study fundamental questions of animal development.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: BIOL 230W ; orB M B 251, B M B 252  

BIOL 433 Evolution of Vertebrates (3) Evolution of vertebrate animals, including classification systems based upon morphology and genetics, insights for special adaptations.
Effective: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: BIOL 110 andBIOL 220W andBIOL 240W  

BIOL 434 Pathobiology of Emerging Infectious Disease (3) The course will analyze the pathology, immunology, microbiology, evolutionary biology, and policy of important emerging and reemerging infectious diseases.
Effective: Summer 2013
Prerequisite: BIOL 110 andBIOL 230 orMICRO 251 orB M B 251 orMICRO 201  

BIOL 435 Ecology of Lakes and Streams (3-4) Physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of freshwater environments, with special emphasis on factors regulating productivity in freshwater ecosystems.
Effective: Fall 2011
Prerequisite: BIOL 220W  

BIOL 436 Population Ecology and Global Climate Change (3) Ecological responses of individuals, populations, and communities to environmental variation, with emphasis on climate change.
Effective: Spring 2004
Prerequisite: BIOL 220  

BIOL 437 Histology (4) Microscopic structure of the tissue of the animal body.
Effective: Fall 1994
Prerequisite: BIOL 230W  

BIOL 438 Theoretical Population Ecology (3) Theoretical discussions of demographics, population and metapopulation growth models, life histories, and species interactions such as competition, predation, host-parasitoid relationships.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: BIOL 220W, MATH 140, STAT 250  

BIOL 439 Practical Bioinformatics (3) Practical aspects of retrieving and analyzing biological information residing in common databases.
Effective: Spring 2004
Prerequisite: BIOL 230 orB M B 251  

BIOL 441 Plant Physiology (3) Classical and current concepts in plant constituents, mineral nutrition, water relations, respiration, photosynthesis, photoperiodism, plant hormones, growth, and development.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: BIOL 230W, BIOL 240W  

BIOL 443 Evo-devo: Evolution of Developmental Mechanisms (3) How evolution of animals and plants can be traced to changes in the regulation and/or interactions of genes controlling development.
Effective: Spring 2004
Prerequisite: BIOL 240  

BIOL 444 Field Ecology (3) This field course will explore the flora and fauna of the mid-Atlantic area.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: BIOL 220W  

BIOL 446 Physiological Ecology (3) The physiological abilities of plants and animals to adapt to their abiotic environment.
Effective: Fall 1994
Prerequisite: BIOL 220W, BIOL 240W  

BIOL 448 Ecology of Plant Reproduction (3) Analysis of the ecology, evolution, and natural history of angiosperm reproduction, including pollination, fruit-set, dispersal, and relevant plant- animal interactions.
Effective: Fall 1994
Prerequisite: BIOL 220W  

BIOL 450W Experimental Field Biology (3-5) A practical introduction to modern experimental techniques for ecological study of terrestrial, marine, and fresh water habitats.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: BIOL 220W, BIOL 240W  

BIOL 451 Biology of RNA (3) Survey of the roles of RNA in biology, emphasizing evolutionary relationships and relevance to human health.
Effective: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: BIOL 230 orB M B 251 orMICRB 251  

BIOL 459 (BIOTC 459, HORT 459) Plant Tissue Culture and Biotechnology (3) Principles and techniques for the in vitro culture, propagation, and genetic manipulations of plant cells.
Effective: Fall 1999
Prerequisite: BIOL 230W ; orB M B 251, B M B 252  

BIOL 460 (ANTH 460) Human Genetics (3) The human genome, its variation, origins, and relation to disease and other traits.
Effective: Fall 2015
Prerequisite: ANTH 021 orBIOL 110 orBIOL 133 or persmission of program for a different course that covers introductory genetics topics for at least part of the semester  

BIOL 460H (ANTH 460H) Human Genetics (4) Gene mapping in humans; molecular basis of genetic disease; gnomic structure; immunogenetics; and genetic evidence for human evolutionary history.
Effective: Fall 2001
Prerequisite: 3 credits in genetics orANTH 021 orBIOL 222 orBIOL 230W ; and 3 credits in statistics  

BIOL 461 Contemporary Issues in Science and Medicine (3) Current/classical issues relating to health, research, agriculture, environment, and biotechnology. Active exploration of the impact of science on society.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: A 400-level Biology course.  

BIOL 463 General Ecology (3) Illustrates science of ecology, from individual, population, and community- level perspectives, discusses applications of this science to issues of conservation of biodiversity.
Effective: Spring 2002
Prerequisite: BIOL 220  

BIOL 464 Sociobiology (3) The study of the adaptive function of social behavior, the comparative analysis of social organization, and the ecology of sociality.
Effective: Summer 2012
Prerequisite: 6 credits in biology or anthropology  

BIOL 467 Molecular Basis of Neurological Diseases (3) Students taking this course will learn about neurological diseases in a biological molecular context.
Effective: Summer 2013
Prerequisite: BIOL 110 andBIOL 230 orB M B 251 orMICRO 251 orBIOL 240  

BIOL 469 (BB H 469) Neurobiology (3) Comprehensive examination of neuroanatomy and physiology designed to integrate the principles of neurochemistry, neuroendocrinology, and molecular biology.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: BIOL 240W  

BIOL 470 (BB H 470) Functional and Integrative Neurosciences (3) Neurobiological function in motivated behaviors, motor and sensory functions, learning and memory development, sexual differentiation, and pathology.
Effective: Summer 1995
Prerequisite: BIOL 469  

BIOL 472 Mammalian Physiology (3) Mechanisms concerned with normal animal function, with special emphasis on humans.
Effective: Summer 2007
Prerequisite: BIOL 240W, CHEM 203  

BIOL 473 Laboratory in Mammalian Physiology (2) Laboratory experiments demonstrating fundamentals in physiology.
Effective: Summer 1985
Prerequisite: or concurrent:BIOL 472  

BIOL 474 (GEOSC 474) Astrobiology (3) In depth treatment of principles/concepts of biochemical evolution, the origin/evolution of life; evaluation of distribution of life in the universe.
Effective: Summer 2007
Prerequisite: BIOL 110, CHEM 110  

BIOL 479 (AN SC 479) General Endocrinology (3) Endocrine mechanisms regulating the morphogenesis, homeostasis, and functional integration of animals.
Effective: Fall 2009
Prerequisite: BIOL 141 orBIOL 472  

BIOL 482 Coastal Biology (3-4) Marine organisms, their interactions with each other, and their relationships with several coastal habitats.
Effective: Spring 2010
Prerequisite: BIOL 220W  

BIOL 492 Senior Seminar in Biology (1) Discussion of selected topics from recent biological literature; reports on current research or internship experiences.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 18 credits in Biology; seventh-semester standing  

BIOL 494 Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 2010
 

BIOL 495 Internship in Biology (1-12) Practical off-campus experience in Biology under the supervision of a professional and a faculty member.
Effective: Spring 2013
 

BIOL 496 Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983
 

BIOL 497 Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983
 

BIOL 498 (ENT 498) Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1993
 

BIOL 499 (IL) Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005
 

BIOL 499A (IL) Tropical Field Ecology (3) An intensive introduction to tropical biodiversity to be taught in Belize, Central America.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: BIOL 220W  

BIOL 503 (BMMB 503, MCIBS 503, VB SC 503) Critical Elements of Genetics and Molecular and Cellular Biology (4) Foundational topics and critical analysis in evolution, genetics, molecular and cellular biology and cell differentiation.
Effective: Fall 2014
 

BIOL 505 Statistical Methods in Evolutionary Genetics (3) Statistical methods that are used for analyzing and interpreting genetic data in molecular evolution will be discussed.
Effective: Spring 1994
Prerequisite: BIOL 222, STAT 250  

BIOL 514 Topics in Systematics and Evolution (2) Discussion of pertinent current literature in systematic biology and evolution.
Effective: Spring 1995
 

BIOL 519 Ecological and Environmental Problem Solving (4) Overview of processes involved in solving environmental problems. Provides students with toolkit for understanding ecological and environmental problems.
Effective: Spring 2005
Prerequisite: BIOL 220 or an introductory ecology course  

BIOL 546 Ecology of Populations (3) Ecological responses of organisms to environmental variables (food, etc.) that determine population behavior. Demography, competition, predation, and community principles.
Effective: Summer 1991
 

BIOL 555 (STAT 555, MCIBS 555) Statistical Analysis of Genomics Data (3) Statistical Analysis of High Throughput Biology Experiments
Effective: Fall 2016
 

BIOL 571 (PHSIO 571) Animal Physiology (3) Mammalian cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, and gastrointestinal systems.
Effective: Summer 1985
Prerequisite: BIOL 472  

BIOL 590 Colloquium (1-3) Continuing seminars which consist of a series of individual lectures by faculty, students, or outside speakers.
Effective: Fall 2005
 

BIOL 591 Molecular Evolutionary Biology Seminar (1) Continuing seminars in Molecular Evolutionary Biology consisting of individual lectures by faculty, students, or outside speakers.
Effective: Spring 1995
 

BIOL 592 Critical Evaluation of Literature in Biology (1) Weekly readings and critiques of recent papers from primary literature are used to teach independent thinking and effective scientific communication.
Effective: Fall 2001
Prerequisite: Departmentally controlled  

BIOL 596 Individual Studies (1-9) Creative projects, including nonthesis research, that are supervised on and individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Spring 1994
 

BIOL 597 Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given on a topical or special interest subject which may be offered infrequently.
Effective: Spring 1990
 

BIOL 598 Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given on a topical or special interest subject which may be offered infrequently; several different topics may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Summer 2001
 

BIOL 600 Thesis Research (1-15) No description.
Effective: Fall 1983
 

BIOL 601 Ph.D. Dissertation Full-Time (0) No description.
Effective: Fall 1983
 

BIOL 602 Supervised Experience in College Teaching (1-3) Supervised experience in teaching and orientation to other selected aspects of the profession at The Pennsylvania State University.
Effective: Summer 1997
 

BIOL 610 Thesis Research Off Campus (1-15) No description.
Effective: Fall 1983
 

BIOL 611 Ph.D. Dissertation Part-Time (0) No description.
Effective: Fall 1983
 

BIOL 897 Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given on a topical or special interest subject which may be offered infrequently.
Effective: Summer 2007
 

1 BIOL 220W GN, 230W GN, and 240W GN each carry only 1 credit to "Writing"; all three courses must be taken to meet the W requirement.

Last Import from UCM: September 16, 2017 3:00 AM

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