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University Bulletin

Undergraduate Degree Programs

B.A. Degree Requirements: Humanities

1182 Courses

AAS 100 (AM ST 160) (GH;US)
Introduction to Asian American Studies (3) An introduction to the history, literature, and culture of Asian America.
Effective: Fall 2013

AAS 428 (ENGL 428) (US)
Asian American Literatures (3 per semester/maximum of 6) A seminar on the literatures and cultures of Asian America, with attention to forms of geographic, historical, and ethnic diversity.
Effective: Summer 2010

AF AM 083S (GH;US;IL)
First-Year Seminar in African American Studies (3) Cultural, philosophical, economic, political, and global dynamics of the Black experience in the United States and the Diaspora.
Effective: Fall 2013

AF AM 101 (WMNST 101) (GH;US)
The African American Woman (3) The sociological, historical, and political experiences of African American women, their roles and contributions to society.
Effective: Spring 2013

AF AM 101U (WMNST 101U) (GH;US)
The African American Woman (3) The sociological, historical, and political experiences of African American women, their roles and contributions to society.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

AF AM 101U (WMNST 101U) (GH;US)
The African American Woman (3) The sociological, historical, and political experiences of African American women, their roles and contributions to society.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

AF AM 101U (WMNST 101U) (GH;US)
The African American Woman (3) The sociological, historical, and political experiences of African American women, their roles and contributions to society.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

AF AM 132 (SPAN 132, AFR 132) (IL)
Afro-Hispanic Civilization (3) A general introduction to human and cultural elements of African origin in Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking countries of Latin America.
Effective: Spring 2013

AF AM 139 (ENGL 139) (GH;US)
Black American Literature (3) Fiction, poetry, and drama, including such writers as Baldwin, Douglaa, Ellison, Morrison, and Wright.
Effective: Fall 2013

AF AM 145 (RL ST 145) (GH;US;IL)
African American Religion (3) History and significance of the religious dimension of the Black American struggle for equality from enslavement to the contemporary period.
Effective: Spring 2013

AF AM 146 (RL ST 146) (GH;US)
The Life and Thought of Martin Luther King, Jr. (3) A survey of the civil rights leader including his religious beliefs, intellectual development, and philosophy for social change.
Effective: Spring 2013

AF AM 147 (RL ST 147) (GH;US)
The Life and Thought of Malcolm X (3) The life of Malcolm X/El Hajj Malik El Shabazz (1925-1965) and his social, political, economic, and moral thought.
Effective: Fall 2013

AF AM 152 (HIST 152) (GH;US;IL)
African American History (3) African roots; colonial and revolutionary experiences; slavery and abolitionism; civil war and reconstruction; accommodation and protest; the new militancy.
Effective: Fall 2013

AF AM 210 (HIST 210) (GH;US)
Between Accommodation and Alienation: African Americans in a Jim Crow Nation, 1896-1932 (3) The course will explore the context and events that shaped African American life over the period 1896-1932.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: AF AM 100 HIST 021

AF AM 211 (HIST 211) (GH;US;IL)
The Emergence and Evolution of the Black Diaspora in the Atlantic World (3) The course will explore the history and role of African and African-descent people in Africa, the Americas, and Europe.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: AF AM 100 or HIST 003 or HIST 020 or HIST 021 or HIST 152

AF AM 235 (ENGL 235) (US)
African-American Oral Folk Tradition (3) The origins, forms, and function of the oral folk tradition of African Americans.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

AF AM 250 (HIST 250) (GH;IL)
Introduction to the Modern Caribbean (3) A survey course which, explores the historical evolution and emergence of the modern Caribbean.
Effective: Fall 2012

AF AM 422 (CAS 422) (US)
Contemporary African American Communication (3) A focused study on the continuities between African and African American culture and communication.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: CAS 100

AF AM 469 (ENGL 469) (US)
Slavery and the Literary Imagination (3) The impact of slavery on the petitions, poetry, slave narratives, autobiographies, and novels of African Americans.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

AFR 191 (HIST 191) (GH;IL)
Early African History (3) Explores important economic and cultural transformations in the making of early African empires from 1 MBC to 1750.
Effective: Fall 2012

AFR 192 (HIST 192) (GH;IL)
Modern African History (3) Impact of the slave trade, expansion of Islam, colonial conquest, social and cultural transformations, resistance, nationalism, and independence.
Effective: Fall 2012

AM ST 050 (GH)
The Literature and Lore of Mining (3) Experience and values of mining tradition: survey of the literature and lore, including field research.
Effective: Spring 2004

AM ST 083S (GH)
First-Year Seminar in American Studies (3) Critical approaches to the interdisciplinary study of American culture.
Effective: Summer 1999

AM ST 100 (GH;US)
Introduction to American Studies (3) A study of selected attempts to identify and interpret movements and patterns in American culture.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: third-semester standing

AM ST 100Y (GH;US)
Introduction to American Studies (3) A study of selected attempts to identify and interpret movements and patterns in American culture.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: third-semester standing

AM ST 104 (WMNST 104) (GH;US)
Women and the American Experience (3) Selected aspects of the role of women in United States history and culture from colonial to modern times.
Effective: Summer 2005

AM ST 105 (ENGL 105) (GH;US)
American Popular Culture and Folklife (3) Survey of popular culture, folklife, and ethnicity, synthesizing material from such areas as literature, media, entertainment, print, music, and film.
Effective: Fall 2008

AM ST 135 (ENGL 135) (GH;US)
Alternative Voices in American Literature (3) United States writers from diverse backgrounds offering varying responses to issues such as race, class, gender, and ethnicity.
Effective: Fall 2013

AM ST 140Y (RL ST 140Y) (GH;US)
Religion in American Life and Thought (3) The function, contributions, tensions, and perspectives of religion in American culture.
Effective: Summer 2005

AM ST 160 (AAS 100) (GH;US)
Introduction to Asian American Studies (3) An introduction to the history, literature, and culture of Asian America.
Effective: Fall 2013

AM ST 160U (GH;US)
Introduction to Asian American Studies (3) An introduction to the history, literature, and culture of Asian America.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

AM ST 196 (ENGL 196, AMSTD 196) (GH;US)
Introduction to American Folklore (3) A basic introduction to verbal and non-verbal folklore stressing the basic procedures of collection, classification, and analysis.
Effective: Summer 2005

AM ST 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

AM ST 199 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

AM ST 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

AM ST 295
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

AM ST 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

AM ST 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

AM ST 297A (INART 297A)
Hip Hop Culture and Music (3) Hip hop is an aspect of modern African-American music that combines music styles with dance elements, popular poetry and literature, graffiti art and other expression elements into a popular culture movement. The course is designed to expose students to the development of Hip hops distinctive cultural elements. These elements include urban neighborhood street music, popular oral poetry, dance, and graffiti, all unifying under the common theme of protest against injustice. The course will also cover the social transmission of Hip hop.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

AM ST 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

AM ST 399 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

AM ST 421 (PHIL 401)
American Philosophy (3) Survey of key figures and movements in American thought, including the Transcendentalists, the Pragmatists, and contemporary developments.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200-level or 5th semester standing

AM ST 422 (RL ST 422)
Religion and American Culture (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Selected topics, problems, or historical movements in American religion; relation between religion and American culture.
Effective: Summer 1996

AM ST 432
Ethnicity and the American Experience (3) Theoretical and conceptual framework of ethnic studies: examination of specific issues related to major American ethnic and racial groups.
Effective: Fall 2007

AM ST 439
American Regional Cultures (3-6) An interdisciplinary study of the culture of a region of the United States, such as the south or the west.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: seventh-semester standing

AM ST 447 (HIST 447) (US)
Recent American History (3) Contemporary economic, social, and political aspects of the United States and its role as a world power since 1945.
Effective: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 021 3 additional credits in history economics or political science

AM ST 491W
American Themes, American Eras (3-6) Interdisciplinary American culture course on major themes and eras such as the American Revolutionary Era or the 1930s.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: seventh-semester standing

AM ST 493 (ENGL 493)
The Folktale in American Literature (3) A survey of the literary uses of the folktale and legendary materials, with particular concentration on the literature of America.
Effective: Spring 1986
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

AM ST 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

AM ST 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

AM ST 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

AM ST 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

AM ST 497H
The Rhetoric of Writing Local History (3) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

AM ST 499 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

ANTH 146 (GS;US)
North American Indians (3) An introduction to the cultures of the indigenous peoples of North America, north of Mexico, and the effect of contact.
Effective: Spring 2006

ANTH 220 (GA;GH;IL)
Anthropology and Art/ifacts (3) This coure examines anthropological approaches to the study of art works, their production, and function in diverse human societies, both past and present.
Effective: Summer 2012

ARAB 110 (GH;IL)
Arab Language, Cultures, and Current Topics (3) Fourth-semester Modern Standard Arabic: study of cultures through authentic discourse, texts, film; development of reading, writing, listening, speaking skills.
Effective: Summer 2010
Prerequisite: ARAB 003 or permission of program

ARAB 165 (HIST 165, RL ST 165) (IL)
Introduction to Islamic Civilization (3) Islamic history, culture, and religious life c.600-1500 C.E.
Effective: Spring 2006

ASIA 004 (CMLIT 004) (GH;IL)
Introduction to Asian Literatures (3) Comparative interpretations of narrative, drama, lyric, and other writings from East Asia and other regions, viewed as world literature.
Effective: Fall 2010

ASIA 100 (GH;IL)
What is Asia? (3) An introduction to the history, literatures, politics, and cultures of Asia.
Effective: Fall 2012

ASIA 183 (HIST 183) (GH;IL)
Gender, Family, and Society in East Asia (3) Investigates the history of gender, family, love, and sex in East Asia.
Effective: Summer 2012

ASIA 184 (HIST 184) (GH;IL)
Society and Culture in the Pacific War (3) Examines the role of society and culture in the Pacific War's causes, contexts, realities, and aftermath.
Effective: Summer 2012

ASIA 404 (CMLIT 404) (IL)
Topics in Asian Literature (3) Selected works from the major poetry, fiction, and drama of such countries as India, China, Japan.
Effective: Fall 2010
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature or related field appropriate to this course

ASIA 404Y (IL)
Topics in Asian Literature (3) Selected works from the major poetry, fiction, and drama of such countries as India, China, Japan, taught with focus on written analysis and interpretation.
Effective: Summer 2013

ASIA 405
Seminar in Asian Studies (3-6 per semester/maximum of 6) Advanced seminar in Asian Studies
Effective: Summer 2013
Prerequisite: ASIA 100

ASIA 405Y (IL)
Seminar in Asian Studies (3-6 per semester/maximum of 6) An advanced, writing-focused seminar in Asian Studies.
Effective: Fall 2009
Prerequisite: ASIA 100

ASIA 480 (HIST 480) (IL)
Japan in the Age of Warriors (3) An overview of Japan from the 10th to 17th century, a period of political decentralization, cultural efflorescence, and social change.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014

ASIA 481 (HIST 481) (IL)
Modern Japan Since 1800 (3) The transformation of Japan from a relatively isolated, agricultural nation into a highly industrialized world power.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 172 HIST 174 or HIST 175

ASIA 483 (HIST 483) (IL)
Middle China (3) The social, political, and cultural issues and developments from the 8th to 16th century.
Effective: Spring 2015 Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: HIST 174

ASIA 484Y (HIST 484Y) (IL)
History of Chinese Thought (3) A study of the dynamic historical development of Chinese thought with its diverse expressions from antiquity to the present.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 174 or HIST 175

ASIA 485Y (HIST 485Y) (IL)
China's Last Empire: The Qing Dynasty, 1644-1911 (3) China from 1644 founding of Qing dynasty to 1911 fall; Chinese society and institutions, imperialism and China's internal diversity.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 175 or HIST 300H

ASIA 486 (HIST 486) (IL)
China in Revolution (3) China from 1900 to the present; nationalism, cultural change; development of communism.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 175 or HIST 300H

CAMS 001 (GH)
Greek and Roman Literature (3) Selected readings within a chronological and thematic context of significant and influential masterworks of Greece and Rome.
Effective: Spring 2004

CAMS 004 (J ST 004, RL ST 004) (GH;US;IL)
Jewish and Christian Foundations (3) Introduction to the perspectives, patterns of worship, morality, historical roots, and institutions of the Judaeo-Christian traditions; their relationships to culture.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 010 (GH;IL)
Mesopotamian Civilization (3) Cultural, technological, literary, political, and economic achievements of peoples who occupied the region of Mesopotamia (4,000-331 B.C.E.), in historical context.
Effective: Spring 2006

CAMS 012 (J ST 012, RL ST 012) (GH;IL)
Lands of the Bible (3) Textual and archaeological evidence for the lands, cities, and peoples associated with the Hebrew Bible and Christian scriptures.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 012U (J ST 012U, RL ST 012U) (GH;IL)
Lands of the Bible (3) Textual and archaeological evidence for the lands, cities, and peoples associated with the Hebrew Bible and Christian scriptures.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

CAMS 015 (GH)
Wonders of the Ancient World (3) Overview of ancient world by focusing on the famed "Seven Wonders" and similar achievements from 3000 B.C.E.-1st Century C.E.
Effective: Spring 2003

CAMS 020 (GH)
Egyptian Civilization (3) The culture, history, literature, and archaeology of ancient Egypt from the dawn of history to the Greco-Roman period.
Effective: Fall 2005

CAMS 025 (GH;IL)
Greek Civilization (3) The origin and development of the ancient Greek people; their political and social institutions, public and private life.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 025U (GH;IL)
Greek Civilization (3) The origin and development of the ancient Greek people; their political and social institutions, public and private life.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

CAMS 033 (GH;IL)
Roman Civilization (3) Origin of the Romans; sociopolitical development; food, homes, education, marriage, family life, amusements, private and public worship.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 044 (RL ST 044) (GH;IL)
Ancient Near Eastern and Egyptian Mythology (3) Survey of major ancient Mediterranean myths, gods, and goddesses in their cultural contexts; influence on later cultures.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 045 (GH;IL)
Classical Mythology (3) Introduction to Greek and Roman divinities, heroes and heroines; survey of the major myths and their influence on Western culture.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 050 (GH)
Words: Classical Sources of English Vocabulary (3) An introduction to English word forms stressing the most frequently occurring Latin and Greek elements and their derivatives.
Effective: Fall 2004

CAMS 083S (GH;IL)
First-Year Seminar in Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies (3) Critical approach to the study of ancient Mediterranean languages, literatures, and/or material cultures.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 090 (J ST 090, RL ST 090) (GH;IL)
Archaeology of Jerusalem: Past and Present (3) Archaeology and history of Jerusalem from earliest times (c. 3000 BCE) to the present.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 099 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 100 (HIST 100) (GH;IL)
Ancient Greece (3) Greek world from the earliest Aegean cultures to the death of Alexander the Great and the beginnings of Hellenistic civilization.
Effective: Spring 2006

CAMS 101 (HIST 101) (GH;IL)
The Roman Republic and Empire (3) History of the Roman Republic and Empire from the origins of Rome to the disintegration of the Empire.
Effective: Spring 2006

CAMS 102 (HIST 102, J ST 102, RL ST 102) (GH;IL)
Canaan and Israel in Antiquity (3) Political, social, and intellectual history of the land of Canaan/Israel in the Biblical era: Late Bronze and Iron Ages.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 104 (HIST 104) (GH)
Ancient Egypt (3) The history and archaeology of ancient Egypt from the dawn of history to the Greco-Roman period.
Effective: Summer 2002

CAMS 105 (GH;IL)
History of the Ancient Near East (3) History of the Ancient Near East from the end of the Neolithic to the Hellenistic period.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 109Y (GH;IL)
Writing Systems of the World (3) Writing intensive overview of the world's writing systems throughout history.
Effective: Spring 2007

CAMS 110 (J ST 110, RL ST 110) (GH;US;IL)
Hebrew Bible: Old Testament (3) Introduction to the history, literature, and religion of ancient Israel.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 111 (J ST 111, RL ST 111) (GH;IL)
Early Judaism (3) Religious thought, practices, and parties in the Second Temple period; the emergence of rabbinic Judaism.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 115 (GH;IL)
Literature of the Ancient Near East (3) Reading and study of literary works from the Ancient Near East, especially from Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: 3 credits from the following list: CAMS 005 CAMS 010 CAMS 020 CAMS 105

CAMS 120 (J ST 120, RL ST 120) (GH)
New Testament (3) Introduction to the history, literature, and religion of early Christianity in the Jewish-Hellenistic setting.
Effective: Spring 2004

CAMS 120H (J ST 120H, RL ST 120H) (GH)
New Testament (3) Introduction to the history, literature, and religion of early Christianity in the Jewish-Hellenistic setting.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

CAMS 121 (RL ST 121, J ST 112)
Jesus the Jew (3) A historical critical examination of the life of Jesus of Nazareth within the context of first century Palestinian Judaism.
Effective: Fall 2013

CAMS 122 (J ST 122, RL ST 122) (GH;IL)
Apocalypse and Beyond (3) This course surveys apocalyptic literature and apocalyptic movements from the ancient Near East to the modern world.
Effective: Summer 2014 Future: Summer 2014

CAMS 123 (J ST 123, RL ST 123) (GH;IL)
Ancient Monotheisms: Judaism, Christianity, Islam (3) Examines the origins and early development of the three major monotheisms of anicent Near East: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Effective: Summer 2014 Future: Summer 2014

CAMS 124 (J ST 124, RL ST 124) (GH;US;IL)
Early and Medieval Christianity (3) Analysis in cultural context of selected thinkers, ideas, and movements in Christianity from the second through the fifteenth century.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 133 (GH)
Archaeology of the Levant and Ancient Israel (3) Archaeology of the Levant and Ancient Israel to c. 1000 B.C.E.; relationship between archaeological and textual evidence.
Effective: Summer 2013

CAMS 134 (J ST 134, RL ST 134) (GH;IL)
Archaeology of Biblical Israel (3) Archaeology of Biblical Israel from 1200 B.C.E. to c. 640 C.E.; relationship between archaeological and textual evidence.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 140 (GH;IL)
Classical Archaeology--Ancient Greece (3) Literary sources and material evidence for society; culture of the inhabitants of Greece in ancient times.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 150 (GH;IL)
Classical Archaeology--Ancient Rome (3) Literary sources for the development of Roman civilization in relation to the relevant archaeological discoveries.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 151 (HEBR 151, J ST 151)
Introductory Biblical Hebrew (3) Fundamentals of Biblical Hebrew grammar, syntax, and vocabulary.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 152 (HEBR 152, J ST 152)
Intermediate Biblical Hebrew (3) Intermediate study of Biblical Hebrew grammar, syntax, and vocabulary.
Effective: Summer 2011

CAMS 153 (J ST 153, RL ST 153) (GH;IL)
Dead Sea Scrolls (3) Examines the discovery, contents, and interpretations of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Jewish texts from approximately 225 B.C.E. to 68 C.E.
Effective: Summer 2014 Future: Summer 2014

CAMS 160 (J ST 160, RL ST 160) (GH;IL)
Sacrifice in Ancient Religions (3) Examines theories of sacrifice and its manifestations in especially the religions of the ancient Mediterranean world and the Near East.
Effective: Summer 2014 Future: Summer 2014

CAMS 180 (HIST 180) (GH;IL)
Ancient Warfare (3) Historical survey of the evolution of warfare in the ancient Mediterranean region from prehistoric times to the Later Roman Empire.
Effective: Summer 2006

CAMS 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1997

CAMS 197A (WMNST 197A)
Women in Greece and Rome (3) This course is an introductory survey of the life and status of women in the Classical world as represented in literature, art, and historical sources. Through the analysis of Greek and Roman textual, visual, and archaeological evidence we will examine the domestic, sexual, social, legal, and religious roles of women in these cultures. We will also consider current debates concerning women in ancient Greece and Rome while we discuss and acknowledge the contemporary filters through which we view the ancient evidence.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

CAMS 198
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 2005

CAMS 199 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 200 (PHIL 200) (GH)
Ancient Philosophy (3) Examines the thought and influence of major Western thinkers from the pre-Socratics to the neo-Platonists, emphasizing Plato and Aristotle.
Effective: Fall 2003

CAMS 250U (GH;IL)
Honors Classics in Literature and Film (3) This honors course explores the Classical Tradition as it thrives in the literature of later epochs and film.
Effective: Summer 2010

CAMS 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Spring 1997

CAMS 295
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

CAMS 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, that are supervised on an individual basis and that fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Spring 1997

CAMS 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1996

CAMS 298
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 2005

CAMS 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

CAMS 397
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 2005

CAMS 398
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 2005

CAMS 399 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 400W
Comparative Study of the Ancient Mediterranean World (3) Comparative study of ancient Mediterranean civilizations.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies

CAMS 405 (IL)
Law & Economy in the Ancient Near East (3) This course is an overview of the legal and economic texts and institutions in the Ancient Near East.
Effective: Spring 2009
Prerequisite: 6 credits in any undergraduate CAMS courses.

CAMS 410
Classical Epic (3) Homer, Hellenistic Epic, and Vergil; influences on later epic.
Effective: Spring 1998

CAMS 411W
Classical Drama (3) Masterpieces of Greek tragedy (Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides) and comedy (Aristophanes, Menander); their influence on Roman writers.
Effective: Spring 2001

CAMS 440W
Studies in Classical and Ancient Mediterranean Archaeology (3-6) Selected topics in the literary sources and material evidence for classical and ancient Mediterranean society.
Effective: Summer 2000
Prerequisite: 3 credits from: ANTH 002 ART H 311 CAMS 010 CAMS 020 CAMS 025 CAMS 033 CAMS 140 CAMS 150 HIST 100 HIST 101

CAMS 442 (KINES 442) (IL)
Sport in Ancient Greece and Rome (3) An examination of the continuity of sport in Greek and Roman societies.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CAMS 025 CAMS 033 CAMS 140 CAMS 150 CAMS 100 CAMS 101 or KINES 141

CAMS 471
Sumerian (3) Introduction to the Sumerian language and the cuneiform writing system.
Effective: Spring 2009
Prerequisite: 6 credits in any undergraduate CAMS course.

CAMS 472
Akkadian (3) Introduction to the Akkadian language (Babylonian & Assyrian) and the cuneiform writing system.
Effective: Spring 2009
Prerequisite: 6 credits in any undergraduate CAMS courses

CAMS 480 (J ST 480)
Greeks and Persians (3) Development and achievements of the Achaemenid kingdom; relationships between Persians and Greeks.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: CAMS 010 CAMS 025 or CAMS 100

CAMS 490
Ancient Mediterranean Languages (3-6) Variable topic study of an ancient language of the Mediterranean basin and related areas, other than Greek, Latin, or Hebrew.
Effective: Summer 2011
Prerequisite: LATIN 003

CAMS 492
Intermediate Field Methods (3-6) On-site experience in archaeological fieldwork in the ancient Mediterranean region.
Effective: Spring 2000
Prerequisite: approval by field school director

CAMS 493
Intermediate Field Analysis (3-6) On-site experience in archaeological analysis in the ancient Mediterranean region.
Effective: Spring 2000
Prerequisite: approval by field school director

CAMS 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Spring 1997

CAMS 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2001

CAMS 495
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1999

CAMS 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, that are supervised on an individual basis and that fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1996

CAMS 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1997

CAMS 497A (J ST 497A)
Paul the Apostle (3) Intensive study, in historical, literary, and religious contexts, of the life and writings of one of the founders of Christianity. Considerable attention will be focused on the impact of Paul and his writings on the evolution of early Christianity.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

CAMS 497H
Environmental Thought in the Ancient Mediterranean World (3) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

CAMS 499 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAS 084S (GH)
First-Year Seminar in Communication Arts and Sciences (3) Introduction to significant issues surrounding effective human communication; humanities emphasis.
Effective: Summer 2002

CAS 175 (GH)
Persuasion and Propaganda (3) An introductory examination of how symbols have been used to create belief and action in revolutionary, totalitarian, and democratic settings.
Effective: Spring 2003

CAS 201 (GH)
Rhetorical Theory (3) History and theory of public advocacy and civic discourse.
Effective: Spring 2003

CAS 411
Rhetorical Criticism (3) Principles of rhetorical criticism examined through analysis of selected texts and critics.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: CAS 201 or CAS 100

CAS 415
Rhetoric of Film and Television (3) Rhetorical analysis of the artistic forms and cultural structures of film and television; intensive study of selected examples.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: CAS 100 or COMM 150

CAS 420
Rhetorical Theory (3) Ancient, medieval, Renaissance, Enlightenment, and contemporary theories of rhetoric.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: CAS 201

CAS 422 (AF AM 422) (US)
Contemporary African American Communication (3) A focused study on the continuities between African and African American culture and communication.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: CAS 100

CAS 426W
Communication Ethics (3) Ethical issues in public and private communication; role of communication in expressing and realizing individual and social values.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: CAS 100

CAS 475
Studies in Public Address (3) History and criticism of public discourse; intensive analysis of selected public addresses and social movements.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: CAS 100

CAS 480
Group Performance of Literature (3) Applying storytelling skills and performance theory to the group presention of literature; criticism of literature through group presentations.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: CAS 100

CHNS 120 (GH;IL)
Introduction to Chinese Literature and Culture (3) Chinese cultural productions, classical through contemporary; literature and film; changing cultural settings in multiple Chinese-speaking locations. Taught in English.
Effective: Spring 2010

CHNS 121 (GH;IL)
Chinese Film and New Media (3) Survey of Chinese film and new media in the twentieth century and beyond, with attention to changing cultural settings. Taught in English.
Effective: Spring 2010

CHNS 402 (IL)
Level Three Chinese B (4) Readings in representative works of traditional and modern literature; practice in composition; study of aspects of Chinese culture.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: CHNS 401 OR EQUIVALENT

CHNS 410 (IL)
Chinese Through Film (3) This course is designed for students who finish Level Two Chinese or higher and aims to help them develop Chinese proficiency through movies.
Effective: Summer 2013
Prerequisite: CHNS 110 or equivalent

CHNS 426 (IL)
The Chinese Rhetorical Tradition (3 per semester/maximum of 6) Study of the rhetorical works in ancient China as well as multiple facets of modern Chinese rhetoric.
Effective: Summer 2011
Prerequisite: 3 credits in ENGL 015

CMLIT 001 (GH;IL)
Introduction to Western Literatures Through the Renaissance (3) Introductory comparative survey of European and American literatures of Ancient through Renaissance periods, considering genre, themes, cultural and literary values.
Effective: Spring 2005

CMLIT 002 (GH;IL)
Introduction to Western Literatures Since the Renaissance (3) Introductory comparative survey of European and American literatures, post-Renaissance through Modern, considering genre, themes, cultural, and literary values.
Effective: Summer 2005

CMLIT 003 (GH;IL)
Introduction to African Literatures (3) Comparative analysis of drama, essay, novel, poetry, and stories from traditional oral forms to contemporary expressions of African literary styles.
Effective: Summer 2005

CMLIT 004 (ASIA 004) (GH;IL)
Introduction to Asian Literatures (3) Comparative interpretations of narrative, drama, lyric, and other writings from East Asia and other regions, viewed as world literature.
Effective: Fall 2010

CMLIT 004U (GH;IL)
Introduction to Asian Literatures (3) Comparative interpretations of narrative, drama, lyric, and other writings from East Asia and other regions, viewed as world literature.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

CMLIT 005 (GH;US;IL)
Introduction to Literatures of the Americas (3) Comparative interpretation of the oral and written literary traditions of North, Central, and South America.
Effective: Summer 2005

CMLIT 006 (PHIL 006) (GH;IL)
Philosophy and Literature in Western Culture (3) Explores fundamental issues of human existence through the traditions of western literature and philosophy.
Effective: Spring 2006

CMLIT 010 (GH;IL)
World Literatures (3) The development of literature around the world--from epic, legend, lyric, etc. in the oral tradition to modern written forms.
Effective: Fall 2010

CMLIT 011 (GH;IL)
The Hero in World Literature (3) The figure of the hero/heroine examined in world literature as a vehicle for expressing social and cultural values.
Effective: Summer 2005

CMLIT 011U (GH;IL)
The Hero in World Literature (3) The figure of the hero/heroine examined in world literature as a vehicle for expressing social and cultural values.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

CMLIT 012 (GH;IL)
Introduction to World Drama and Performance (3) The power, ethics, and excitement of drama and related forms of performance literature, presented in a global and comparative context.
Effective: Summer 2010

CMLIT 013 (GH;IL)
Virtual Worlds: Antiquity to the Present (3) Virtual worlds from anicent to postmodern, in a comparative and global context that includes literature, film, and online multiplayer games.
Effective: Summer 2010

CMLIT 083S (GH;IL)
First-Year Seminar in Comparative Literature (3) International topics in literature and culture; each seminar will have a specific topic as announced (see the Comparative Literature Web site).
Effective: Summer 2005

CMLIT 097
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Summer 1995

CMLIT 099 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

CMLIT 100 (GH;IL)
Reading Across Cultures (3) Comparative approaches (studying international literary periods, themes, genres, etc.) and principles of literary interpretation introduced through readings representing various cultures.
Effective: Fall 2010

CMLIT 101 (GH;US;IL)
Race, Gender, and Identity in World Literature (3) Identity and race, gender and heritage, centrality and marginality, self and other, as expressed in literary works from around the world.
Effective: Fall 2010

CMLIT 105 (GH;IL)
The Development of Literary Humor (3) Literary humor expressed as satire, comedy, and farce--from ancient times to the present--in an international and multicultural context.
Effective: Summer 2005

CMLIT 106 (GH;IL)
The Arthurian Legend (3) The growth and development of the legend of King Arthur, from medieval Europe to modern Japan.
Effective: Summer 2005

CMLIT 107 (GH;IL)
Exploration, Travel, Migration, and Exile (3) An international selection of journey narratives, from the real to the imaginary; travel narratives as critiques of self and society.
Effective: Spring 2011

CMLIT 108 (GH;IL)
Myths and Mythologies (3) World mythology: myths primarily of non-Western cultures, based on selected areas and traditions around the world.
Effective: Summer 2005

CMLIT 108U (GH;IL)
Myths and Mythologies (3) World mythology: myths primarily of non-Western cultures, based on selected areas and traditions around the world.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

CMLIT 108U (GH;IL)
Myths and Mythologies (3) World mythology: myths primarily of non-Western cultures, based on selected areas and traditions around the world.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

CMLIT 109 (GH;US;IL)
Native American Myths, Legends, and Literatures (3) Myths, legends, and literatures of Native American cultures.
Effective: Spring 2006

CMLIT 110 (J ST 131) (GH;US;IL)
Jewish Literature: An International Perspective (3) Literature of the Jewish tradition in various cultures and contexts, such as Europe, Israel, Islamic countries, and the Americas.
Effective: Spring 2011

CMLIT 111 (GH;IL)
Introduction to Literatures of India (3) Narrative, lyric, religious, oral, and dramatic literature, as well as film from India studied in translation from a global perspective.
Effective: Summer 2005

CMLIT 120 (GH;IL)
The Literature of the Occult (3) Important literary works dealing with witchcraft, demonology, vampirism, ghosts, and related concepts, from biblical times to present.
Effective: Spring 2006

CMLIT 120U (GH;IL)
The Literature of the Occult (3) Important literary works dealing with witchcraft, demonology, vampirism, ghosts, and related concepts, from biblical times to present.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

CMLIT 122 (GH;US;IL)
Global Science Fictions (3) A study of the relationships between science, literature, and film, from an international and interdisciplinary perspective.
Effective: Summer 2010

CMLIT 132 (GH;IL)
Nobel Prize Literature (3) Introduction to Nobel Prize winning literature and the culture of the prize in international and historical context.
Effective: Summer 2010

CMLIT 140 (GH;IL)
Literature and the Other Arts: International and Comparative Perspectives (3) A comparative, international examination of the relationship between literature and non-literary art forms.
Effective: Summer 2010

CMLIT 141 (GH;US;IL)
Religion and Literature (3) Major religious themes as expressed in literary masterpieces; sacred texts from various cultures read as literature.
Effective: Summer 2005

CMLIT 142 (GH;IL)
The Psychology of World Literature (3) A comparative, psychological approach to world literature from the perspectives of writer, narrative, character, and reader.
Effective: Summer 2010

CMLIT 143 (GH;US;IL)
Human Rights and World Literature (3) Human rights violations discussed in tandem with their literary representation, presented in a global and comparative context.
Effective: Summer 2010

CMLIT 153 (GH;IL)
International Cultures: Film and Literature (3) Comparison of narrative techniques employed by literature and film in portraying different cultures, topics may vary each semester.
Effective: Spring 2011

CMLIT 153U (GH;IL)
International Cultures: Film and Literature (3) Comparison of narrative techniques employed by literature and film in portraying different cultures, topics may vary each semester.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

CMLIT 184 (ENGL 184) (GH;IL)
The Short Story (3) Lectures, discussion, readings in translation, with primary emphasis on major writers of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century.
Effective: Spring 2006

CMLIT 185 (ENGL 185) (GH;IL)
World Novel (3) Development of the modern novel in the last century (outside the British Isles and the United States); lectures, discussions, readings in translation.
Effective: Spring 2011

CMLIT 189 (ENGL 189) (GH;IL)
Modern Drama (3) Playwrights who set the world's stage for twentieth-century drama; issues that continue to shape the contemporary theatrical world.
Effective: Spring 2011

CMLIT 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Summer 1995

CMLIT 199 (IL)
Foreign Study--Comparative Literature (3-6) Course offered on comparative literary topics as part of a foreign-study program.
Effective: Summer 2005

CMLIT 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1995

CMLIT 295
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, non-group instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1997

CMLIT 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Summer 1995

CMLIT 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Summer 1995

CMLIT 298
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Summer 1995

CMLIT 300H
Honors Thesis (3) Individual projects involving research, reading, and writing; preparation of an honors thesis in comparative literature or world literature.
Effective: Summer 1995
Prerequisite: Participation in the University Scholars program

CMLIT 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

CMLIT 399 (IL)
Foreign Study--Comparative Literature (3-6) Special course offered on comparative literary topics as part of a foreign-study program.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: third-semester standing

CMLIT 400Y (US;IL)
Senior Seminar in Literary Criticism and Theory (3) Discussions of theories of literature, of literary criticism, and particularly of the distinct methods of comparative study; individual projects.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: seventh-semester standing; 18 credits in literature

CMLIT 401Y (IL)
The Western Literary Heritage I (3) Major literary movements and authors in the literature of the Western world from the beginnings through the early Renaissance.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature or history

CMLIT 402Y (US;IL)
The Western Literary Heritage II (3) Major literary movements and authors in the literature of the Western world from the late Renaissance to the present time.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature or history

CMLIT 403 (LTNST 403) (US)
Latino/a Literature and Culture (3) Literary and other forms of cultural expression (film, music, art, and theater) are compared across different Latina/o communities.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: 3 credits in the humanities or in any LTNST course or 4th-semester proficiency in Spanish

CMLIT 404 (ASIA 404) (IL)
Topics in Asian Literature (3) Selected works from the major poetry, fiction, and drama of such countries as India, China, Japan.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature or related field appropriate to this course

CMLIT 405 (US;IL)
Inter-American Literature (3) This course examines the development of literature in Canada, the United States, Spanish America, the Caribbean area, and Brazil.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature

CMLIT 406 (IL)
Women and World Literature (3) Literature written by women, especially women from non-Western cultures; the spectrum of genres in which women writers have excelled.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature or in women's studies

CMLIT 408 (IL)
Heroic Literature (3) Traditional heroes, their traits and adventures; typical themes and examples chosen from the epics and sagas of world literature.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature or folklore

CMLIT 410 (IL)
Literary Translation: Theory and Practice (3) Emphasizing literary translation, a study of the theoretical and practical problems encountered in the processes of translation, transmission, and interpretation.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: 18 credits in a foreign language

CMLIT 415 (GH;US;IL)
World Graphic Novels (3) Critical analyses of form, genre, medium, and discourse of the graphic novel and its historical precedents in an international and comparative context.
Effective: Summer 2010
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature

CMLIT 422 (IL)
African Drama (3) Traditional and popular drama forms; modern anglophone and francophone drama; nationalism and social criticism in contemporary African drama.
Effective: Spring 2006

CMLIT 423 (IL)
African Novel (3) From traditional oral narratives to modern autobiograhical, historical, satirical, sociological, and allegorical forms; novelist as social critic.
Effective: Spring 2006

CMLIT 429 (ENGL 429)
New Media and Literature (3) New media literary genres; critical discussion of creative works in digital media.
Effective: Summer 2010

CMLIT 430 (IL)
Global Modernisms (3) A comparative investigation of global Modernisms, with an emphasis on the relations between modernism, modernity, and modernization.
Effective: Summer 2010
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature

CMLIT 443 (US;IL)
Transatlantic Literature (3 per semester/maximum of 6) Comparative literary and cultural relations across the Atlantic Ocean; may include Europe, Africa, the Americas, and/or the Caribbean.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature

CMLIT 446 (IL)
Postcolonial Literature and Culture (3) Postcolonial literature and theory in a comparative and international context.
Effective: Summer 2010
Prerequisite: 3 credits in the study of literature

CMLIT 449 (IL)
Literary Cultures of Islam (3) Comparative discussion of the literary cultures of Islam from the seventh century to the present.
Effective: Summer 2010
Prerequisite: 3 credits in the study of literature

CMLIT 453 (COMM 453) (IL)
Narrative Theory: Film and Literature (3) Comparative study of the aesthetics and techniques of film and literature; close analyses of masters of each art form.
Effective: Fall 2006
Prerequisite: COMM 150 or 3 credits in literature

CMLIT 459
Topics in Theory (3) Selected topics in this history of theory and literary criticism within a global, comparative context.
Effective: Summer 2010
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature

CMLIT 470 (IL)
The Modern Novel (3) Major novels of Joyce, Proust, Kafka, Thomas Mann, Nabokov, and others; their contributions to the art of the novel.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature

CMLIT 480 (IL)
The International Folktale (3) Traditional tales from various parts of the world: their origin, characteristics, forms; their transmission as oral narrative and written literature.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature or folklore

CMLIT 486 (IL)
Tragedy (3) Development of tragic drama and its relationship to social background and philosophical theory.
Effective: Spring 2006

CMLIT 487 (IL)
Comedy (3) Development of comic drama and its relationship to social background and philosophical theory.
Effective: Spring 2006

CMLIT 488 (ENGL 488) (IL)
Modern Continental Drama (3) From Ibsen to the drama of today: Strindberg, Chekhov, Hauptmann, Pirandello, Ionesco, Beckett, Genet, and others.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

CMLIT 490
Video Game Studies (3) A comparative look at the nature and history of video games as cultural artifacts, from Pond to online role-playing.
Effective: Summer 2010
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature

CMLIT 491 (IL)
Literary Adaptation: International and Comparative Perspectives (3) A comparative, international study of adapations between literature and other media (film, theater, photography, music).
Effective: Summer 2010
Prerequisite: 3 credits in literature or other fields relevant to this course

CMLIT 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1995

CMLIT 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

CMLIT 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Summer 1995

CMLIT 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Summer 1995

CMLIT 498
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Summer 1995

CMLIT 499 (IL)
Foreign Study--Comparative Literature (3-6) Advanced courses offered on comparative literary topics as part of a foreign-study program.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: 18 credits or equivalent in the appropriate foreign language; 6 credits in literature or related field appropriate to this course

COMM 110 (GH)
Media and Democracy (3) This course considers the role of the mass media with regard to developing civic awareness and engagement in democratic societies.
Effective: Spring 2009

COMM 453 (CMLIT 453) (IL)
Narrative Theory: Film and Literature (3) Comparative study of the aesthetics and techniques of film and literature; close analyses of masters of each art form.
Effective: Fall 2006
Prerequisite: COMM 150 or 3 credits in literature

CRIMJ 469 (HIST 469)
Drugs and Drug Policy in the United States (3) Examines the history and dimensions of drug use and analyzes the impact of drug policy.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CRIMJ 100 or HIST 021

EM SC 150 (S T S 150) (GN;IL)
Out of the Fiery Furnace (3) A history of materials, energy and man, with emphasis on their interrelationships. For nontechnical students.
Effective: Spring 2006

ENGL 001 (GH)
Understanding Literature (3) Explores how major fiction, drama, and poetry, past and present, primarily English and American, clarify enduring human values and issues.
Effective: Spring 2003

ENGL 001H (GH)
Understanding Literature (3) Explores how major fiction, drama, and poetry, past and present, primarily English and American, clarify enduring human values and issues.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

ENGL 001W (GH)
Understanding Literature (3) Studies the various critical ways of reading, understanding, and writing about fiction, poetry, and drama.
Effective: Spring 1999

ENGL 002 (GH)
The Great Traditions in English Literature (3) Major works of fiction, drama, and poetry from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century expressing enduring issues and values.
Effective: Spring 2000

ENGL 003S (GH)
The Great Traditions in American Literature (3) Major works of fiction, drama, and poetry from the colonial to the modern periods expressing enduring issues and values.
Effective: Fall 2002

ENGL 006
Creative Writing Common Time (1 per semester/maximum of 8) Required one hour a week meeting time; readings, professional development, advising, community-building.
Effective: Fall 2007

ENGL 083S (GH)
First-Year Seminar in English (3) Critical approaches to the dimensions and directions in English/American literature and rhetoric.
Effective: Summer 1999

ENGL 088 (GH)
Australian/New Zealand Cultural Perspectives (3) Australian and New Zealand cultural and social perspectives, with emphasis on the historical development of intellectual, aesthetic, and humanistic values.
Effective: Spring 2001

ENGL 097
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1992

ENGL 098
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1992

ENGL 100
English Language Analysis (3) An examination of English sounds, words, and syntax using traditional, structural, and transformational grammar.
Effective: Spring 1984

ENGL 103 (GH;US)
The Great Traditions in American Literature (3) Major works of fiction, drama, and poetry from the colonial to the modern periods expressing enduring issues and values.
Effective: Spring 2013

ENGL 104 (GH)
The Bible as Literature (3) Study of the English Bible as a literary and cultural document.
Effective: Spring 2002

ENGL 105 (AM ST 105) (GH;US)
American Popular Culture and Folklife (3) Survey of popular culture, folklife, and ethnicity, synthesizing material from such areas as literature, media, entertainment, print, music, and film.
Effective: Fall 2008

ENGL 110
Newswriting Practicum (2 per semester, maximum of 6) Practice in writing and editing articles for the campus newspaper.
Effective: Fall 2001

ENGL 129 (GH)
Shakespeare (3) A selection of the major plays studied to determine the sources of their permanent appeal. Intended for non-majors.
Effective: Spring 2003

ENGL 129H (GH)
Shakespeare (3) A selection of the major plays studied to determine the sources of their permanent appeal. Intended for non-majors.
Effective: Summer 2012

ENGL 130 (GH)
Reading Popular Texts (3) Popular texts (printed, visual, and aural texts) and their social, political, and cultural significance in the contemporary world.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030H

ENGL 133 (GH)
Modern American Literature to World War II (3) Cather, Eliot, Frost, Faulkner, Fitzgerald, Hemingway, Hurston, Wharton, Wright, and other writers representative of the years between the world wars.
Effective: Spring 2002

ENGL 134 (GH)
American Comedy (3) Studies in American comedy and satire, including such writers as Mark Twain, Faulkner, Vonnegut, Ellison, O'Connor, Welty, and Heller.
Effective: Spring 2003

ENGL 135 (AM ST 135) (GH;US)
Alternative Voices in American Literature (3) United States writers from diverse backgrounds offering varying responses to issues such as race, class, gender, and ethnicity.
Effective: Fall 2013

ENGL 135S (GH;US)
Alternative Voices in American Literature (3) United States writers from diverse backgrounds offering varying responses to issues such as race, class, gender, and ethnicity.
Effective: Summer 2005

ENGL 136 (GH)
The Graphic Novel (3) The graphic novel as a literary and visual form (produced primarily in English).
Effective: Summer 2010

ENGL 139 (AF AM 139) (GH;US)
Black American Literature (3) Fiction, poetry, and drama, including such writers as Baldwin, Douglass, Ellison, Morrison, and Wright.
Effective: Fall 2013

ENGL 139S (GH;US)
Black American Literature (3) Fiction, poetry, and drama, including such writers as Baldwin, Douglass, Ellison, Morrison, and Wright.
Effective: Fall 2006

ENGL 139U (GH;US)
Black American Literature (3) Fiction, poetry, and drama, including such writers as Baldwin, Douglass, Ellison, Morrison, and Wright.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 140 (GH)
Contemporary Literature (3) Writers such as Baldwin, Beckett, Bellow, Ellison, Gordimer, Lessing, Lowell, Mailer, Naipaul, Pinter, Plath, Pynchon, Rushdie, and Walker.
Effective: Spring 2003

ENGL 145 (GH;IL)
Modern Irish Literature (3) Irish literature in the twentieth century and beyond; focus on the interplay of poltical, social, and cultural, forces on literature.
Effective: Spring 2007

ENGL 180 (GH)
Literature and the Natural World (3) Literary representations of the natural world, focusing on English language traditions.
Effective: Spring 2003

ENGL 182A (GH;US;IL)
Literature and Empire (3) Literature written in English from countries that were once part of European empires, e.g., India, Canada, South Africa, and others.
Effective: Summer 2005

ENGL 182C (GH;IL)
Literature and Empire (3) Literature written in English from countries that were once part of European empires, e.g., India, Canada, South Africa, and others.
Effective: Summer 2005

ENGL 184 (CMLIT 184) (GH;IL)
The Short Story (3) Lectures, discussion, readings in translation, with primary emphasis on major writers of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Effective: Spring 2006

ENGL 184S (GH;IL)
The Short Story (3) Lectures, discussion, readings in translation, with primary emphasis on major writers of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Effective: Spring 2006

ENGL 184U (GH;IL)
The Short Story (3) Lectures, discussion, readings in translation, with primary emphasis on major writers of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

ENGL 185 (CMLIT 185) (GH;IL)
World Novel (3) Development of the modern novel in the last century (outside the British Isles and the United States); lectures, discussions, readings in translation.
Effective: Spring 2011

ENGL 189 (CMLIT 189) (GH;IL)
Modern Drama (3) Playwrights who set the world's stage for twentieth-century drama; issues that continue to shape the contemporary theatrical world.
Effective: Spring 2011

ENGL 191 (GH)
Science Fiction (3) Science fiction as the literature of technological innovation and social change--its development, themes, and problems.
Effective: Summer 1995

ENGL 192 (GH)
The Literature of Fantasy (3) Literature(s) of fantasy from early forms through a variety of contemporary traditions.
Effective: Spring 2011

ENGL 194 (WMNST 194) (GH;US;IL)
Women Writers (3) Short stories, novels, poetry, drama, and essays by English, American, and other English-speaking women writers.
Effective: Summer 2005

ENGL 194S (GH;US;IL)
Women Writers (3) Short stories, novels, poetry, drama, and essays by English, American, and other English-speaking women writers.
Effective: Summer 2005

ENGL 196 (AM ST 196, AMSTD 196) (GH;US)
Introduction to American Folklore (3) A basic introduction to verbal and nonverbal folklore stressing the basic procedures of collection, classification, and analysis.
Effective: Summer 2005

ENGL 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

ENGL 197A
Writing Practicum for Multilingual Writers (3) This course further develops skills acquired in ENGL 015, including instruction in the conventions and demands of college writing.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 197A
Hollywood's Golden Age (1) Through weekly mandatory screenings of classic Hollywood film, students will learn how Hollywood has helped to create the American experience.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

ENGL 197H
Shakespeare: Text and Performance (1) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 198
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1992

ENGL 199 (IL)
Foreign Study--English (3-6) Studies in English language and/or literature.
Effective: Summer 2005

ENGL 200
Introduction to Critical Reading (3) Responses to a variety of literary texts written in English that evoke different approaches.
Effective: Fall 1991
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 200W
Introduction to Critical Reading (3) Responses to a variety of literary texts written in English that evoke different approaches.
Effective: Fall 2001
Prerequisite: 6 credits of ENGL ENLSH or LIT

ENGL 201 (GH)
What is Literature (3) Acquaints students with theory and practice relevant to studies of narrative, lyric poetry, and drama.
Effective: Summer 2006
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 201H (GH)
What is Literature (3) Acquaints students with theory and practice relevant to studies of narrative, lyric poetry, and drama.
Effective: Summer 2012
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 209
Journal or Magazine Practicum (1-6 per semester/maximum of 8) A practicum in the editing and publishing of a magazine or journal.
Effective: Fall 2007

ENGL 210
The Process of Writing (3) Examination of the relation between fiction and nonfiction; practice in principles common to all writing.
Effective: Fall 1985
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 212
Introduction to Fiction Writing (3) Written exercises and short readings in the elements of fiction writing; the writing of at least one short story.
Effective: Fall 1985
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 213
Introduction to Poetry Writing (3) Written exercises in the components and techniques of poetry writing in conjunction with selected readings.
Effective: Fall 1985
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 215
Introduction to Article Writing (3) Written exercises in, and a study of, the principles of article writing; practice in the writing of specific articles.
Effective: Fall 1985
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 221
British Literature to 1798 (3) Introduction to literary history and analysis; Beowulf and writers such as Chaucer, Shakespeare, Donne, Milton, Swift, Pope, and Fielding.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 221W
British Literature to 1798 (3) Introduction to literary history and analysis. Beowulf and writers such as Chaucer, Shakespeare, Donne, Milton, Swift, Pope, and Fielding.
Effective: Summer 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 222
British Literature from 1798 (3) Introduction to literary history and analysis; writers such as Austen, Wordsworth, Keats, Browning, Dickens, The Brontes, Yeats, Joyce, and Woolf.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 222W
British Literature from 1798 (3) Introduction to literary history and analysis. Writers such as Austen, Wordsworth, Keats, Browning, Dickens, the Brontes, Yeats, Joyce, and Woolf.
Effective: Summer 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 226 (LTNST 226) (GH;US;IL)
Latina and Latino Border Theories (3) English 226 will constitute a wide-ranging examination of contemporary texts (1960-present) central to the construction of contemporary Latino/a culture.
Effective: Spring 2007

ENGL 231
American Literature to 1865 (3) Introduction to literary history and analysis; writers such as Bradstreet, Franklin, Emerson, Hawthorne, Douglass, Thoreau, Fuller, Melville, Whitman, and Dickinson.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 231W
American Literature to 1865 (3) Introduction to literary history and analysis. Writers such as Bradstreet, Franklin, Emerson, Hawthorne, Douglass, Thoreau, Fuller, Melville, Whitman, and Dickinson.
Effective: Summer 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 232
American Literature from 1865 (3) Introduction to literary history and analysis; writers such as Mark Twain, James, Cather, Frost, O'Neill, Faulkner, Hemingway, Hughes, and Morrison.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 232W
American Literature from 1865 (3) Introduction to literary history and analysis. Writers such as Mark Twain, James, Cather, Frost, O'Neill, Faulkner, Hemingway, Hughes, and Morrison.
Effective: Summer 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 233 (CHEM 233) (GH;GN)
Chemistry and Literature (3) Exploration of key concepts of chemistry, the reciprocal influence of chemistry and literature through history, and the relationship of science to society, culture, and values.
Effective: Spring 2006

ENGL 235 (AF AM 235) (US)
African-American Oral Folk Tradition (3) The origins, forms, and function of the oral folk tradition of African Americans.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 240
Exploring Literary Traditions (3 per semester, maximum of 6) The examination of specific literary traditions in English-language texts and an inquiry into the question of tradition itself. (Section subtitles may appear in the Schedule of Courses.)
Effective: Fall 1997
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 250
Peer Tutoring in Writing (3) Introduction to skills and attitudes required for successful peer tutoring in writing. Provides internship experience in a writing center.
Effective: Spring 1987
Prerequisite: ENGL 202A ENGL 202B ENGL 202C or ENGL 202D ; approval of department

ENGL 261
Exploring Literary Forms (3 per semester/maximum of 6) The examination of specific genres in English-language texts and an inquiry into the question of genre itself. (Section subtitles may appear in the Schedule of Courses.)
Effective: Fall 1997
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 262 (GH)
Reading Fiction (3) Elements of fiction including plot, character, viewpoint, and fictional genres in British, American, and other English-language traditions.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 263 (GH)
Reading Poetry (3) Elements of poetry including meter, rhyme, image, diction, and poetic forms in British, American, and other English-language traditions.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 265 (GH)
Reading Nonfiction (3) Forms of nonfictional prose such as autobiography, biography, essay, letter, memoir, oration, travelogue in British, American, and other English-language traditions.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 268 (GH)
Reading Drama (3) Elements of drama including plot, character, dialogue, staging, and dramatic forms in British, American, and other English-language traditions.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 268H (GH)
Reading Drama (3) Elements of drama including plot, character, dialogue, staging, and dramatic forms in British, American, and other English-language traditions.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 281
Television Script Writing (3) An introduction to the writing of scripts for television production.
Effective: Summer 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 294
Research Topics (1-12) Individual or small group instruction.
Effective: Spring 2001

ENGL 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Spring 2001

ENGL 296A
Danish Literature in Translation (3) The course will study five literary works by Danish writers. The coruse will have quizzes and three essays; two critical and one travel-related.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 296B
Science Writing Lab (1-6) This one-credit writing intensive course will require the stuent to analyze an array of scientific phenomina. Technical and science writing (invluding visual aids and statistics) expected.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

ENGL 297A
Sports/Ethics/Literature (3) This course explores what sports can tell us about the cultures that promote them.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 297A
Walden (1) "How many a man has dated a new era in his life from the reading of a book?" Here is your chance to focus on a literary classic--just one great book for the whoel class. In this one-credit class, meeting once a week for the first ten weeks of the semester, we'll read Walden, Henry Thoreau's account of his two-year stay in a cabin he built himself by the side of Walden Pond. This is a book that is widely recognized as the most important work of nature writing, the book that essentially has come to define the genre. It is a book that changes lives, like a kid of scripture. You'll find out where Thoreau lived (and what he lived for), how much it cost him to build his cabin (and to live in it), and what he has to say about the meaning and purpose of life. All this, and transcendentalism, too!
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

ENGL 297B
Eating Your Ecology: Current Trends in Food Writing and Environmentalism (3) This course aims to bring you closer to your food, intellectually and literally.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 297C (MUSIC 297C)
The Nature of Sound/The Sound of Nature (3) This course explores the relationship between human hearing and the idea of "nature" from the late-nineteenth century to the present.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 297D
Londong Calling: Ordering the World - the Trip (0.5) This course will take students on an 8-day exploration of London and surrounding areas. Students will be expected to attend all scheduled visits and to act as responsible representatives of Penn State Altoona while abroad. Students will also be asked to compose short writings during the trip that respond to our site visits and to write a final evaluative paper after the trip.
Effective: Summer 2014 Ending: Summer 2014Future: Summer 2014

ENGL 297D
Londong Calling: Ordering the World - the Preparation (0.5) This course will prepare students for their 8-day exploration of London and surrounding areas. The preparation will cover travel tips, information about the sites that will be visited, and discussions of how to get the most out of this trip; students will be responsible for researching some of the sites that will be visited.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 297H (US)
Rhetoric of the Civil Rights Movement (3) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 298
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1992

ENGL 298H
Special Topics: Literacy Corps Service (1) Earn literacy volunteer certification by completing 40 hours of service as a literacy volunteer tutor to adults.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

ENGL 300M
Honors Course in English (3-12) Reading, group discussions, and oral and written reports on various specific authors and literary works.
Effective: Fall 1997
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030 ; approval of the departmental Honors Committee

ENGL 301M
Honors Seminar in English: Literature Before 1800 (3-12) Reading, group discussions, and oral and written reports on various specific authors and literary works.
Effective: Fall 2005
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030 ; approval of the departmental Honors Committee

ENGL 302M
Honors Seminar in English: Literature After 1800 (3-12) Reading, group discussions, and oral and written reports on various specific authors and literary works.
Effective: Fall 2005
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030 ; approval of the departmental Honors Committee

ENGL 303M
Honors Seminar in English: American Literature & Culture (3-12) Reading, group discussions, and oral and written reports on various specific authors and literary works.
Effective: Fall 2005
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030 ; approval of the departmental Honors Committee

ENGL 304M
Honors Seminar in English: Creative Writing (3-12) Reading, group discussions, and oral and written reports on various specific authors and literary works.
Effective: Fall 2005
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030 ; approval of the departmental Honors Committee

ENGL 310H
Honors Thesis in English (3) Research paper or creative project on a topic approved by the Departmental Honors Committee.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: 9 credits of ENGL 300H

ENGL 311
The Canon and Its Critics (3) History and formation of literary canons, and challenges to canon ideology by writers and critics, through readings in English and American literature.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030H

ENGL 312
Globality and Literature (3) Examines relationships between literature and culture, through the study of major texts in English by writers of various cultures.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030H

ENGL 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

ENGL 397
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1992

ENGL 398
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1992

ENGL 399 (IL)
Foreign Study--English (3-6) Advanced studies in English language and/or literature.
Effective: Summer 2005

ENGL 400
Authors, Texts, Contexts (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Styles, cultural milieus, critical perspectives toward particular English- language authors and/or movements they represent, and the idea of authorship. (Section subtitles may appear in the Schedule of Courses.)
Effective: Fall 1997
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 401
Studies in Genre (3 per semester, maximum of 6) English-language texts exemplifying particular genres, with attention to critical theories, historical development, rhetorical strategies, and social, cultural, and aesthetic values. (Section subtitles may appear in the Schedule of Courses.)
Effective: Fall 1997
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 401W
Creative Writing Theory (3) Theories of art and creativity which inform the making of literary works.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: ENGL 200 ; ELISH 201 ELISH 209 ENGL 212 or ENGL 213

ENGL 402
Literature and Society (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Texts confronting social, political, technological, or other issues in the English-speaking world. (Section subtitles may appear in the Schedule of Courses.)
Effective: Fall 1997
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 403
Literature and Culture (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Historical, theoretical, and practical issues within cultural studies in relation to English-speaking texts. (Section subtitles may appear in the Schedule of Courses.)
Effective: Fall 1997
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 404
Mapping Identity, Difference, and Place (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Ethnicity, gender, class, race with reference to theoretical inquiry into identity, difference, and place in English-language literatures. (Section subtitles may appear in the Schedule of Courses.)
Effective: Fall 1997
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 405
Taking Shakespeare From Page to Stage (3) Students experience a Shakespeare play as a text to be explicated and as a script to be performed.
Effective: Summer 2003
Prerequisite: permission of program

ENGL 407
History of the English Language (3) Historical and structural study of developments in English sounds, forms, inflections, syntax, derivations, and meanings.
Effective: Spring 1987
Prerequisite: ENGL 100 ; ENGL 202A ENGL 202B ENGL 202C or ENGL 202D

ENGL 409
Composition Theory and Practice for Teachers (3) An overview of the theory and practice of writing for teachers, with emphasis on the writing process.
Effective: Summer 2000
Prerequisite: permission of the program

ENGL 412
Advanced Fiction Writing (3 per semester/maximum of 6) Advanced study of the techniques of fiction writing; regular practice in writing the short story; group discussion of student work.
Effective: Spring 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 212 and permission of the department

ENGL 413
Advanced Poetry Writing (3 per semester/maximum of 6) Advanced study of the techniques of poetic composition; regular practice in writing poetry; group discussion of student work.
Effective: Fall 2013
Prerequisite: ENGL 213

ENGL 414
Biographical Writing (3) Writing of biography and autobiography, character sketches, "profiles," and literary portraits; analysis and interpretations of source materials.
Effective: Spring 1987
Prerequisite: ENGL 200 ENGL 202B ENGL 210 ENGL 212 or ENGL 215

ENGL 415
Advanced Nonfiction Writing (3 per semester/maximum of 6) Advanced study of the principles of nonfiction; substantial practice in writing and submitting magazine articles for publication.
Effective: Spring 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 215 and permission of the department

ENGL 416
Science Writing (3 per semester/maximum of 6) Prepares scientists and writers to gather, interpret, and present scientific information to the layman with clarity and accuracy.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: COMM 260W ENGL 202C ENGL 210 ENGL 215 or ENGL 421

ENGL 417
The Editorial Process (3) The process of editing from typescript through final proof.
Effective: Summer 2011
Prerequisite: ENGL 202A ENGL 202B ENGL 202C ENGL 202D ENGL 210 ENGL 215

ENGL 418
Advanced Technical Writing and Editing (3 per semester/maximum of 6) Preparing and editing professional papers for subject specialists and for others interested in careers as writers or editors.
Effective: Fall 1987
Prerequisite: ENGL 202A ENGL 202B ENGL 202C ENGL 202D or ENGL 215

ENGL 419
Advanced Business Writing (3) Preparing and editing reports and presentations common to business, industry, and government.
Effective: Fall 1987
Prerequisite: ENGL 202A ENGL 202B ENGL 202C or ENGL 202D

ENGL 420
Writing for the Web (3) Analysis and composition of informative, persuasive, and "creative" Web texts, based on rhetorical principles; no prior Web writing experience required.
Effective: Spring 2002
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 421
Advanced Expository Writing (3) Develops skill in writing expository essays, with particular attention to style. Intended for liberal arts majors.
Effective: Spring 1987
Prerequisite: ENGL 202A ENGL 202B ENGL 202C or ENGL 202D

ENGL 422
Fiction Workshop (3 per semester/maximum of 6) Practice and criticism in the composition of the short story and the novel.
Effective: Spring 1985
Prerequisite: ENGL 412

ENGL 423
Poetry Writing Workshop (3 per semester/maximum of 6) Extensive practice in writing poetry; consideration of contemporary poetic forms; selected readings.
Effective: Spring 1985
Prerequisite: ENGL 413

ENGL 425
Nonfiction Workshop (3 per semester/maximum of 6) Extensive writing of nonfiction for publication; an introduction to the principles of writing the nonfiction book.
Effective: Spring 1985
Prerequisite: ENGL 415

ENGL 426 (LTNST 426) (US)
Chicana and Chicano Cultural Production: Literature, Film, Music (3) An in-depth study of Chicana/Chicano literature, film, and music from the inception of the Chicano Movement (1965-1975) to the present.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: 3 credits in English

ENGL 428 (AAS 428) (US)
Asian American Literatures (3 per semester/maximum of 6) A seminar on the literatures and cultures of Asian America, with attention to forms of geographic, historical, and ethnic diversity.
Effective: Summer 2010

ENGL 429 (CMLIT 429)
New Media and Literature (3) New media literary genres; critical discussion of creative works in digital media.
Effective: Summer 2010

ENGL 430
The American Renaissance (3) Studies in the works and the interrelationships of writers such as Emerson, Hawthorne, Poe, Thoreau, Whitman, Melville, and Dickinson.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 431 (AM ST 475) (US)
Black American Writers (3 per semester, maximum of 6) A particular genre or historical period in the development of Black American literature.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 432
The American Novel to 1900 (3) Such writers as Hawthorne, Melville, Stowe, Mark Twain, James, Crane, Chopin, and others.
Effective: Spring 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 433
The American Novel: 1900-1945 (3) Such writers as Wharton, Dreiser, Cather, Fitzgerald, Faulkner, Hemingway, Hurston, Wright, and others.
Effective: Spring 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 434 (AM ST 472)
Topics in American Literature (3 per semester) Focused study of a particular genre, theme, or problem in American literature. (May be repeated for credit.)
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 6 credits of ENGL ENLSH or LIT

ENGL 435
The American Short Story (3) Development of the short story as a recognized art form, with emphasis on major writers.
Effective: Spring 1984
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 436
American Fiction Since 1945 (3) Representative fiction by such writers as Barth, Bellow, Ellison, Heller, Mailer, Morrison, Nabokov, Oates, O'Connor, Pynchon, Updike, Walker.
Effective: Spring 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 437
The Poet in America (3) American poets such as Bradstreet, Taylor, Poe, Emerson, Whitman, Dickinson, Frost, Eliot, Stevens, Hughes, Brooks, Moore, Williams, Plath, Rich, Lowell.
Effective: Spring 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 438
American Drama (3) Development from the colonial period to playwrights such as O'Neill, Wilder, Hellman, Miller, Williams, Albee, Shepard, Norman, Wilson, and others.
Effective: Spring 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 439
American Nonfiction Prose (3) Major prose writers such as Franklin, Emerson, Thoreau, Fuller, Henry Adams, Mailer, Baldwin, McCarthy, Dillard, Didion, Angelou, and others.
Effective: Spring 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 440
Studies in Shakespeare (3) Intensive study of a single genre, topic, or critical approach to selected plays.
Effective: Summer 1991
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 441
Chaucer (3) The principal narrative poems and their background.
Effective: Spring 1984
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 442
Medieval English Literature (3) Study of major works and genres of medieval English literature, exclusive of Chaucer.
Effective: Spring 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 443
The English Renaissance (3) Such writers as More, Sidney, Spenser, Shakespeare, Donne, Jonson, Bacon, and Marvell.
Effective: Spring 1984
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 444
Shakespeare (3) Selected tragedies, comedies, and histories.
Effective: Spring 1984
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 445
Shakespeare's Contemporaries (3) Selected plays by Shakespeare's major predecessors and contemporaries: Kyd, Marlowe, Jonson, Webster, Marston, Middleton, and others.
Effective: Spring 1984
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 446
Milton (3) Analysis of principal poems and their background.
Effective: Spring 1984
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 447
The Restoration and the Eighteenth Century (3) The neoclassical age (1660-1776). Such writers as Dryden, Congreve, Swift, Pope, Fielding, Goldsmith, Sheridan, Boswell, Johnson.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 448
The English Novel to Jane Austen (3) Novelists such as Defoe, Richardson, Fielding, Smollett, Sterne, and Austen.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 450
The Romantics (3) Poets such as Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Keats, Shelley, and Byron; also prose by writers such as Hazlitt, Lamb, and DeQuincey.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 451
Literary Modernism in English (3) Survey of literary modernism in English and English translation in a variety of genres, including poetry, fiction, and drama.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030 ; ENGL 200 ELISH 300 or ELISH 301

ENGL 452
The Victorians (3) Poets such as Tennyson, Browning, Arnold, and Hopkins; also prose by writers such as Carlyle, Mill, Ruskin, and Arnold.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 453
Victorian Novel (3) Novelists such as the Brontes, Thackeray, Dickens, George Eliot, Meredith, and Hardy.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 454
Modern British and Irish Drama (3) From Wilde and Shaw to the present season.
Effective: Fall 2004
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 455
Topics in British Literature (3) Focused study of a particular genre, theme, or problem in British literature. (May be repeated for credit.)
Effective: Fall 2001
Prerequisite: 6 credits of ENGL ENLSH or LIT

ENGL 456
British Fiction, 1900-1945 (3) Major writers such as Conrad, Lawrence, Mansfield, Forster, Joyce, Woolf, Waugh, Greene, Bowen, Beckett, and others.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 457
British Fiction Since 1945 (3) Readings in British fiction since World War II.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 458
Twentieth-Century Poetry (3) Poets writing in English such as Yeats, Pound, Eliot, Frost, Auden, Stevens, Plath, Bishop, Brooks, H.D., and others.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 461 (US)
The Vernacular Roots of African American Literature (3) The relationship between oral tradition and literary texts and the double consciousness of African American voice in "print."
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 462 (WMNST 462) (US)
Reading Black, Reading Feminist (3) Female identity and its construction in textual representations of gender, class, color, and cultural difference in English-language literatures.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 463 (US)
African American Autobiography (3) The African American literary quest for identity and its adaptation to Euro-American culture and autobiographies.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 466 (US)
African American Novel I (3) Thematic, structural, and stylistic characteristics of the African American novel from residually oral forms to satiric realism.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 467 (US)
African American Novel II (3) Thematic, stylistic, and structural characteristics of the African American novel from naturalism to modernism and postmodernism.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 468 (US)
African American Poetry (3) African American poetry within the contexts of the black oral tradition and transformed European literary tradition.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 469 (AF AM 469) (US)
Slavery and the Literary Imagination (3) The impact of slavery on the petitions, poetry, slave narratives, autobiographies, and novels of African Americans.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 470
Rhetorical Theory and Practice (3) Application of certain rhetorical principles to problems in composition. Writing exercise. Designed as preparation for the teaching of composition.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 471
Rhetorical Traditions (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Introduces major traditions of rhetorical inquiry and their relevance for English studies. (Section subtitles may appear in the Schedule of Courses.)
Effective: Fall 1997
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 472
Current Theories of Writing and Reading (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Investigates models of textual production and reception current within English studies. (Section subtitles may appear in the Schedule of Courses.)
Effective: Fall 1997
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 473
Rhetorical Approaches to Discourse (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Practices the criticism of written texts from selected rhetorical perspectives. (Section subtitles may appear in the Schedule of Courses.)
Effective: Fall 1997
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 474
Issues in Rhetoric and Composition (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Examines selected topics in the field of rhetoric and composition. (Section subtitles may appear in the Schedule of Courses.)
Effective: Fall 1997
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 477
Teaching Children's Literature (3) Teaching Children's Literature in light of recent literary pedagogy, the history of childhood, and critical approaches to Children's Literature.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: ENGL 202

ENGL 479
Business or Technical Writing Practicum (1-3) Practical experience applying business or technical writing principles, working with advanced business, science, or engineering students on classroom projects.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: Prerequisite or concurrent: ENGL 418 or ENGL 419

ENGL 480
Communication Design for Writers (3) This course explores visual design, non-verbal communication, and software packages used in professional settings to most effectively present written communications.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030 ; ENGL 202A ENGL 202B ENGL 202C or ENGL 202D ; 7th semester standing or higher

ENGL 481
Literary Theory: Historical Perspectives (3) Selected topics in the history of literary criticism and theory within the English-language tradition.
Effective: Summer 1994
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 482
Contemporary Literary Theory and Practice (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Contemporary literary theories and their implication for critical practice as applied to British, American, and other English-language literary works.
Effective: Summer 1992
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 OR ENGL 030

ENGL 482W
Contemporary Literary and Cultural Theory (3) Contemporary literary and cultural theories and their implication for critical practice as applies to a variety of texts, e.g. literary, linguistic, visual, multimedia, and/or popular.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030H ; ENGL 200

ENGL 483
Problems in Critical Theory and Practice (3) Intensive study of one or more recent theoretical approaches as applied to British, American, and other English-language literary works.
Effective: Summer 1994
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 485
Australian and New Zealand Literature and Culture (3) Questions of nationality, identity, gender, race, class, colonialism, and postcolonialism in these literatures.
Effective: Summer 1995
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 486 (IL)
The World Novel in English (3) Studies in the novel, written in English, by writers outside of the United States and Great Britain.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: ENGL 002 ; ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 487W
Senior Seminar (3) Issues, themes, periods, critical theories, etc., that invite students to use prior English studies, limited to seniors majoring in English.
Effective: Summer 1997
Prerequisite: six credits of 400-level courses in English

ENGL 488 (CMLIT 488) (IL)
Modern Continental Drama (3) From Ibsen to the drama of today: Strindberg, Chekhov, Hauptmann, Pirandello, Ionesco, Beckett, Genet, and others.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 489 (WMNST 489)
British Women Writers (3) A study of selected British women writers.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: 6 credits of ENGL

ENGL 490 (WMNST 490) (US;IL)
Women Writers and Their Worlds (3) American and British literature written from the perspective of women.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 491
The Capstone Course in Professional Writing (3) This culminating course for Professional Writing majors concentrates on reflective analyses, design, and presentation of documents in the development of professional portfolios.
Effective: Summer 2004
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030 ; ENGL 202A ENGL 202B ENGL 202C or ENGL 202D ;seventh-semester standing or higher; enrollment in Professional Writing major

ENGL 492 (AM ST 476, WMNST 491)
American Women Writers (3) A study of selected American women writers.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: 6 credits of ENGL

ENGL 493 (AM ST 493)
The Folktale in American Literature (3) A survey of the literary uses of the folktale and legendary materials, with particular concentration on the literature of America.
Effective: Spring 1986
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 494
Senior Thesis in English (1-6) Senior English (ELISH) majors write a thesis arranged with in-charge person and submit it to a faculty committee for appraisal.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: seventh-semester standing

ENGL 494H
Senior Thesis in English (1-6) Senior English (ELISH) majors write a thesis arranged with in-charge person and submit it to a faculty committee for appraisal.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: seventh-semester standing

ENGL 495
Internship (3-12) Supervised practicum in fields appropriate to the English major.
Effective: Spring 2001

ENGL 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

ENGL 496A
Literature and Culture (1-6) Requires use of sophisticated writing, editing and page design software to create web archive on a literary period or movement.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 496B
Grant Writing in the Arts (1-6) Focus on how nonprofits and institutes promote and protect. The arts can use grant writing as an essential tool to raise capital and enhance their profiles. Case studies and writing assignments.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 496C
Shakespeare and the English Renaissance (1-6) This course will examine Shakespeare on the page and stage. Semester paper and reception history project. Emphasis on research methods and performance media.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 496H
Literature and Culture (1-6) Requires use of sophisticated writing, editing and page design software to create web archive on a literary period or movement.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

ENGL 496H
Creative Fiction (3) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

ENGL 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

ENGL 497A
American Civil War Archival Research (3) Course will focus on producting a soldier's perpsective of conditions and events of the Civil War by transcribing a diary of a Civil war soldier researching events mentioned in the diary.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 497A
Words and Images: Artists and Writers Collaborate (3) Students consider the artist's book as a form and locate it within the context of contemporary writing and visual art.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

ENGL 497B
London Calling: Ordering the World - The Trip (0.5) This course will take students on an 8-day exploration of London and surrounding areas. Students will be expected to attend all scheduled visits and to act as responsible representatives of Penn State Altoona while abroad. Students will also be asked to compose short writings during the trip that respond to our site visits and to write a final evaluative paper after the trip.
Effective: Summer 2014 Ending: Summer 2014Future: Summer 2014

ENGL 497B
London Calling: Ordering the World - The Preparation (0.5) This course will prepare students for their 8-day exploration of London and surrounding areas. The preparation will cover travel tips, information about the sites that will be visited, and discussions of how to get the most out of this trip; students will be responsible for researching some of the sites that will be visited.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

ENGL 498
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1992

ENGL 499 (IL)
Foreign Study--English (3-6) Studies abroad in English language and/or literature.
Effective: Summer 2005

ENVST 424 (ENGL 424)
Creative Writing and the Natural World (3) Creative writing workshop focused on the environment and related issues.
Effective: Summer 2011
Prerequisite: ENGL 050 or ENVST 100

FR 083S (GH;IL)
First-Year Seminar in French (3) Critical approaches to the dimensions and directions in French/Francophone literatures and cultures.
Effective: Summer 2005

FR 111
Elementary French (6) Acquisition of basic skills in the active use of French: listening, speaking, reading, and writing.
Effective: Fall 1983

FR 121G
Fundamentals of Reading French (3) Instruction in fundamental skills required for reading expository French prose, primarily for research purposes. (This course may not be used to satisfy any baccalaureate degree requirements. No graduate credit is given for this course.)
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: seventh-semester standing

FR 122G
Practice in Reading French (3) Development and reinforcement of basic reading skills, with emphasis on the individual student's area of research. (This course may not be used to satisfy any baccalaureate degree requirements. No graduate credit is given for this course.)
Effective: Fall 1984
Prerequisite: FR 121G

FR 137 (GH;IL)
Paris: Anatomy of a City (3) Survey of the cultural, artistic, literary, and social life of the city of Paris from Gallo-Roman times to the present.
Effective: Summer 2005

FR 138 (GH)
French Culture Through Film (3) Introduction to French culture through film by French and francophone directors examining gender, ethnicity, and global issues. Taught in English.
Effective: Spring 2002

FR 139 (GH;IL)
France and the French-speaking World (3) An introduction to the culture of France and its impact on the world.
Effective: Summer 2005

FR 141 (IL)
Cultural Tradition in French Cuisine (3) A study of French culture in English, emphasizing the French gastronomical traditions in literature and civilization.
Effective: Spring 2006

FR 142 (GH)
French and Francophone Literatures in Translation (3) An introduction to the literature of France and French-speaking countries.
Effective: Spring 2004

FR 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1992

FR 199 (IL)
Foreign Study--French (1-12) Intensive postintermediate grammar review, with emphasis on oral skills and vocabulary building.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: FR 003

FR 202 (IL)
Grammar and Composition (3) Grammar review and writing of short essays.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: FR 003

FR 202U (IL)
Grammar and Composition (3) Grammar review and writing of short essays.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: FR 003

FR 270 (WMNST 270)
Race and Gender in Literature Translated from French (3) A critical presentation, taught in English, of changing ideas and values on race and gender in French and Francophone literatures.
Effective: Spring 2005

FR 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

FR 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1982

FR 296A
Conversational French (1-6) Emphasis on oral skills and reading comprehension.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: FR 003

FR 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1982

FR 331 (IL)
French Culture and Civilization I (3) French history and culture from the Middle Ages until the French Revolution.
Effective: Summer 2006
Prerequisite: FR 201 FR 202

FR 332 (IL)
French Culture and Civilization II (3) French history and culture from the French Revolution through the Third Republic.
Effective: Summer 2006
Prerequisite: FR 201 FR 202

FR 351 (IL)
Introduction to French Literature I (3) Introduction to close textual reading and analysis of selected works of French literature from the middle ages to 1789.
Effective: Summer 2013
Prerequisite: FR 201 FR 202

FR 352 (IL)
Introduction to French Literature II (3) Introduction to close textual reading and analysis of selected works of French Literature from 1789 to the present.
Effective: Summer 2013
Prerequisite: FR 201 FR 202

FR 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996

FR 399 (IL)
Foreign Study--French (3-12) Advanced training in the French language skills.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: FR 201 FR 202

FR 402Y (IL)
Advanced Grammar and Writing (3) Advanced study of the structure of the French language. Intensive essay writing.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: FR 201 FR 202

FR 407 (IL)
Business Writing in French (3) Common forms of business communication; writing of reports and abstracts.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: FR 331 or FR 332

FR 409 (IL)
Commercial and Technical Translation (3) Translation from English to French of commercial and technical materials; vocabulary building; writing of abstracts and summaries.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: FR 402Y

FR 410 (IL)
French Press (3) Extensive readings of selected french daily and weekly newspapers and magazines, along with newscast viewings.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: FR 331 or FR 332

FR 417 (IL)
French Phonology (3) A formal study of the sound pattern of French.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: FR 201 FR 202

FR 418 (IL)
French Syntax (3) A formal theory of word order and related issues in French grammar.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: FR 201 and FR 202

FR 422 (IL)
Old French Literature (3) Medieval masterpieces in original and modern French versions.
Effective: Fall 2006
Prerequisite: FR 351 or FR 352

FR 426Y (IL)
French Literature of the Renaissance (3) Survey of key texts from sixteenth century France, with attention to historical and philosophical currents of French social thought.
Effective: Fall 2006
Prerequisite: FR 351 or FR 352

FR 430 (IL)
Contemporary France (3) Study of contemporary French society, politics, and culture from 1870 to the present.
Effective: Summer 2013

FR 436Y (IL)
Readings in Seventeenth-Century French Literature (3) Baroque and classicism: reappraisal of major and lesser-known 17th-century texts and theories.
Effective: Fall 2006
Prerequisite: FR 351 or FR 352

FR 440 (IL)
Teaching of Romance Languages (3) Theories of second language acquisition. Current classroom practices in the teaching of Romance languages.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 15 credits beyond the elementary level

FR 445Y (IL)
Self and Society in Eighteenth-Century France (3) The changing relationship of the individual to society in pre-Revolutionary France will be explored in texts by major writers.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: FR 351 . Prerequisite or concurrent: FR 352

FR 452Y (IL)
Nineteenth-Century French Literature (3) Selected readings in romanticism, realism, and symbolism, including Balzac, Stendhal, Sand, Baudelaire, and others, with emphasis on cultural issues.
Effective: Fall 2006
Prerequisite: FR 351 or FR 352

FR 453Y (IL)
La Belle Epoque: Politics, Society, and Culture in France, 1880-1914 (3) Interdisciplinary perspectives on the politics, society, and culture of France, 1880-1914.
Effective: Summer 2013
Prerequisite: FR 351 or FR 352

FR 458 (IL)
African Literature of French Expression (3) Genesis of Franco-African literature in the 1930s; phases of the negritude movement; colonial and national literature.
Effective: Fall 2006
Prerequisite: FR 351 or FR 352

FR 460 (IL)
Contemporary French Literature (3) Major authors and movements in French novel, drama, and poetry from Proust to the present.
Effective: Fall 2006
Prerequisite: FR 351 or FR 352

FR 470 (IL)
Race and Gender Issues in Literatures in French (3) A critical presentation, taught in French, of changing ideas and values on race and gender in French and Francophone literatures.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: FR 351 or FR 352

FR 487 (IL)
Topics in French Film History and Theory I: 1895-1945 (3) Provide background needed to understand the broad outlines of French film history and theory in their first fifty years (1895-1945).
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: FR 351 and FR 352 or COMM 250

FR 488 (IL)
Topics in French Film History and Theory II: 1945-2002 (3) Provide background needed to understand the broad outlines of French film history and theory in their second half-century (1945-2002).
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: FR 351 and FR 352 or COMM 250

FR 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

FR 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

FR 495
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

FR 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

FR 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

FR 497H
Collaboration & Complicity in Occupied France (3) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

FR 499 (IL)
Foreign Study--French (3-12) Advanced studies in French language and literature.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: FR 201 FR 202

GEOG 122 (GH;US)
The American Scene (3) Historical perspectives on the social and cultural forces associated with the production of distinctive American landscapes.
Effective: Spring 2007

GER 008
Business German (4) Introduction to Business German. Students may receive credit for only one of the following: GER 003 or GER 008.
Effective: Summer 2000
Prerequisite: GER 001 GER 002

GER 083S (GH;US;IL)
First-Year Seminar in German (3) Germany's cultural past and present.
Effective: Summer 2005

GER 099 (IL)
Foreign Study--German (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

GER 100 (GH;IL)
German Culture and Civilization (3) Culture and civilization of the German people from the Germanic migrations to the Nazi period. Conducted in English.
Effective: Summer 2005

GER 143 (RUS 143) (GH;IL)
The Culture of Stalinism and Nazism (3) The culture of Stalinist Russia and Nazi Germany in comparative perspective.
Effective: Summer 2005

GER 157 (GH;US)
Pennsylvania Germans: The Culture of the Sectarians (3) Survey of the religious background, beliefs, social life, customs, education, and culture of the Pennsylvania German sectarians, especially the Amish. Conducted in English.
Effective: Summer 2005

GER 175 (GH;IL)
Germanic Heroic and Medieval Literature in English Translation (3) Germanic heroic and medieval courtly literature from 800 to 1350 focusing on the prevailing cultural, social, and legal conditions.
Effective: Spring 2006

GER 190 (GH;IL)
Twentieth-Century German Literature in English Translation (3) Works of such writers as Boll, Brecht, Durrenmatt, Frisch, Grass, Hesse, Kafka, Mann, Rilke, Weiss, and Wolf.
Effective: Spring 2006

GER 195 (GH;IL)
Modern German Drama and Theatre in English Translation (3) Plays and their stage realization by writers such as Brecht, Durrenmatt, Handke, Hauptmann, Kaiser, Schnitzler, Wedekind, and Weiss.
Effective: Spring 2006

GER 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

GER 200 (GH;IL)
Contemporary German Culture (3) Germany since WWI, its politics, economics, society, arts, and educational system in the international context; conducted in English.
Effective: Summer 2005

GER 208Y (IL)
Business German (4) Intermediate Business German.
Effective: Fall 2006
Prerequisite: GER 003 or GER 008

GER 245 (GH)
The Vikings (3) Focus on the history of the Vikings from 800 to 1400 as conveyed to us in mythology, literature, and archaeology. Conducted in English.
Effective: Spring 2005

GER 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

GER 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

GER 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1985

GER 302W
Intermediate Composition and Grammar (3) Continuation of oral and written practice in German with extensive work in composition.
Effective: Spring 2012
Prerequisite: GER 201 or GER 208

GER 310 (IL)
Introduction to the Study of German Literature (3) History, methods, and the terminology of literary interpretation and analysis in German.
Effective: Spring 2012
Prerequisite: GER 301 or GER 302W

GER 344 (IL)
Intermediate German Culture (3) An overview of German culture from the Middle Ages to the present. Conducted in German.
Effective: Spring 2012
Prerequisite: GER 301 or GER 302W

GER 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996

GER 399 (IL)
Foreign Study--German (3-12) Advanced studies in German language and/or literature.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: GER 201

GER 412 (IL)
Contrastive Analysis of Modern German and English (3) Structural comparison of the German and English grammatical systems: morphology, syntax, phonology.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: or concurrent: GER 401

GER 420 (IL)
Genre (3-9) Special studies in a particular literary genre in German literature, such as lyrical poetry, drama, or narrative prose.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: GER 310 GER 401

GER 430 (IL)
History of the German Language (3) Development of German from its earliest stages, including historical and cultural aspects.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: or concurrent: GER 401Y

GER 431 (IL)
History of German Literature and Culture I (3) Significant works of German literature before the mid-eighteenth century considered in their cultural context.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: GER 310 . Prerequisite or concurrent: GER 401

GER 432 (IL)
History of German Literature and Culture II (3) Significant works of German literature from the mid-eighteenth century to the present considered in their cultural context.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: GER 310 . Prerequisite or concurrent: GER 401

GER 440 (IL)
Seminar in German Culture (3-6) Seminar devoted to a special topic in the field of German culture and civilization.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: or concurrent: GER 401

GER 472 (IL)
Romanticism (3) A study of both early and late romanticism, including such writers as Novalis, the Schlegels, E.T.A. Hoffmann, and Heine.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: or concurrent: GER 431 or GER 432

GER 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

GER 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

GER 495
Internship (3-9) Supervised off-campus, non-group instruction including individual field experiences, practicums, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1981
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

GER 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

GER 496A
Genre: Independent Study (3) Independent study in a genre of German literature.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: GER 310 GER 401

GER 496B
Second Language Acquisition Research Methods (3) Designed for students interested in how people learn a second language and research used in the field of second language acquisition and psycholinguistics.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

GER 496C
Crime Fication (3) This course is replacing GER 420 for spring 2014. The genre being covered is Crime Fiction.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

GER 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1985

GER 499 (IL)
Foreign Study--German (3-12) Advanced studies in German language, literature, and culture.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: any 300-level course in German

GREEK 099 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

GREEK 101
Introductory Ancient Greek (4) Fundamentals of classical Greek grammar, syntax, and vocabulary.
Effective: Fall 2001

GREEK 102
Intermediate Ancient Greek (4) Intermediate study of classical Greek grammar, syntax, and vocabulary.
Effective: Fall 2001
Prerequisite: GREEK 101

GREEK 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to exlore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

GREEK 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

GREEK 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, that are supervised on an individual basis and that fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Spring 2001

GREEK 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1983

GREEK 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

GREEK 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

GREEK 397
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Spring 2001

GREEK 399 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

GREEK 401
Introductory Reading in Greek Literature (3-6) Analysis of selected passages of ancient Greek literature; attention will be paid to grammatical as well as literary details.
Effective: Summer 2011
Prerequisite: GREEK 102

GREEK 420
Greek Prose Authors (3-6) Readings in representative authors.
Effective: Summer 2011

GREEK 425
Greek Historians (3-6) Translation and study of one or more of the ancient Greek historians.
Effective: Summer 2011
Prerequisite: GREEK 102

GREEK 430
Greek Poetry (3-6) Translation and analysis of selected readings in Greek poetry.
Effective: Summer 2011
Prerequisite: GREEK 102

GREEK 440
Greek Drama (3-6) Translation and study of a selected play.
Effective: Summer 2011
Prerequisite: GREEK 102

GREEK 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

GREEK 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

GREEK 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

GREEK 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to exlore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

GREEK 499 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

HEBR 010 (J ST 010) (GH;IL)
Jewish Civilization (3) Life of the Jewish people from Biblical times, emphasizing cultural, religious, and institutional developments.
Effective: Summer 2005

HEBR 097
Special Topics (1-6) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1992

HEBR 099 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

HEBR 151 (CAMS 151, J ST 151)
Introductory Biblical Hebrew (3) Fundamentals of Biblical Hebrew grammar, syntax, and vocabulary.
Effective: Summer 2005

HEBR 152 (CAMS 152, J ST 152)
Intermediate Biblical Hebrew (3) Intermediate study of Biblical Hebrew grammar, syntax, and vocabulary.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: HEBR 151

HEBR 197
Special Topics (1-6) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1992

HEBR 199 (IL)
Foreign Study--Basic Hebrew (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

HEBR 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

HEBR 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Summer 1986

HEBR 297
Special Topics (1-6) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1983

HEBR 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

HEBR 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

HEBR 397
Special Topics (1-6) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1992

HEBR 399 (IL)
Foreign Study--Intermediate Hebrew (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

HEBR 401
Advanced Hebrew--Conversation Emphasis (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Development of oral proficiency through discussions focusing on issues in contemporary Jewish culture.
Effective: Summer 2011

HEBR 402
Advanced Hebrew--Reading Emphasis (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Readings in representative works of traditional and modern literature; practice in composition; study of aspects of Jewish culture.
Effective: Summer 2011

HEBR 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

HEBR 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

HEBR 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects including research and design which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1982

HEBR 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1983

HEBR 498
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1992

HEBR 499 (IL)
Foreign Study--Advanced Hebrew (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 001 (GH;IL)
The Western Heritage I (3) A survey of the Western heritage from the ancient Mediterranean world to the dawn of modern Europe.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 001T (GH;IL)
The Western Heritage I (3) A survey of the Western heritage from the ancient Mediterranean world to the dawn of modern Europe.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 002 (GH;IL)
The Western Heritage II (3) A survey of the Western heritage from the dawn of modern Europe in the seventeenth century to the present.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 002U (GH;IL)
The Western Heritage II (3) A survey of the Western heritage from the dawn of modern Europe in the seventeenth century to the present.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

HIST 003 (GH)
The American Nation: Historical Perspectives (3) American history from discovery to the present, focusing on both racial, ethnic, and religious differences and shared traditions and ideals.
Effective: Spring 1995 Ending: Summer 2014

HIST 003 (GH;US)
The American Nation: Historical Perspectives (3) American history from discovery to the present, focusing on both racial, ethnic, and religious differences and shared traditions and ideals.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014

HIST 003U (GH;US)
The American Nation: Historical Perspectives (3) American history from discovery to the present, focusing on both racial, ethnic, and religious differences and shared traditions and ideals.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

HIST 010 (GH;IL)
World History I (3) Human origins; early civilizations; major political and intellectual developments on all continents; cultural interrelationships to 1500.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 011 (GH;IL)
World History II (3) Social, economic, and political evolution of societies and cultures from 1500 to the present.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 011U (GH;IL)
World History II (3) Social, economic, and political evolution of societies and cultures from 1500 to the present.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

HIST 012 (GH;US)
History of Pennsylvania (3) Chronological and topical survey, emphasizing immigration of diverse ethnic groups and religious, political, economic, and social developments, including industrialization and urbanization.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 020 (GH;US)
American Civilization to 1877 (3) An historical survey of the American experience from its colonial beginnings through the Civil War and Reconstruction.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 020U (GH;US)
Honors American Civilization to 1877 (3) HIST 020 is designed to introduce students to the main events and themes of American history before 1877. This course is not intended to simply acquaint the student with facts, but to teach them how to analyze those facts so that they can understand why historical events in America unfolded as they did. A larger goal of the course is to teach them how to think "historically" and to perceive the relevance of the past to the present. It is impossible to understand either yourself or your society if you cannot identify the role, which your individual and collective past plays in the construction of your actions and thoughts today. the course provides the student with a basic background in American History prior to 1877. HIST 021 chronologically follows this course by providing the student with a background in American History from 1877 to the present.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

HIST 020Y (GH;US)
American Civilization to 1877 (3) An historical survey of the American experience from its colonial beginnings through the Civil War and Reconstruction.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 021 (GH;US)
American Civilization Since 1877 (3) An historical survey of the American experience from the emergence of urban-industrial society in the late nineteenth century to the present.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 021U (GH;US)
American Civilization Since 1877 (3) An historical survey of the American experience from the emergence of urban-industrial society in the late nineteenth century to the present.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

HIST 021Y (GH;US)
American Civilization Since 1877 (3) An historical survey of the American experience from the emergence of urban-industrial society in the late nineteenth century to the present.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 083S (GH)
First-Year Seminar in History (3) Critical approaches to the dimensions and directions in History.
Effective: Summer 1999

HIST 083T (GH)
Self and Society in World Civilization to 1600 (3) Critical approaches to the dimensions and directions in History.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

HIST 100 (CAMS 100) (GH;IL)
Ancient Greece (3) Greek world from the earliest Aegean cultures to the death of Alexander the Great and the beginnings of Hellenistic civilization.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 101 (CAMS 101) (GH;IL)
The Roman Republic and Empire (3) History of the Roman Republic and Empire from the origins of Rome to the disintegration of the Empire.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 102 (CAMS 102, J ST 102, RL ST 102) (GH;IL)
Canaan and Israel in Antiquity (3) Political, social, and intellectual history of the land of Canaan/Israel in the Biblical era: Late Bronze and Iron Ages.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 103 (GH;IL)
The History of Madness, Mental Illness, and Psychiatry (3) This course will examine the ideas that have shaped European and American perceptions of madness, insanity, and mental illness.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 103U (GH;IL)
The History of Madness, Mental Illness, and Psychiatry (3) This course will examine the ideas that have shaped European and American perceptions of madness, insanity, and mental illness.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

HIST 104 (CAMS 104) (GH)
Ancient Egypt (3) The history and archaeology of ancient Egypt from the dawn of history to the Greco-Roman period.
Effective: Summer 2002

HIST 105 (GH;IL)
The Byzantine Empire (3) Development of Byzantine civilization from the decline of the Roman Empire to the fall of Constantinople.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 107 (MEDVL 107) (GH;IL)
Medieval Europe (3) Rise and development of the civilization of medieval Europe from the decline of Rome to 1500.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 108 (GH;IL)
The Crusades: Holy War in the Middle Ages (3) The social and political history of medieval religious warfare in Europe and in the Middle East.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 110 (GH;IL)
Nature and History (3) A broad introduction to the history of human relationships with nature throughout the world.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 117 (WMNST 117) (GH;US;IL)
Women in Modern History (3) Modernization and women: changing images and roles since mid-eighteenth century in the family, workshop, politics, society; cross-cultural comparisons.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 118 (J ST 118) (US;IL)
Modern Jewish History: 1492 to Present (3) Jewish social and political history from 1492 to the present.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 119 (GH;IL)
Gender and History (3) Survey of the development of gender roles in Western societies from the prehistoric era to the early modern period.
Effective: Spring 2008

HIST 121 (J ST 121) (GH;IL)
History of the Holocaust 1933-1945 (3) Historical analysis of holocaust themes.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 122 (S T S 122) (GH)
History of Science I (3) A history of science and culture from Stonehenge to the scientific revolution.
Effective: Spring 2005 Ending: Summer 2014

HIST 122 (GH)
History of Science I (3) A history of science and culture from pre-history until the Scientific Revolution.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014

HIST 123 (S T S 123) (GH)
History of Science II (3) A history of science and culture from the scientific revolution to the present.
Effective: Spring 2004 Ending: Summer 2014

HIST 123 (GH)
History of Science II (3) A history of science and culture from the scientific revolution to the present.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014

HIST 130 (GH;US)
Introduction to the Civil War Era, 1848 through 1877 (3) Survey of causes and consequences of American Civil War, end of Mexican War in 1848 through end of Reconstruction, 1877.
Effective: Spring 2010

HIST 130U (GH;US)
Introduction to the Civil War Era, 1848 through 1877 (3) Survey of causes and consequences of American Civil War, end of Mexican War in 1848 through end of Reconstruction, 1877.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

HIST 141 (GH;IL)
Medieval and Modern Russia (3) Introductory survey, including political, social, economic, and cultural development of Kievan, Muscovite, and Imperial Russia.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 143 (GH;IL)
History of Fascism and Nazism (3) The study of right-wing totalitarianism in the twentieth century, with special emphasis on Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 143U (GH;IL)
History of Fascism and Nazism (3) The study of right-wing totalitarianism in the twentieth century, with special emphasis on Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

HIST 144 (GH;US;IL)
The World at War: 1939-1945 (3) In-depth study of the origins and conduct of World War II. Political and economic aspects as well as military.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 152 (AF AM 152) (GH;US;IL)
African American History (3) African roots; colonial and revolutionary experiences; slavery and abolitionism; civil war and reconstruction; accommodation and protest; the new militancy.
Effective: Fall 2013

HIST 153 (GH;US)
The Indian in North America (3) A survey of the American Indian from prehistory to the present.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 153Y (GH;US)
The Indian in North America (3) A survey of the American Indian from prehistory to the present.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 154 (GH;US)
History of Welfare and Poverty in the United States (3) History of care of the impoverished (emphasis on gender, race, nationality, age of poor, and welfare givers), 18th century to present.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 158 (US;IL)
History of American Immigration (3) The waves of migration to America and an analysis of the resulting minority groups, their reception, assimilation, and persisting identity.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 160 (US)
American Naval History (3) Introduction to the role of the United States Navy in the defense, diplomacy, commerce, and scientific development of the nation.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 161 (US)
The Battle of Gettysburg in American Historical Memory (3) Examines factors shaping understanding of the Civil War's decisive battle and its meanings as a national symbol.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 165 (ARAB 165, RL ST 165) (IL)
Introduction to Islamic Civilization (3) Islamic history, culture, and religious life c.600-1500 C.E.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 172 (IL)
Survey of Japanese Civilization (3) Survey of social, institutional, cultural, and religious developments from ancient times to the present.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 174 (GH;IL)
The History of Traditional East Asia (3) Comparative cultural, institutional, and social history of traditional China and Japan to their contact with the industrialized West.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 175 (GH;IL)
The History of Modern East Asia (3) Comparative survey of the internal developments and external relations of China and Japan since their contact with the industrialized West.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 176 (GH;IL)
Survey of Indian History (3) Survey of cultural, institutional, and political history from ancient times to the present.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 178 (GH;IL)
Latin-American History to 1820 (3) Conquest of the New World, development of colonial institutions, impact on native cultures, and origins of independence movements.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 179 (GH;IL)
Latin-American History Since 1820 (3) Origin, political growth, international relations, and economic status of the Latin-American republics, with emphasis upon present-day conditions.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 180 (CAMS 180) (GH;IL)
Ancient Warfare (3) Historical survey of the evolution of warfare in the ancient Mediterranean region from prehistoric times to the Later Roman Empire.
Effective: Summer 2006

HIST 181 (GH;IL)
Introduction to the Middle East (3) Origins of Islamic civilization; expansion of Islam; the Ottoman Empire; the Middle East since 1918.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 181U (GH;IL)
Introduction to the Middle East (3) Origins of Islamic civilization; expansion of Islam; the Ottoman Empire; the Middle East since 1918.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

HIST 183 (ASIA 183) (GH;IL)
Gender, Family, and Society in East Asia (3) Investigates the history of gender, family, love, and sex in East Asia.
Effective: Summer 2012

HIST 184 (ASIA 184) (GH;IL)
Society and Culture in the Pacific War (3) Examines the role of society and culture in the Pacific War's causes, contexts, realities, and aftermath.
Effective: Summer 2012

HIST 191 (AFR 191) (GH;IL)
Early African History (3) Explores important economic and cultural transformations in the making of early African empires from 1 MBC to 1750.
Effective: Fall 2012

HIST 192 (AFR 192) (GH;IL)
Modern African History (3) Impact of the slave trade, expansion of Islam, colonial conquest, social and cultural transformations, resistance, nationalism, and independence.
Effective: Fall 2012

HIST 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

HIST 197A
History of Genocide (3) Raphael Lemkin, in his work Acis Rule in Occupied Europe (1944), coined the term "genocide" by combining Greek genos and Latin. "Generally speaking, genocide does not necessarily mean the immediate destruction of a nation, except when accomplished by mass killings of all members of a nation. It is intended rather to signify a coordinated plan of different actions aiming at the destruction of essential foundations of the life of national groups, with the aim of annihilating the groups themselves." It is the goal of this course to establish an historical understanding of genocide. We will primarily examine incidents and personal accounts from the record of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries but will also reflect on earlier incidents. In so doing we will not only examine the victims of genocide, but put a face on the perpetrators.
Effective: Summer 2014 Ending: Summer 2014Future: Summer 2014

HIST 197A
London Calling: Ordering the World - The Preparation (0.5) This course will prepare students for their 8-day exploration of London and surrounding areas. The preparation will cover travel tips; information about the sites that will be visited, and discussions of how to get the most out of this trip; students will be responsible for researching some of the sites that will be visited.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

HIST 197A (J ST 197A)
East European Jewish History (3) This course examines the history of Jewish life in Eastern Europen beginning with its Medieval origins and up through the Holocaust. Topics to be covered include religious, political, social, and cultural transformations, in the context of the general political changes in this area.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

HIST 197B
London Calling: Ordering the World - the Trip (0.5) This course will take students on an 8-day exploration of London and surrounding areas. Students will be expected to attend all scheduled visits and to act as responsible representatives of Penn State Altoona while abroad. Students will also be asked to compose short writings during the trip that respond to our site visits and to write a final evaluative paper after the trip.
Effective: Summer 2014 Ending: Summer 2014Future: Summer 2014

HIST 199 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 200 (US)
American Local History (3 per semester/maximum of 6) Topics in American local history relating local to national developments and studying the historical method by using primary source material.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 020 or HIST 021

HIST 210 (AF AM 210) (GH;US)
Between Accommodation and Alienation: African Americans in a Jim Crow Nation, 1896-1932 (3) The course will explore the context and events that shaped African American life over the period 1896-1932.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: AF AM 100 three credits of American history or permission of the instructor

HIST 211 (AF AM 211) (GH;US;IL)
The Emergence and Evolution of the Black Diaspora in the Atlantic World (3) The course will explore the history and role of African and African-descent people in Africa, the Americas, and Europe.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: AF AM 100 or HIST 003 or HIST 020 or HIST 021 or HIST 152

HIST 235 (J ST 235, RL ST 235) (US;IL)
The Church and the Jews (3) Examination of the relationship between Western church and the Jews from the First Century to Enlightenment.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 250 (AF AM 250) (GH;IL)
Introduction to the Modern Caribbean (3) A survey course which explores the historical evolution and emergence of the modern Caribbean.
Effective: Fall 2012

HIST 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

HIST 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Spring 1986

HIST 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1986

HIST 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 300B
American Historiography (3) Readings, group discussions, and oral and written reports on great historians, philosophy of history, and conflicting interpretations in American history.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: third-semester standing 6 credits in history with a grade of A or B an all-University average of B

HIST 300C
Independent Study (3) Readings and oral and written reports in areas to be arranged with the chairman of the Honors Committee.
Effective: Spring 2012
Prerequisite: HIST 300B

HIST 300D
Honors Thesis (3) Research paper in an area arranged with the chairman of the Honors Committee.
Effective: Spring 2012
Prerequisite: HIST 300B HIST 300C

HIST 300H
Honors Course in History (3-12) No description available.
Effective: Fall 1983

HIST 302M
Undergraduate Seminar (3) Thematic or topical investigation; emphasis on historical criticism and analysis.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

HIST 302M
American Indian History (3) Thematic or topical investigation; emphasis on historical criticism and analysis.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: 4th semester standing

HIST 302W
Undergraduate Seminar (3) Thematic or topical investigation; emphasis on historical criticism and analysis.
Effective: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: 4th semester standing

HIST 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

HIST 399 (IL)
Foreign Study--History (1-12) Study in selected foreign countries of various periods and topics in history.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 401 (J ST 401) (IL)
Ancient Technologies and Socio-cultural History in the Ancient Levant (3) Social and intellectual development in the Ancient Levant as they affected and were affected by technological development.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: RL ST 110

HIST 402 (IL)
The Rise of the Greek Polis (3) Development of the Greek city-state from Homeric times to the fifth century B.C.; special references to Athenian society.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 100

HIST 403 (IL)
Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic World (3) The career of Alexander, his impact on his own time, and the Hellenistic legacy.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 100

HIST 405Y (IL)
The Roman Empire (3) The political and social history of the Roman empire; economic institutions and religious groups which influenced Roman administration.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 001 HIST 101 or 3 credits in classical studies

HIST 407 (IL)
Early Medieval Society (3) Rise of European nations and evolution of their social and political institutions from the time of Constantine to the Crusades.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 107

HIST 408 (IL)
Church and State in the High Middle Ages (3) European political, institutional, and social history in light of church- state tensions from the Crusades to the Renaissance.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 107

HIST 408U (IL)
Church and State in the High Middle Ages (3) European political, institutional, and social history in light of church- state tensions from the Crusades to the Renaissance.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 107

HIST 409Y (J ST 409Y, RL ST 407Y) (IL)
European Anti-Semitism from Antiquity to the Present (3) Surveys the history of anti-Semitism in Europe from antiquity through the Middle Ages to the present.
Effective: Summer 2005

HIST 410 (J ST 410, RL ST 410) (US;IL)
Jews in the Medieval World (3) Trends in medieval Jewish society under Islam and Western Christendom.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 411 (MEDVL 411) (IL)
Medieval Britain (3) Political, cultural, and economic history of Britain from circa 400 to 1485 with an emphasis on the kingdom of England.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 6 credits in European history or medieval studies

HIST 412 (IL)
Intellectual History of the Middle Ages (3) Intensive study of selected topics, such as philosophy, mysticism, heresy, the church, literary and artistic expression, and science.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 107

HIST 413 (MEDVL 413) (IL)
Medieval Celtic Studies (3) Celtic civilization from antiquity to the end of the middle ages.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in medieval studies or in language literature or European history of the medieval period

HIST 414 (IL)
Renaissance and Reformation (3) The transformation of consciousness from medieval to modern times, with special emphasis on Renaissance Italy and Reformation Germany.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 001

HIST 415 (US;IL)
Race, Gender, and Politics in the United States and South Africa (3) This thematic course will compare key issues, figures, and events in the historical development of the United States and South Africa.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: AF AM 100 AF AM 102 AFR 110 AFR 192 or HIST 152

HIST 416 (J ST 416)
Zionist History 1890-1948 (3) History of Zionist thought and politics to the foundation of Esrael 1948.
Effective: Summer 1997

HIST 417 (IL)
The Age of Absolutism (3) Seventeenth- and eighteenth-century royal absolutism in France, Prussia, and Austria; concurrent economic, social, and scientific developments; the Enlightenment.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 001

HIST 418 (IL)
The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era (3) Development of revolutionary France and the First French Empire and their impact on Europe from 1789 to the Vienna settlement.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 002

HIST 418W (IL)
The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era (3) Developments of revolutionary France and the First French Empire and their impact on Europe from 1789 to the Vienna settlement.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: HIST 002

HIST 419 (US;IL)
The History of Feminist Thought (3) A critical analysis of European and United States feminist thought from the renaissance to the present.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: HIST 116 HIST 117 WMNST 100 or WMNST 106

HIST 420 (IL)
Recent European History (3) Impact of two World Wars in twentieth century; social conflict and economic catastrophe; political radicalism; post-1945 recovery and cooperation.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in European history

HIST 421 (WMNST 421) (IL)
The History of European Women (3) European women's lives from the Middle Ages to the present.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: HIST 116 HIST 117 WMNST 100 or WMNST 106

HIST 424H (J ST 424H, RL ST 424H)
Monotheism and the Birth of the West (3) The birth of monotheism and its relation to social organization, the idea of individuality, and science.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: CAMS 004 CAMS 110 CAMS 120 or HIST 102

HIST 427 (IL)
Germany Since 1860 (3) Bismarckian power-state; rise to economic dominance; welfare and warfare under Weimar republic and Hitler; post-1945 reconstruction and democracy.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in European history

HIST 428 (S T S 428) (IL)
The Darwinian Revolution (3) The origins and implications of evolutionary theory.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: an introductory science course and a history course

HIST 430 (IL)
Eastern Europe in Modern Times (3) Influence of geography, economic conditions, and nationalism upon the Eastern European and Balkan peoples; Pan-Slavism, conflicting interests of the great powers.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 001 or HIST 002

HIST 431 (AF AM 431) (US;IL)
Black Liberation and American Foreign Policy (3) This course deals with American foreign policy and Black liberation in Africa since 1945.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: 3 credits in African history; 3 credits in African political science; or 3 credits in American political science

HIST 432 (AF AM 432) (IL)
Between Nation and Empire: The Caribbean in the 20th Century (3) An exploration of the political evolution of the Caribbean Region over the course of the 20th Century.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: HIST 250

HIST 433 (IL)
Imperial Russia, 1700-1917 (3) Enlightened absolutism, mercantilism, westernization; economic progress, liberal reforms, and revolutionary movement; major intellectual and cultural trends; Russia as great power.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 141

HIST 433U (IL)
Imperial Russia, 1700-1917 (3) Enlightened absolutism, mercantilism, westernization; economic progress, liberal reforms, and revolutionary movement; major intellectual and cultural trends; Russia as great power.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 141

HIST 434 (IL)
History of the Soviet Union (3) Revolution; social, political, economic, and cultural continuity and change in the U.S.S.R. since 1917.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 141 or HIST 142

HIST 436 (IL)
Great Britain Under the Tudors and Stuarts, 1485-1688 (3) Religious, political, and constitutional developments in the British Isles.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 001 or HIST 002

HIST 437 (IL)
Great Britain 1688-1867 (3) Social, economic, and political history of Great Britain from late Stuart times until the mid-Victorian era.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 001 or HIST 002

HIST 438 (IL)
Great Britain 1867-Present (3) Social, economic, and political history of Great Britain from the mid- Victorian era to the present.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 001 or HIST 002

HIST 440 (US)
Colonial America to 1753 (3) Background, establishment, and growth of the American colonies, including economic, political, social, religious, and intellectual developments.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 020 3 additional credits in history

HIST 441 (US)
Revolutionary America, 1753-1783 (3) Forces in Great Britain and America causing withdrawal of thirteen colonies from the British Empire and the Revolutionary War.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 020 3 additional credits in history

HIST 442 (US)
The Early American Republic, 1783-1850 (3) Confederation and Constitution; the Federalist and Jeffersonian periods; "the Era of Good Feelings"; "the Age of Jackson."
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in American history

HIST 444 (US)
The United States in Civil War and Reconstruction--1850-1877 (3) Causes of the Civil War; conduct of the war, North and South; impact of the war; problems of Reconstruction.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 130

HIST 444U (US)
The United States in Civil War and Reconstruction--1850-1877 (3) Causes of the Civil War; conduct of the war, North and South; impact of the war; problems of Reconstruction.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 130

HIST 444W (US)
The United States in Civil War and Reconstruction--1850-1877 (3) Causes of the Civil War; conduct of the war, North and South; impact of the war; problems of reconstruction.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: HIST 130 or HIST 020

HIST 445 (US)
The Emergence of Modern America (3) Economic, social, political history of the United States, 1877-1919, emphasizing growth of industrialism and development as a modern nation.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 021 3 additional credits in history economics or political science

HIST 446 (US)
America Between the Wars (3) The Roaring Twenties, the Great Crash, Depression, and New Deal; war debts, reparations, isolationism, and World War II.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 447 (AM ST 447) (US)
Recent American History (3) Contemporary economic, social, and political aspects of the United States and its role as a world power since 1945.
Effective: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 021 3 additional credits in history economics or political science

HIST 448 (US)
America in the 1960s (3) Social, political, and cultural themes in the United States in the 1960s.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 021

HIST 449 (US)
Constitutional History of the United States to 1877 (3) Colonial background; framing and adoption of the constitution; development of the court under Marshall and Taney; sectionalism, Civil War, Reconstruction.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 020 or HIST 021 3 additional credits in history or political science

HIST 450 (US)
Constitutional History of the United States Since 1877 (3) Constitutional developments from laissez-faire to the welfare state; imperialism, war, internationalism; the contemporary court, civil liberties, and civil rights.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 020 or HIST 021 3 additional credits in history or political science

HIST 451 (US)
The Consumer Revolution (3) The origins and impact of American consumer society since 1870.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: three credits in history marketing or advertising

HIST 451U (US)
The Consumer Revolution (3) The origins and impact of American consumer society since 1870.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: three credits in history marketing or advertising

HIST 452 (US;IL)
History of U.S. Foreign Relations (3) History of U.S. foreign relations since 1789; emphasis on twentieth century.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 020 or HIST 021

HIST 453
American Environmental History (3) The history of the ways Americans have used and thought about the environment since 1500.
Effective: Summer 2012
Prerequisite: GEOG 030 ; and HIST 020 HIST 021 ; or 6 credits in the humanities or social sciences

HIST 454 (US)
American Military History (3) Development of U.S. military policy, 1776 to the present, emphasizing the conduct of our wars, interrelationship of civil and military authority.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 020 or HIST 021

HIST 456Y (US)
The Social History of American Vernacular Building, 1607-1980 (3) Social, historical, and cultural context of American building including settlements, housing, workplaces, stores, recreational facilities; changes over time.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in American history

HIST 457 (S T S 457, WMNST 457) (US;IL)
The History of Women in Science (3) Critical analysis of the roles women, gender, and minorities have played in natural sciences.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: HIST 116 HIST 117 WMNST 100 WMNST 106 or WMNST 157

HIST 459Y (US)
Social and Cultural History of the United States Since 1783 (3) Role of immigration, social reform movements, religion, education, science, literature, and the arts in American history.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 460 (US;IL)
United States Foreign Intelligence (3) Aims, methods, and organization of U.S. foreign intelligence from the American Revolution to the Cold War and beyond.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 461 (US;IL)
The Emergence of the American City: 1100-1880 (3) The growth of American cities from their urban origins in Europe and the Native-American Southwest to 1880.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 462 (US;IL)
The Twentieth Century City (3) Political, economic, social, and cultural transformations in American cities from 1880 to 2000.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 463 (US)
American Thought to 1865 (3 Introduction to, scholarly commentary on, major documents of American Intellectual history, early colonial period to end of the Civil War.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: any American history course at the college freshman level

HIST 464 (US)
American Thought from 1865 (3) Introduction to, scholarly commentary on, major documents of American Intellectual history from end of the Civil War to the present.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: any American history course at the college freshman level

HIST 465 (AF AM 465) (US)
Civil Rights and American Politics 1933-1968 (3) The civil rights struggle and its impact upon American politics.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: AF AM 100 HIST 021 HIST 152 PL SC 001 or PL SC 002

HIST 466 (WMNST 466) (US;IL)
Lesbian and Gay History (3) Critical exploration of the history of sexuality, focusing especially on the emergence of modern lesbian and gay identities.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: HIST 117 WMNST 100

HIST 467 (LTNST 467) (US;IL)
Latin America and the United States (3) Historical development of policies of the United States with regard to Latin- American affairs from colonial times to the present.
Effective: Fall 2008

HIST 468 (IL)
Mexico and the Caribbean Nations in the Twentieth Century (3) Political, economic, and social development in Mexico and the Caribbean since 1900. Emphasis on Mexican, Guatemalan, and Cuban revolutions.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 469 (CRIMJ 469)
Drugs and Drug Policy in the United States (3) Examines the history and dimensions of drug use and analyzes the impact of drug policy.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CRIMJ 100 or HIST 021

HIST 471Y (RL ST 471Y) (IL)
Classical Islamic Civilization, 600-1258 (3) Pre-Islamic Arabia; Muhammad; Arab conquests; Islamic beliefs and institutions; literary, artistic, and scientific achievements; relations with Europe; breakdown of unity.
Effective: Fall 2006

HIST 472 (IL)
The Ottoman Empire and Other Muslim States (3) Turkish and Mongol invasions; Mamluks; Ottoman expansion and institutions; Safavid Persia; disintegration and reform; emergence of modern Turkey and Iran.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 181

HIST 473 (IL)
The Contemporary Middle East (3) Political, economic, and social changes in Turkey, Iran, Israel, and the Arab countries in the twentieth century; Arab-Israeli conflict.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 475Y (IL)
The Making and Emergence of Modern India (3) India's transition to social, economic, and political modernity through the experience of British colonial rule and the nationalist struggle.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 010 HIST 011 HIST 172 HIST 175 HIST 176 HIST 181 or HIST 191

HIST 476 (ASIA 476) (IL)
Technology & Society in Modern Asia (3) Role of technology in modernization, national identity, and foreign relations of an Asian country from 19th century to present day.
Effective: Summer 2014 Future: Summer 2014
Prerequisite: ASIA 100 HIST 172 HIST 173 HIST 174 HIST 175 HIST 176 HIST 183 HIST 184 HIST 188

HIST 479 (IL)
History of Imperialism and Nationalism in Africa (3) Theories and types of imperialism; varied patterns of colonial administration; initial African responses; nationalism; decolonization and independence.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 191

HIST 480 (IL)
Medieval Japan (3) An overview of Japan between 1150-1550, a period of political decentralization, cultural efflorescence, and social change.
Effective: Spring 2006 Ending: Summer 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 107 HIST 172 HIST 174 or HIST 407

HIST 480 (ASIA 480) (IL)
Japan in the Age of Warriors (3) An overview of Japan the 10th to 17th century, a period of political decentralization, cultural efflorscence, and social change.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 107 HIST 172 HIST 174 or HIST 407

HIST 481 (IL)
Modern Japan Since 1800 (3) The transformation of Japan from a pre-modern, isolated, and agricultural nation into a highly industrialized world power.
Effective: Spring 2006 Ending: Summer 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 172 HIST 174 or HIST 175

HIST 481 (ASIA 481) (IL)
Modern Japan Since 1800 (3) The transformation of Japan from a relatively isolated, agricultural nation into a highly industrialized world power.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 172 HIST 174 or HIST 175

HIST 483 (IL)
Chinese Society and Culture to 1800 (3) The social, political, and cultural issues and developments from ancient to the late-imperial times.
Effective: Spring 2006 Ending: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 174

HIST 483 (ASIA 483) (IL)
Middle China (3) The social, political, and cultural issues and developments from the 8th to 16th century.
Effective: Spring 2015 Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: HIST 174

HIST 484Y (IL)
History of Chinese Thought (3) A study of the dynamic historical development of Chinese thought with its diverse expressions from antiquity to the present.
Effective: Spring 2006 Ending: Summer 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 174 or HIST 175

HIST 484Y (ASIA 484Y) (IL)
History of Chinese Thought (3) A study of the dynamic historical development of Chinese thought with its diverse expressions from antiquity to the present.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 174 or HIST 175

HIST 485Y (IL)
Nineteenth-Century China (3) Ch'ing society and institutions; "opening" to the west; imperialism; domestic upheaval and its effect upon Chinese society; reform movements.
Effective: Spring 2006 Ending: Summer 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 175 or HIST 300H (Honors in East Asian history)

HIST 485Y (ASIA 485Y) (IL)
China's Last Empire: The Qing Dynasty, 1644-1911 (3) China from 1644 founding of Qing dynasty to 1911 fall; Chinese society and institutions, imperialism and China's internal diversity.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 175 or HIST 300H (Honors in East Asian history)

HIST 486 (IL)
Twentieth-Century China (3) China from the Republican Revolution of 1911 to the present; nationalism, cultural change; development of communism.
Effective: Spring 2006 Ending: Summer 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 175 or HIST 300H (Honors in East Asian History)

HIST 486 (ASIA 486) (IL)
China in Revolution (3) China from 1900 to the present; nationalism, cultural change; development of communism.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: HIST 175 or HIST 300H (Honors in East Asian History)

HIST 490 (L ST 490)
Archival Management (1-3) Introduction to the principles and procedures in the management of archives and historical manuscripts.
Effective: Fall 1978

HIST 493 (JAPNS 427) (IL)
Japan in the World (3) Study of Japan's foreign relations and position in the international community from the early 19th century to the present.
Effective: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: ASIA 100 HIST 172 HIST 175 or HIST 481

HIST 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

HIST 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

HIST 495
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practicums, or internships.
Effective: Summer 1986
Prerequisite: prior written approval of proposed assignment by instructor

HIST 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

HIST 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

HIST 497A
Modern China: From Empire to Republic (3) Political, social, and cultural change in China from 1600 to the present. The imperial order, internal and external threats, reform efforts, Republican and Communist revolutions, and recent transformations.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

HIST 497A
World War I (3) Course studies how the Great War happened why it happened and how those nations and people involved were affected. Also it will look at WWI relevance a centry later.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

HIST 497B (J ST 497B)
The Holocaust (3) This course for advanced undergraduate students will focus on the actual history and the historiography of the Holocaust. After discussion some of the most important studies about the Holocaust and the main historiography debates, we will look at the origins and the evolution of the "Final Solution." The class will touch on the function of the "Ghettos," the role of the mobile killing unites, the extermination camps, and Jewish resistance. Apart from discussion the historiography, we will work mostly with primary sources: documents created by the perpetrators, bystanders, and victims; files relating to postware trials of perpetrators; photographs; representations of objects relating to the Holocaust; memoirs by survivors; interviews with survivors and bystanders. Students are expected to do extensive reading for this class and prepare oral presentations on their respective paper topic. The research paper for this course will be based largely on primary sources.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

HIST 497B
Powering America (3) Discover how the United States became the world's biggest consumer and provider of energy. What is the impact of American energy production on the environment?
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

HIST 497C
Londong Calling: Ordering the World - the Trip (0.5) This course will take students on an 8-day exploration of London and surrounding areas. Students will be expected to attend all scheduled visits and to act as responsible representatives of Penn State Altoona while abroad. Students will also be asked to compose short writings during the trip that respond to our site visits and to write a final evaluative paper after the trip.
Effective: Summer 2014 Ending: Summer 2014Future: Summer 2014

HIST 497C
Londong Calling: Ordering the World - the Preparation (0.5) This course will prepare students for their 8-day exploration of London and surrounding areas. The preparation will cover travel tips; information about the sites that will be visited, and discussions of how to get the most out of this trip; students will be responsible for researching some of the sites that will be visited.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

HIST 497C (J ST 497A, WMNST 497A)
Gender and Autobiography in Modern Jewish History (3) In this course we will read autobiographies critically and carefully in examining the tremendous changes wrought by modernity in the Jewish community. In particular we will look at memoir literature to illuminate the role of gender in Jewish life over the past two hundred years.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

HIST 499 (IL)
Foreign Study--History (1-6) Study in selected foreign countries of various periods and topics in history.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: 3 credits in the appropriate introductory history course for the geographic location specified

IT 050
Italian Conversation Tutorial (1-3) Roundtable conversation practicum for students concurrently enrolled in IT 001, 002, 003, 010, or 020. May be repeated up to 3 times for credit.
Effective: Summer 2004
Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in IT 001 IT 002 IT 003 IT 010 or IT 020

IT 083S (GH;IL)
First-Year Seminar in Italian Literature, Film, and Culture (3) Introduction to the study of Italian literature, film, and culture.
Effective: Summer 2005

IT 099 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

IT 130 (GH;IL)
Italian Culture and Civilization (3) Italian life from antiquity to the present; literature, film, the arts, and contemporary problems in historical perspective.
Effective: Summer 2005

IT 131 (GH;US)
Italian American Culture and Civilization (3) Italian-American experience from the late 19th century to present. Socio-political issues seen through cinema and through literary and other readings.
Effective: Summer 2005

IT 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

IT 199 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

IT 230 (GH)
Masterpieces of Italian Literature in English Translation (3) Emphasis on works and authors of international importance. Lectures, readings, and written work in English.
Effective: Summer 1995

IT 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

IT 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Spring 1998

IT 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1985

IT 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

IT 320
Introduction to Italian Culture; Food, Fashion, Family (3) Focus on the social, historical, and socio-political issues of Italy in the last two centuries.
Effective: Summer 2004
Prerequisite: IT 003

IT 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

IT 412
Theory and Practice of Translation (3) Advanced practicum in Italian explores the technical, artistic, and practical applications of translation between Italian and American cultures.
Effective: Summer 2004
Prerequisite: any 300-level course in Italian

IT 415
Dante (3) Readings in the Divina Commedia and the related lesser works of Dante Alighieri.
Effective: Summer 2011

IT 422
Topics in the Italian Renaissance (3) Topics vary by year and may include "Theories of Love," "Magic, Witchcraft, Alchemy, and the Emergence of Modern Science," etc.
Effective: Fall 2005
Prerequisite: any Italian course at the 300-level

IT 450
Nineteenth-Century Italian Literature (3) Italian romanticism, Verismo and neoclassicism, their origin and development in the novel, poetry, and drama.
Effective: Winter 1978
Prerequisite: IT 351

IT 460
Twentieth-Century Italian Literature (3) Modern and contemporary Italian prose, drama, and poetry.
Effective: Winter 1978
Prerequisite: IT 351

IT 475
Modern Italian Literature and Cinema (3) Focus on silent films, fascism, WWII, Resistance, Neorealism, and reactions against Neorealism.
Effective: Spring 2003

IT 490
Dante in Translation (3) The reading of Dante's Divine Comedy and selected minor works.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of instructor

IT 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

IT 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

IT 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

IT 496A
Italian Social Media Coordination (1) This is a coordination of the Italian Facebook/Twitter pages meant to communicate the activities of the Italian Department and interact with other users as required.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

IT 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

J ST 004 (CAMS 004, RL ST 004) (GH;US;IL)
Jewish and Christian Foundations (3) Introduction to the perspectives, patterns of worship, morality, historical roots, and institutions of the Judaeo-Christian traditions; their relationship to culture.
Effective: Summer 2005

J ST 010 (HEBR 010) (GH;IL)
Jewish Civilization (3) Life of the Jewish people from biblical times; emphasizing cultural, religious, and institutional developments.
Effective: Summer 2005

J ST 012 (CAMS 012, RL ST 012) (GH;IL)
Lands of the Bible (3) Textual and archaeological evidence for the lands, cities, and peoples associated with the Hebrew Bible and Christian scriptures.
Effective: Summer 2005

J ST 012U (CAMS 012U, RL ST 012U) (GH;IL)
Lands of the Bible (3) Textual and archaeological evidence for the lands, cities, and peoples associated with the Hebrew Bible and Christian scriptures.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

J ST 083S (GH;IL)
First-Year Seminar in Jewish Studies (3) Critical approaches to the history, sociology, and literature of Jewish Studies.
Effective: Summer 2005

J ST 090 (CAMS 090, RL ST 090) (GH;IL)
Archaeology of Jerusalem: Past and Present (3) Archaeology and history of Jerusalem from earliest times (c. 3000 BCE) to the present.
Effective: Summer 2005

J ST 102 (CAMS 102, HIST 102, RL ST 102) (GH;IL)
Canaan and Israel in Antiquity (3) Political, social, and intellectual history of the land of Canaan/Israel in the Biblical era: Late Bronze and Iron Ages.
Effective: Summer 2005

J ST 106 (RL ST 106) (GH;IL)
Mysticism (3) A survey of the history, philosphy, and cultural impact of various mystical traditions in relation to world religions.
Effective: Spring 2012

J ST 110 (CAMS 110, RL ST 110) (GH;US;IL)
Hebrew Bible: Old Testament (3) Introduction to the history, literature, and religion of ancient Israel.
Effective: Summer 2005

J ST 111 (CAMS 111, RL ST 111) (GH;IL)
Early Judaism (3) Religious thought, practices, and parties in the Second Temple period; the emergence of rabbinic Judaism.
Effective: Summer 2005

J ST 112 (CAMS 121, RL ST 121)
Jesus the Jew (3) A historical critical examination of the life of Jesus of Nazareth within the context of first century Palestinian Judaism.
Effective: Fall 2013

J ST 114 (RL ST 114) (GH;US;IL)
Modern Judaism (3) Trends in Jewish life and thought since the French revolution; Judaism's responses to the challenge of modernity.
Effective: Summer 2005

J ST 118 (HIST 118) (US;IL)
Modern Jewish History: 1492 to Present (3) Jewish social and political history from 1492 to the present.
Effective: Spring 2006

J ST 120 (CAMS 120, RL ST 120) (GH)
New Testament (3) Introduction to the history, literature, and religion of early Christianity in the Jewish-Hellenistic setting.
Effective: Spring 2004

J ST 120H (RL ST 120H, CAMS 120H) (GH)
New Testament (3) Introduction to the history, literature, and religion of early Christianity in the Jewish-Hellenistic setting.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

J ST 121 (HIST 121) (GH;IL)
History of the Holocaust 1933-1945 (3) Historical analysis of holocaust themes.
Effective: Summer 2005

J ST 122 (CAMS 122, RL ST 122) (GH;IL)
Apocalypse and Beyond (3) This course surveys apocalyptic literature and apocalyptic movements from the ancient Near East to the modern world.
Effective: Summer 2014 Future: Summer 2014

J ST 123 (CAMS 123, RL ST 123) (GH;IL)
Ancient Monotheisms: Judaism, Christianity, Islam (3) Examines the origins and early development of the three major monotheisms of the ancient Near East: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Effective: Summer 2014 Future: Summer 2014

J ST 124 (CAMS 124, RL ST 124) (GH;US;IL)
Early and Medieval Christianity (3) Analysis in cultural context of selected thinkers, ideas, and movements in Christianity from the second through the fifteenth century.
Effective: Summer 2005

J ST 131 (CMLIT 110) (GH;US;IL)
Jewish Literature: An International Perspective (3) Literature of the Jewish tradition in various cultures and contexts, such as Europe, Israel, Islamic countries, and the Americas.
Effective: Spring 2011

J ST 153 (CAMS 153, RL ST 153) (GH;IL)
Dead Sea Scroll (3) Examines the discovery, contents, and interpretations of the Dead Sea Scroll, Jewish texts from approximately 225 B.C.E. to 68 C.E.
Effective: Summer 2014 Future: Summer 2014

J ST 160 (CAMS 160, RL ST 160) (GH;IL)
Sacrifice in Ancient Religions (3) Examines theories of sacrifice and its manifestations in especially the religions of the ancient Mediterranean world and the Near East.
Effective: Summer 2014 Future: Summer 2014

J ST 280 (WMNST 280, RL ST 280) (GH;IL)
Women and Judaism (3) Explores the Jewish views of women that have influenced the roles of women within both the religion and Western culture.
Effective: Fall 2006

J ST 401 (HIST 401) (IL)
Ancient Technologies and Socio-cultural History in the Ancient Levant (3) Social and intellectual development in the Ancient Levant as they affected and were affected by technological development.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: RL ST 110

J ST 409Y (HIST 409Y, RL ST 407Y) (IL)
European Anti-Semitism from Antiquity to the Present (3) Surveys the history of anti-Semitism in Europe from antiquity through the Middle Ages to the present.
Effective: Summer 2005

J ST 411 (RL ST 411) (US;IL)
Jewish Studies (3) Study of the life and thought of a particular period or movement in the history of Judaism.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in religious studies

J ST 416 (HIST 416)
Zionist History 1890-1948 (3) History of Zionist thought and politics to the foundation of Israel 1948.
Effective: Summer 1997

J ST 478 (RL ST 478)
Ethics After the Holocaust (3) Explores the philosophical effects of the Holocaust for thinking about the primary question: Is ethics possible?
Effective: Summer 2012
Prerequisite: one course in Jewish Studies or Philosophy

JAPNS 120 (GH;IL)
Japanese Literature in Its Cultural Context (3) Japanese literature and film from classical through contemporary times, with attention to changing cultural settings. Taught in English.
Effective: Spring 2010

JAPNS 402 (IL)
Level Three Japanese B (4) Exclusively for study abroad returnees. To further develop Japanese proficiency in speaking, listening, reading, and writing.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: JAPNS 401

JAPNS 427 (HIST 493) (IL)
Japan in the World (3) Study of Japan's foreign relations and position in the international community from the early 19th century to the present.
Effective: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: ASIA 100 HIST 172 HIST 175 or HIST 481

KINES 442 (CAMS 442) (IL)
Sport in Ancient Greece and Rome (3) An examination of the continuity of sport in ancient Greek and Roman societies.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CAMS 025 CAMS 033 CAMS 140 CAMS 150 CAMS 100 CAMS 101 or KINES 141

L ST 490 (HIST 490)
Archival Management (1-3) Introduction to the principles and procedures in the management of archives and historical manuscripts.
Effective: Fall 1978

LATIN 099 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

LATIN 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

LATIN 199 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

LATIN 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

LATIN 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Spring 2001

LATIN 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1983

LATIN 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

LATIN 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

LATIN 399 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

LATIN 402
Republican Literature (3-12) Selected works by Plautus, Lucretius, Catullus, Cicero (content varies).
Effective: Summer 1995
Prerequisite: LATIN 003

LATIN 403
Augustan Age Literature (3-12) Selected works by Virgil, Horace, Propertius, Tibullus, Ovid, Livy (content varies).
Effective: Summer 1995
Prerequisite: LATIN 003

LATIN 404
Silver Age Literature (3-12) Selected works by Petronius, Seneca, Tacitus, Juvenal, Martial, Pliny the Younger (content varies).
Effective: Summer 1995
Prerequisite: LATIN 003

LATIN 420
Medieval Latin Literature (3-6) Survey of Medieval Latin literature.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: LATIN 003

LATIN 450W
History of Latin (3) History of the Latin language and its speakers, from their origins to the 2nd century C.E.
Effective: Summer 1994
Prerequisite: LING 102 ; LATIN 401 LATIN 402 or LATIN 403

LATIN 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

LATIN 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

LATIN 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

LATIN 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

LATIN 499 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

LING 102 (GH)
Introduction to Historical Linguistics (3) How languages change and evolve over time; language families; effects of borrowing and language contact.
Effective: Spring 2002
Prerequisite: LING 010 or LING 100

LTNST 100 (GH;US)
Introduction to Latina/s Studies (3) This course provides an interdisciplinary introduction to the study of Latinas/os in the U.S.
Effective: Fall 2012

LTNST 226 (ENGL 226) (GH;US;IL)
Latina and Latino Border Theories (3) English 226 will constitute a wide-ranging examination of contemporary texts (1960-present) central to the construction of contemporary Latino/a culture.
Effective: Fall 2012

LTNST 300 (WMNST 300) (US)
Latinas in the US: Gender Culture and Society (3) This course examines the historical development, theoretical premises, and political, social, and artistic contributions of Latina feminisms in the United States.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: LTNST 100 or WMNST 100

LTNST 315 (SPAN 315) (GH;US)
Spanish and Spanish-speakers in the U.S. (3) In this course, we investigate various aspects of the language(s) and language behaviors of U.S. Latinos.
Effective: Fall 2012

LTNST 403 (CMLIT 403) (US)
Latina/o Literature and Culture (3) Literary and other forms of cultural expression (film, music, art, and theater) are compared across different Latina/o communities.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: 3 credits in the humanities or in any LTNST course or 4th-semester proficiency in Spanish

LTNST 426 (ENGL 426) (US)
Chicana and Chicano Cultural Production: Literature, Film, Music (3) An in-depth study of Chicana/Chicano literature, film, and music from the inception of the Chicano Movement (1965-1975) to the present.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: 3 credits in English

LTNST 467 (HIST 467) (US;IL)
Latin America and the United States (3) Historical development of policies of the United States with regard to Latin- American affairs from colonial times to the present.
Effective: Fall 2012

MEDVL 107 (HIST 107) (GH;IL)
Medieval Europe (3) Rise and development of the civilization of medieval Europe from the decline of Rome to 1500.
Effective: Spring 2006

MEDVL 108 (GH;IL)
Medieval Civilization (3) An interdisciplinary introduction to literature, art, and thought of the Middle Ages.
Effective: Spring 2006

MEDVL 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

MEDVL 199 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

MEDVL 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

MEDVL 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

MEDVL 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

MEDVL 399 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

MEDVL 411 (HIST 411) (IL)
Medieval Britain (3) Political, cultural, and economic history of Britain from circa 400 to 1485 with an emphasis on the kingdom of England.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 6 credits in European history or medieval studies

MEDVL 413 (HIST 413) (IL)
Medieval Celtic Studies (3) Celtic civilization from antiquity to the end of the middle ages.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in medieval studies or in language literature or European history of the medieval period

MEDVL 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

MEDVL 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

MEDVL 495
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 2002
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignments by instructor

MEDVL 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, that are supervised on an individual basis and that fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Spring 1995

MEDVL 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

MEDVL 499 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

OLEAD 100 (GS)
Introduction to Leadership (3) This course introduces key leadership concepts and practices based on current theory and research. It is designed to help students to discover the knowledge and skills that are characteristic of effective leaders.
Effective: Summer 2012

PHIL 001 (GH)
Basic Problems of Philosophy (3) Introduction to central philosophical themes, including the mind/body problem, the existence of God, ethical problems, the nature of reality.   Students may take only one course for General Education credit from PHIL 001 GH or 004 GH.
Effective: Spring 2000

PHIL 002 (GH)
Philosophy, Politics, and Social Theory (3) Examines relations between political and social organizations, the justification and limits of the state, and issues concerning individuality and community.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 003 (GH)
Persons, Moral Values and the Good Life (3) Major ethical positions and assumptions regarding questions of freedom, choice, obligation, and conflicts in contemporary moral conduct, values, and reasoning.
Effective: Fall 2004

PHIL 003H (GH)
Persons, Moral Values and the Good Life (3) Major ethical positions and assumptions regarding questions of freedom, choice, obligation, and conflicts in contemporary moral conduct, values, and reasoning.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

PHIL 005 (GH)
Philosophy, Art, and Film (3) Explores relations between images and reality, representation and culture, and beauty and politics through film, artworks, and aesthetic theories.
Effective: Spring 2002

PHIL 006 (CMLIT 006) (GH;IL)
Philosophy and Literature in Western Culture (3) Explores fundamental issues of human existence through the traditions of western literature and philosophy.
Effective: Spring 2006

PHIL 007 (GH;IL)
Asian Philosophy (3) Introduction to philosophical, moral, and aesthetic teachings of Asian traditions such as Hinduism, Buddhism (including Zen), Taoism, Confucianism, and Shintoism.
Effective: Summer 2005

PHIL 008 (WMNST 008) (GH)
Philosophy and Feminism (3) Explores diverse feminist philosophies of culture and knowledge, and examines gender's role in accounts of reality, truth, morality, and justice.
Effective: Spring 2006

PHIL 008H (WMNST 008H) (GH)
Philosophy and Feminism (3) Explores diverse feminist philosophies of culture and knowledge, and examines gender's role in accounts of reality, truth, morality, and justice.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

PHIL 009 (GH;US)
Philosophy, Race, and Diversity (3) Critically examines the significance of race and cultural diversity for, and in, understandings of reality, knowledge, truth, morality, and justice.
Effective: Summer 2005

PHIL 009U (GH;US)
Philosophy, Race, and Diversity (3) Critically examines the significance of race and cultural diversity for, and in, understandings of reality, knowledge, truth, morality, and justice.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

PHIL 010 (GH)
Critical Thinking (3) Discussion of the validity, soundness, and fallacies of everyday language use and reasoning; informal logic; and manipulative arguments and propaganda.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 010S (GH)
Critical Thinking (3) Discussion of the validity, soundness, and fallacies of everyday language use and reasoning; informal logic; and manipulative arguments and propaganda.
Effective: Spring 2005

PHIL 011 (GH)
Philosophy, Science, and Truth (3) Examines the philosophical foundations of natural scientific inquiry, knowledge, objectivity, and the relation of scientific truth to common sense.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 013 (GH)
Philosophy, Nature, and the Environment (3) Studies competing historical and contemporary conceptions of nature, their philosophical foundations, and their implications for environmental problems and public policy.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 014 (GH;US)
Philosophy of Love and Sex (3) Explores Western theories and attitudes concerning intimacy and examines various ethical issues involving love and sex.
Effective: Summer 2005

PHIL 083S (GH)
First-Year Seminar in Philosophy (3) Critical introduction to philosophical issues in ethics, social and political theory, religion, art, metaphysics, and epistemology.
Effective: Summer 1999

PHIL 098
Special topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 2001

PHIL 100 (GH)
The Meaning of Human Existence (3) Explores differing views of the significance of human life, the meaning of freedom, and the way to a meaningful life.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 101 (GH)
Pragmatism and American Philosophy (3) An introduction to American thought and its relation to American culture, with a focus on the development of pragmatism.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 102 (GH)
Existentialism and European Philosophy (3) Introduction to European philosophy and issues of life, death, meaning, and absurdity, with a focus on existentialism and its development.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 102H (GH)
Existentialism and European Philosophy (3) Introduction to European philosophy and issues of life, death, meaning, and absurdity, with a focus on existentialism and its development.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

PHIL 103 (GH)
Introduction to Ethics (3) Ethical theory about virtue, duty, autonomy, and life quality applied to moral problems, including character, violence, oppression, abortion, and suicide.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 103W (GH)
Introduction to Ethics (3) Ethical theory about virtue, duty, autonomy, and life quality applied to moral problems, including character, violence, oppression, abortion, and suicide.
Effective: Fall 1998
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

PHIL 105 (GH)
Introduction to Philosophy of Law and Legal Ethics (3) Historical and contemporary philosophies of law; concepts of responsibility, property, rights, and justice; and ethical issues in legal practice.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 105H (GH)
Introduction to Philosophy of Law and Legal Ethics (3) Historical and contemporary philosophies of law; concepts of responsibility, property, rights, and justice; and ethical issues in legal practice.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

PHIL 106 (GH)
Introduction to Business Ethics (3) Studies ethical foundations of business and ethical problems in business practices such as advertising, international trade, labor relations, and marketing.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 107 (S T S 107) (GH)
Introduction to Philosophy of Technology (3) The character of technology; its relation to human values; philosophical assumptions in its development; and how it transforms the world.
Effective: Spring 2004

PHIL 108 (GH)
Introduction to Social and Political Philosophy (3) Critical introduction to political authority, rights, justice, community, inequality, power, pluralism, and other contemporary, social, and political issues.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 108W (GH)
Introduction to Social and Political Philosophy (3) Critical introduction to political authority, rights, justice, community, inequality, power, pluralism, and other contemporary, social, and political issues.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

PHIL 109 (GH)
Introduction to Aesthetics (3) Examines the nature of art and aesthetic experience, art's relation to beauty and truth, and the nature of creativity.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 109H (GH)
Introduction to Aesthetics (3) Examines the nature of art and aesthetic experience, art's relation to beauty and truth, and the nature of creativity.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

PHIL 110 (GH)
Introduction to Philosophy of Science (3) Examines science's assumptions about knowledge and reality, the relation between science and culture, and the nature of scientific progress.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 113 (GH)
Introduction to Philosophy of Literature (3) Examines philosophical ideas in literature, literary forms in philosophies, style and genre, and relation of philosophy, literature, writing, and culture.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 115 (GH)
Introduction to Philosophy and Education (3) Examines the nature and goals of education, the philosophical foundations of educational theories, and their economic, political, and cultural implications.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 118 (GH)
Introduction to Environmental Philosophy (3) Considers the moral status of the environment and applies ethical theory to issues such as preservation, hunger, pollution, and sustainability.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 118H (GH)
Introduction to Environmental Philosophy (3) Considers the moral status of the environment and applies ethical theory to issues such as preservation, hunger, pollution, and sustainability.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

PHIL 122 (GH)
Introduction to Philosophy of History (3) Examines methodological foundations and interpretations of history, the objectivity of history, and the issue of history as design or chance.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 123 (GH)
Introduction to Ethics in Media and Journalism (3) Studies ethical problems, human values, and politics in differing media forms and the ways media shape such problems and values.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 124 (GH)
Introduction to Philosophy of Religion (3) Explores the meaning of religious belief and experience, the existence of God, ideas of spirituality, and the question of immortality.
Effective: Fall 2003
Prerequisite: third-semester standing

PHIL 124H (GH)
Introduction to Philosophy of Religion (3) Explores the meaning of religious belief and experience, the existence of God, ideas of spirituality, and the question of immortality.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: third-semester standing

PHIL 125 (GH)
Introduction to Theories of Knowledge (3) Historical and contemporary views on the foundations and conditions of knowledge, belief, justification, and truth, conception, perception, and interpretation.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 125W (GH)
Introduction to Theories of Knowledge (3) Historical and contemporary views on the foundations and conditions of knowledge, belief, justification, and truth, conception, perception, and interpretation.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

PHIL 126 (GH)
Introduction to Metaphysics (3) Explores the nature of being and reality, the problem of free will and the mind/body problem, identity, and causality.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 126W (GH)
Introduction to Metaphysics (3) Explores the nature of being and reality, the problem of free will and the mind/body problem, identity, and causality.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

PHIL 127 (GH)
Introduction to Philosophy of Mind (3) Problems and concepts of mind and consciousness including mind-brain identification, the nature of subjectivity, identity, and artificial intelligence.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 129 (GH)
Introduction to Philosophy of Language (3) Studies the nature of meaning in language, how we acquire language, communication, signs, and language as descriptive of reality.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 132 (RL ST 131) (GH)
Introduction to Bioethics (3) Studies questions of ethics in relation to biotechnology research and implementation, genetic engineering, medicine, animal and human rights.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 197
Special topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

PHIL 198
Special topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 2001

PHIL 199 (IL)
Foreign Study--Philosophy (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

PHIL 200 (CAMS 200) (GH)
Ancient Philosophy (3) Examines the thought and influence of major Western thinkers from the pre-Socratics to the neo-Platonists, emphasizing Plato and Aristotle.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 201 (GH)
Medieval Philosophy (3) Examines the thought and influence of major Western thinkers from the fourth to the fifteenth centuries, emphasizing Augustine and Aquinas.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 202 (GH)
Modern Philosophy (3) Examines the thought and influence of major Western thinkers from Descartes to Kant, emphasizing rationalism and empiricism, and critical philosophy.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 203 (GH)
Nineteenth Century Philosophy (3) Examines the thought and influence of major Western thinkers from Hegel to Nietzsche, including Marx, Kierkegaard, and Schopenhauer.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 204 (GH)
Twentieth Century Philosophy (3) Examines the thought and influence of major Western thinkers of the century, including pragmatists, phenomenologists, existentialists, critical theorists, and feminists.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 208 (GH)
Contemporary Philosophy (3) Recent trends in philosophical thought and culture, hybrid philosophies, and the philosophical landscape of the future.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 221 (GH)
Philosophy of Science (3) An inquiry into the form and function of concepts, laws, theories, and into the character of scientific explanation and prediction.
Effective: Fall 2003

PHIL 233 (S T S 233) (GH)
Ethics and the Design of Technology (3) Ethics and individual and group decision-making in the design of technology including design projects and specific attention to institutional ethics.
Effective: Spring 2004

PHIL 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

PHIL 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

PHIL 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

PHIL 298
Special topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 2001

PHIL 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

PHIL 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

PHIL 398
Special topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 2001

PHIL 399 (IL)
Foreign Study--Philosophy (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

PHIL 401 (AM ST 421)
American Philosophy (3) Survey of key figures and movements in American thought including the Transcendentalists, the Pragmatists, and contemporary developments.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200-level or 5th semester standing

PHIL 402
European Philosophy (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Survey of key figures and movements of Europe, including phenomenology, existentialism, structuralism and post-structuralism, and critical theory.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PHIL 102 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level or 5th semester standing

PHIL 403
Environmental Ethics (3) Examines ethical theories, justice, rights, community, and human values revolving around such issues as preservation, conservation, pollution, sustainability, and population.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 103 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level or 5th semester standing

PHIL 403H
Environmental Ethics (3) Examines ethical theories, justice, rights, community, and human values revolving around such issues as preservation, conservation, pollution, sustainability, and population.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 103 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level or 5th semester standing

PHIL 405
Philosophy of Law (3) Examines philosophical views of the nature of law, legal ethics, law and society through questions regarding definition, interpretation, and institutions.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 105 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level or 5th semester standing

PHIL 406
Business Ethics (3) Examines the moral justification of business practices and economic systems through critical analyses of case studies and applied ethical theories.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: fifth-semester standing

PHIL 407 (S T S 407)
Technology and Human Values (3) Interrelationships of twentieth-century technological change and human values. Emphasis on the social and ethical aspects of technological progress.
Effective: Spring 1999
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 107 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 408W
Social and Political Philosophy (3) Historical and philosophical foundations of political organization, authority, and justice, and contemporary issues of rights, community, and culture.
Effective: Fall 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits in philosophy including PHIL 108 or 6 credits at the 200 level

PHIL 409
Aesthetics (3) Studies concepts of beauty, truth, value, representation, production and reproduction, and reality through philosophical theory and works of art.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 109 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level or 3 credits of art or 5th semester standing

PHIL 410
Philosophy of Science (3) Historical and contemporary foundational and methodological issues such as causality, relativity and epistemological relativism, teleology, and the nature of reality.
Effective: Fall 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 110 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 413
Philosophy of Literature (3) Discusses truth, belief, illusion, imagination and creativity through philosophical literature, as well as problems of philosophical writing.
Effective: Fall 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 113 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 416
Philosophy of Social Science (3) Examines the philosophical nature and foundations of methodology, structures and objects, value-neutrality and objectivity in the social sciences.
Effective: Summer 2013
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 418
Ethics (3) Examines ethical theories, justice, rights, community, and human values revolving around such issues as preservation, conservation, pollution, sustainability, and population.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 103 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level or 5th semester standing

PHIL 418W
Ethics (3) Examines ethical theories, justice, rights, community, and human values revolving around such issues as preservation, conservation, pollution, sustainability, and population.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 103 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 424
Philosophy of Religion (3) Examines the relation between faith and reason, the nature of religious experience, the problem of evil, the existence of God.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 124 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level or 5th semester standing

PHIL 425W
Epistemology (3) The nature of cognition and perception, the conditions of experience, and the justification and truth of belief.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 125 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level; in addition to ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

PHIL 426W
Metaphysics (3) Examines the nature of reality, the existence of freedom, and the nature of matter, mind, and values.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits in philosophy including PHIL 126 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 427
Philosophy of Mind (3) Investigates problems of mind from the standpoint of traditional metaphysical views, modern scientific psychology, neuroscience, and artificial intelligence.
Effective: Spring 1999
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 127 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 432 (S T S 432)
Medical and Health Care Ethics (3) Examines ethical, political, and social issues in the research, implementation, and practice of medicine, medical technologies, and healthcare.
Effective: Fall 1998
Prerequisite: fifth-semester standing

PHIL 433 (S T S 433)
Ethics in Science and Engineering (3) Ethical issues arising in the practice of science and engineering and their philosophical analysis.
Effective: Fall 1995

PHIL 435 (S T S 435)
The Interrelation of Science, Philosophy, and Religion (3) The historical and transformative interactions between science and Western philosophical and religious views of nature, humanity, and God.
Effective: Spring 1996

PHIL 437 (IL)
World Philosophies and Cultures (3) Philosophical traditions, problems, and authors in African, Asian, Middle- Eastern, Native American, or other non-Western cultures and intellectual traditions.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level or 5th semester standing

PHIL 438 (WMNST 438)
Feminist Philosophy (3) Examines the central currents of feminist philosophy, selected problems and concepts regarding difference, gender and sex, identity, and political culture.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including 6 credits of philosophy at the 200-level or 5th semester standing

PHIL 453
Topics in Ancient Philosophy (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Examines the philosophy of central figures in ancient philosophy from the pre-Socratics to the post-Aristotelians and Neoplatonists.
Effective: Fall 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 200 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 455
Topics in Modern Philosophy (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Descartes to Kant, including mind and reality, space and time, God and nature, morality and autonomy.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 202 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 456
Topics in Nineteenth Century Philosophy (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Hegel to Nietzsche, including nature and spirit, history and human nature, ideology and morality.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 203 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 457
Topics in Twentieth Century Philosophy (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Topics in the philosophy of figures such as Husseri, James, Russell, Wittgenstein, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, and Dewey.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 204 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level or 5th semester standing

PHIL 458
Topics in Contemporary Philosophy (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Topics in the philosophy of contemporary figures such as Foucault, Habermas, Rorty, Derrida, Rawls, Davidson, and MacIntyre.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 208 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 461
Plato (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Examines the metaphysics, epistemology, politics, aesthetics, and moral theory of this central figure in the history of philosophy.
Effective: Spring 1999
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 200 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 473
German Idealism (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Critically examines the philosophy of central German idealists, including Kant, Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel, and its impact on later philosophy.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including either PHIL 202 or PHIL 203 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 474
Kant (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Critical examination of the metaphysics, epistemology, aesthetics, legal and moral philosophy, and influence of Immanuel Kant.
Effective: Fall 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits in philosophy including PHIL 202 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 476
Hegel (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Critical examination of the metaphysics, moral theory, epistemology, and philosophy of history of this central figure of 19th-century philosophy.
Effective: Fall 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 203 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 479
Critical Theory (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Examines the ontology, political and social thought of the Frankfurt School from Horkheimer and Adorno to Marcuse and Habermas.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including either PHIL 203 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 485
Heidegger (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Studies Heidegger's metaphysical thought from his early to later works regarding being, history, subjectivity, aesthetics, language, and his influence.
Effective: Fall 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 402 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 486
Wittgenstein (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Examines Wittgenstein's early and late work, including logical atomism, meaning, language games, forms of life, and the private-language argument.
Effective: Fall 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 204 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 487
Analytic Philosophy (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Analytic philosophy's founding by Frege, Russell, Moore, Wittgenstein; and its contemporary development by Quine, Kripke, Dummett, and Davidson.
Effective: Fall 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 202 or PHIL 204 along with 3 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

PHIL 490
Dewey (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Critically examines the metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, logic, aesthetics, education theory, and social and political philosophy of this major American pragmatist.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 401 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200-level

PHIL 491
Merleau-Ponty (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Merleau-Ponty's phenomenological anti-dualism through his studies on the body and the flesh, aesthetics, political philosophy, and late ontology.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 402 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200-level

PHIL 493
Phenomenology and Hermeneutics (3 per semester, maximum of 6) Studies major figures and issues in phenomenology and hermeneutics, focussing on the work of Husserl, Gadamer, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, and Levinas.
Effective: Summer 1998
Prerequisite: 9 credits of philosophy including PHIL 202 and PHIL 204

PHIL 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

PHIL 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

PHIL 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

PHIL 496A
Phil of Religion II (1-6) Study of recent writing in philosophic theology concerning evil, suffering, and religions belief.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

PHIL 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

PHIL 498
Special topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 2001

PHIL 499 (IL)
Foreign Study--Philosophy (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

PL SC 111 (GH)
Debating the Purpose of Government (3) Students will become acquainted with a variety of political theories and debate their usefulness in considering contemporary political controversies.
Effective: Summer 2012

PORT 197
Special topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

PORT 197C (SPAN 197C)
Portuguese for Learners of Spanish (3) This course is designed for leaners of Spanish who wish to acquire Portuguese at an accelerated pace.
Effective: Summer 2014 Ending: Summer 2014Future: Summer 2014

PORT 199 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

PORT 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

PORT 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

PORT 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

PORT 399 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

PORT 405
Advanced Composition and Conversation (3) Intended to strengthen the advanced student's ability to speak, read, and write in modern Brazilian Portuguese.
Effective: Summer 1981
Prerequisite: PORT 003

PORT 476
Brazilian Literature, The Modern Era (1880 to the Present) (3) A survey of the major texts of Brazilian literature from romanticism to the present.
Effective: Summer 1991
Prerequisite: PORT 003

PORT 480
The Brazilian Novel (3) A survey of the Brazilian novel from its origins to the present.
Effective: Spring 1993
Prerequisite: PORT 003 PORT 405

PORT 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

PORT 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

PORT 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

PORT 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

PORT 499 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 001 (GH;US;IL)
Introduction to World Religions (3) An historical and comparative survey of the principal beliefs and practices of the world's major religions.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 003 (GH;US;IL)
Introduction to the Religions of the East (3) Religious experience, thought, patterns of worship, morals, and institutions in relation to culture in Eastern religions.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 004 (CAMS 004, J ST 004) (GH;US;IL)
Jewish and Christian Foundations (3) Introduction to the perspectives, patterns of worship, morality, historical roots, and institutions of the Judaeo-Christian traditions; their relationships to culture.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 007
Inner Lives in Religious Biography (3) Reading and discussion of selected autobiographical and biographical statements to discover and compare different forms of spirituality.
Effective: Fall 1983

RL ST 012 (CAMS 012, J ST 012) (GH;IL)
Lands of the Bible (3) Textual and archaeological evidence for the lands, cities, and peoples associated with the Hebrew Bible and Christian scriptures.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 012U (CAMS 012U, J ST 012U) (GH;IL)
Lands of the Bible (3) Textual and archaeological evidence for the lands, cities, and peoples associated with the Hebrew Bible and Christian scriptures.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

RL ST 044 (CAMS 044) (GH;IL)
Ancient Near Eastern and Egyptian Mythology (3) Survey of major ancient Mediterranean myths, gods, and goddesses in their cultural contexts; influence on later cultures.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 083S (GH)
First-Year Seminar in Religious Studies (3) Critical approaches to the dimensions and directions in Religious Studies.
Effective: Summer 1999

RL ST 090 (CAMS 090, J ST 090) (GH;IL)
Archaeology of Jerusalem: Past and Present (3) Archaeology and history of Jerusalem from earliest times (c. 3000 BCE) to the present.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 101 (GH;IL)
Comparative Religion (3) Comparative or historical analysis of religious factors--worship, theology, ethics, scriptures, etc., in two or more religious traditions.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 102 (CAMS 102, HIST 102, J ST 102) (GH;IL)
Canaan and Israel in Antiquity (3) Political, social, and intellectual history of the land of Canaan/Israel in the Biblical era: Late Bronze and Iron Ages.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 103 (GH;US;IL)
Introduction to Hinduism (3) Historical development of Hinduism to the present.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 104 (GH;US;IL)
Introduction to Buddhism (3) A general survey of the basic doctrine, practice, and historical development of Hinayana and Mahayana Buddhism.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 105 (GH;US;IL)
Buddhism in the Western World (3) A general survey of the development of Buddhism as a religious tradition in the West, focusing especially on America.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 106 (J ST 106) (GH;IL)
Mysticism (3) A survey of the history, philosophy, and cultural impact of various mystical traditions in relation to world religions.
Effective: Spring 2012

RL ST 107 (GH;US;IL)
Introduction to Islam (3) Community and message of the early movement; development of authoritative structures and traditions; proliferation of sects; theology and creeds; mysticism.
Effective: Spring 2006

RL ST 110 (CAMS 110, J ST 110) (GH;US;IL)
Hebrew Bible: Old Testament (3) Introduction to the history, literature, and religion of ancient Israel.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 111 (CAMS 111, J ST 111) (GH;IL)
Early Judaism (3) Religious thought, practices, and parties in the Second Temple period; the emergence of rabbinic Judaism.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 114 (J ST 114) (GH;US;IL)
Modern Judaism (3) Trends in Jewish life and thought since the French revolution; Judaism's responses to the challenge of modernity.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 120 (CAMS 120, J ST 120) (GH)
New Testament (3) Introduction to the history, literature, and religion of early Christianity in its Jewish-Hellenistic setting.
Effective: Spring 2004

RL ST 120H (CAMS 120H, J ST 120H) (GH)
New Testament (3) Introduction to the history, literature, and religion of early Christianity in its Jewish-Hellenistic setting.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

RL ST 121
Jesus of Nazareth (3) An historical critical examination of the life and message of Jesus of Nazareth.
Effective: Spring 1995

RL ST 122 (CAMS 122, J ST 122) (GH;IL)
Apocalypse and Beyond (3) This course surveys apocalyptic literature and apocalyptic movements from the ancient Near East to the modern world.
Effective: Summer 2014 Future: Summer 2014

RL ST 123 (CAMS 123, J ST 123) (GH;IL)
Ancient Monotheisms: Judaism, Christianity, Islam (3) Examines the origins and early development of the three major monotheisms of ancient Near East: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Effective: Summer 2014 Future: Summer 2014

RL ST 124 (CAMS 124, J ST 124) (GH;US;IL)
Early and Medieval Christianity (3) Analysis in cultural context of selected thinkers, ideas, and movements in Christianity from the second through the fifteenth century.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 125W (GH)
Modern Christianity (3) Analysis in cultural context of selected thinkers, ideas, and movements in Christianity from the sixteenth century to the present.
Effective: Summer 1995

RL ST 130 (GH)
The Ethics of Western Religion (3) History of theological-social ethics of the Judaeo-Christian tradition.
Effective: Summer 1995

RL ST 131 (PHIL 132) (GH)
Introduction to Bioethics (3) Studies questions of ethics in relation to biotechnology research and implementation, genetic engineering, medicine, animal and human rights.
Effective: Spring 2003

RL ST 132W
Sects and Cults (3) The origins, beliefs, and practices of new or dissenting religious groups and their relationship to the dominant religious culture.
Effective: Spring 1994

RL ST 134 (CAMS 134, J ST 134) (GH;IL)
Archaeology of Biblical Israel (3) Archaeology of Biblical Israel from 1200 B.C.E. to c. 640 C.E.; relationship between archaeological and textual evidence.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 137 (WMNST 137, J ST 137) (GH;US;IL)
Women and Religion (3) Jewish and Christian religious views on womanhood; thought and lives of important religious women; and feminist understandings of these.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: third-semester standing

RL ST 140Y (AM ST 140Y) (GH;US)
Religion in American Life and Thought (3) The function, contributions, tensions, and perspectives of religion in American culture.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 145 (AF AM 145) (GH;US;IL)
African American Religion (3) History and significance of the religious dimension of the Black American struggle for equality from enslavement to the contemporary period.
Effective: Spring 2013

RL ST 146 (AF AM 146) (GH;US)
The Life and Thought of Martin Luther King, Jr. (3) A survey of the civil rights leader including his religious beliefs, intellectual development, and philosophy for social change.
Effective: Spring 2013

RL ST 147 (AF AM 147) (GH;US)
The Life and Thought of Malcolm X (3) The life of Malcolm X/El Hajj Malik El Shabazz (1925-1965) and his social, political, economic, and moral thought.
Effective: Fall 2013

RL ST 153 (CAMS 153, J ST 153) (GH;IL)
Dead Sea Scrolls (3) Examines the discovery, contents, and interpretations of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Jewish texts from approximately 225 B.C.E. to 68 C.E.
Effective: Summer 2014 Future: Summer 2014

RL ST 160 (CAMS 160, J ST 160) (GH;IL)
Sacrifice in Ancient Religions (3) Examines theories of sacrifice and its manifestations in especially the religions of the ancient Mediterranean world and the Near East.
Effective: Summer 2014 Future: Summer 2014

RL ST 165 (ARAB 165, HIST 165) (IL)
Introduction to Islamic Civilization (3) Islamic history, culture, religious life c.600-1500 C.E.
Effective: Spring 2006

RL ST 181 (IL)
Introduction to the Religions of China and Japan (3) A survey of the history, philosophy, and cultural impact of the major Far Eastern religions: Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and Shinto.
Effective: Spring 2006

RL ST 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

RL ST 235 (HIST 235, J ST 235) (US;IL)
The Church and the Jews (3) Examination of the relationship between Western church and the Jews from the First Century to Enlightenment.
Effective: Spring 2006

RL ST 280 (WMNST 280, J ST 280) (GH;IL)
WOMEN AND JUDAISM (3) Explores the Jewish views of women that have influenced the roles of women wit hin both the religion and Western culture.
Effective: Spring 2006

RL ST 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

RL ST 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

RL ST 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

RL ST 400
Theories of Religion (3) Comparative and interdisciplinary study of two or more systematic theories of religion: anthropological, psychological, sociological, philosophical/theological.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: 6 credits in religious studies or seventh-semester standing

RL ST 407Y (HIST 409Y, J ST 409Y) (IL)
European Anti-Semitism from Antiquity to the Present (3) Surveys the history of anti-Semitism in Europe from antiquity through the Middle Ages to the present.
Effective: Summer 2005

RL ST 408 (US;IL)
Hindu Studies (3) Special topics in Hindu studies.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: 3 credits in religious studies

RL ST 409 (US;IL)
Buddhist Studies (3) Special topics in Buddhist studies.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in religious studies

RL ST 410 (HIST 410, J ST 410) (US;IL)
Jews in the Medieval World (3) Trends in medieval Jewish society under Islam and Western Christendom.
Effective: Spring 2006

RL ST 411 (J ST 411) (US;IL)
Jewish Studies (3) Study of the life and thought of a particular period or movement in the history of Judaism.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in religious studies

RL ST 412 (J ST 412)
American Judaism (3) The development of Jewish religion and culture in America from the colonial era to the present.
Effective: Summer 1999
Prerequisite: HEBR 010 or J ST 010

RL ST 420
Major Christian Thinkers (3) Systematic inquiry into the religious thought of one or more Christian thinkers, such as Paul, Augustine, Luther, Calvin, Kierkegaard, or Tillich.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: 3 credits in religious studies

RL ST 422 (AM ST 422)
Religion and American Culture (3 per semester/maximum of 6) Selected topics, problems, or historical movements in American religion. Relation between religion and American culture.
Effective: Summer 1996

RL ST 424H (HIST 424H, J ST 424H)
Monotheism and the Birth of the West (3) The birth of monotheism and its relation to social organization, the idea of individuality, and science.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: RL ST 004 RL ST 102 RL ST 110 or RL ST 120

RL ST 440Y (US;IL)
The Orthodox Christian Tradition (3) History, culture, and beliefs of the Eastern Orthodox religious tradition with special reference to Russia.
Effective: Summer 2011
Prerequisite: RL ST 004 RL ST 124 RL ST 125 RUS 100 or RUS 110

RL ST 471Y (HIST 471Y) (IL)
Classical Islamic Civilization, 600-1258 (3) Pre-Islamic Arabia; Muhammad; Arab conquest; Islamic beliefs and institutions; literary, artistic, and scientific achievements; relations with Europe; breakdown of unity.
Effective: Spring 2006

RL ST 478 (J ST 478)
Ethics After the Holocaust (3) Explores the philosophical effects of the Holocaust for thinking about the primary question: Is ethics possible?
Effective: Summer 2012
Prerequisite: one course in Jewish Studies or Philosophy

RL ST 483 (IL)
Zen Buddhism (3) The development and current state of Zen Buddhist thought and practice.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: HIST 172 HIST 173 HIST 174 HIST 175 PHIL 111 RL ST 003 RL ST 104 or RL ST 181

RL ST 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

RL ST 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

RL ST 495
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, non-group instruction, including field experience, practica, or internships.
Effective: Summer 2004
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

RL ST 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

RL ST 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

RL ST 499 (IL)
Foreign Study--Religious Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

RUS 083S (GH;US;IL)
First-Year Seminar in Russian (3) Russia's cultural past and present.
Effective: Summer 2005

RUS 099 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

RUS 100 (GH;IL)
Russian Culture and Civilization (3) The Russian people from the tenth century to present times; their literature, arts, music, science, and philosophy. In English.
Effective: Summer 2005

RUS 110 (GH;IL)
Russian Folklore (3) Study of byliny, lyrical and historical songs, folktales, drama, ceremonial poetry, chants, charms, proverbs, and mythology of Russia. In English.
Effective: Summer 2005

RUS 141Y (IL)
Russian Literature in English Translation: 1800-1870 (3) Pushkin, Lermontov, Gogol, the critics, Turgenev, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy. Writing assignments will serve as a major way of exploring subject matter.
Effective: Spring 2006

RUS 142Y (IL)
Russian Literature in English Translation: 1870 to Present (3) Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Chekhov, Gorky, symbolists, selected Soviet authors. Writing assignments will serve as a major way of exploring subject matter.
Effective: Spring 2006

RUS 143 (GER 143) (GH;IL)
The Culture of Stalinism and Nazism (3) The culture of Stalinist Russia and Nazi Germany in comparative perspective.
Effective: Summer 2005

RUS 196
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, that are supervised on an individual basis and that fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Spring 2004

RUS 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

RUS 199 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

RUS 204 (IL)
Intermediate Russian II (4) Intensive practice of Russian reading, writing, listening and speaking; review of Russian grammar.
Effective: Summer 2011
Prerequisite: RUS 003

RUS 214 (IL)
Intermediate Russian III (4) Intensive practice of Russian reading, writing, listening and speaking; review of Russian grammar.
Effective: Summer 2011
Prerequisite: RUS 003

RUS 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

RUS 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Summer 1986

RUS 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Summer 1986

RUS 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

RUS 304 (IL)
Readings in Russian III (3) Extensive reading of contemporary Russian texts, including articles from Soviet press and short fiction.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 6 credits of Russian at the 200 level

RUS 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

RUS 399 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

RUS 400 (IL)
Senior Seminar in Russian Culture (3) Senior seminar devoted to topics in Russian culture; conducted in Russian.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: RUS 204 RUS 214 RUS 304

RUS 412 (IL)
Russian Translation (3 per semester/maximum of 6) Translation from Russian into English of complex texts from the humanities, social sciences, and technical fields.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 9 credits of Russian at the 200 level or higher

RUS 426 (IL)
Dostoevsky (3) Study of representative works by Dostoevsky in the original Russian.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 9 credits of Russian at the 200 level or higher

RUS 427 (IL)
Tolstoy (3) Study of representative works by Tolstoy in the original Russian.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 9 credits of Russian at the 200 level or higher

RUS 460 (IL)
Linguistic Analysis of Contemporary Russian (3) Detailed study of the phonology, morphology, and syntax of Modern Standard Russian and the major dialects.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 9 credits of Russian at the 200 level or higher

RUS 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

RUS 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

RUS 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

RUS 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

RUS 499 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

S T S 100 (GH)
Science, Technology, and Culture (3) A survey of the development and culture of science, technology, and medicine in world history.
Effective: Spring 2011

S T S 101 (GH)
Modern Science, Technology, and Human values (3) Relationships of science and technology to human aspirations, values, and arts.
Effective: Spring 1996

S T S 101H (GH)
Modern Science, Technology, and Human values (3) Relationships of science and technology to human aspirations, values, and arts.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

S T S 107 (PHIL 107) (GH)
Introduction to Philosophy of Technology (3) The character of technology; its relation to human values; philosophical assumptions in its development; and how it transforms the world.
Effective: Spring 2004

S T S 122 (HIST 122) (GH)
History of Science I (3) A history of science and culture from Stonehenge to the scientific revolution.
Effective: Spring 2005 Ending: Summer 2014

S T S 122 (GH)
History of Science I (3) A history of science and culture from Stonehenge to the scientific revolution.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014

S T S 123 (HIST 123) (GH)
History of Science II (3) A history of science and culture from the scientific revolution to the present.
Effective: Spring 2004 Ending: Summer 2014

S T S 123 (GH)
History of Science II (3) A history of science and culture from the scientific revolution to the present.
Effective: Fall 2014 Future: Fall 2014

S T S 233 (PHIL 233) (GH)
Ethics and the Design of Technology (3) Ethics and individual and group decision-making in the design of technology including design projects and specific attention to institutional ethics.
Effective: Spring 2004

S T S 407 (PHIL 407)
Technology and Human Values (3) Interrelationships of twentieth-century technological change and human values. Emphasis on the social and ethical aspects of technological progress.
Effective: Spring 1999
Prerequisite: 9 credits in philosophy including PHIL 107 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

S T S 428 (HIST 428) (IL)
The Darwinian Revolution (3) The origins and implications of evolutionary theory.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: An introductory Science course and a history course.

S T S 432 (PHIL 432)
Medical and Health Care Ethics (3) Examines ethical, political, and social issues in the research, implementation, and practice of medicine, medical technologies, and healthcare.
Effective: Fall 1998
Prerequisite: fifth-semester standing

S T S 433 (PHIL 433)
Ethics in Science and Engineering (3) Ethical issues arising in the practice of science and engineering and their philosophical analysis.
Effective: Fall 1995

S T S 435 (PHIL 435)
The Interrelation of Science, Philosophy, and Religion (3) The historical and transformative interactions between science and Western philosophical and religious views of nature, humanity, and God.
Effective: Spring 1996

S T S 457 (HIST 457, WMNST 457) (US;IL)
The History of Women in Science (3) Critical analysis of the role women, gender, and minorities have played in the natural sciences.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: HIST 116 HIST 117 WMNST 100 WMNST 106 or WMNST 157

SPAN 083S (GH;IL)
First-Year Seminar in Hispanic Literatures and Cultures (3) Introduction to the study of Hispanic literatures and cultures.
Effective: Summer 2005

SPAN 099 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

SPAN 100A
Intermediate Grammar and Composition for Spanish Bilinguals (3) A review of grammar and practice with composition focusing on needs and problems specific to Spanish-speaking bilinguals.
Effective: Spring 1996
Prerequisite: placement

SPAN 105
Elementary Spanish I for Students in the Agricultural Sciences (4) The course covers basic Spanish, grammar, and oral, aural, and writing skills for students in the Agricultural Sciences. Students who have received high school credit for two or more years of Spanish may not schedule this course for credit without the permission of the instructor. This course does not count toward Spanish majors or the Spanish minor.
Effective: Spring 2014

SPAN 130 (GH;IL)
Iberian Civilization (3) Spanish and Portuguese life from the medieval period to the present; literature, the arts, and contemporary problems in historical perspective.
Effective: Spring 2006

SPAN 131 (GH;US;IL)
Ibero-American Civilization (3) Spanish American and Brazilian life from the Conquest to the present; literature, art, the indigenous heritage, and contemporary problems.
Effective: Summer 2005

SPAN 131U (GH;US;IL)
Ibero-American Civilization (3) Spanish American and Brazilian life from the Conquest to the present; literature, art, the indigenous heritage, and contemporary problems.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

SPAN 131Y (GH;US;IL)
Ibero-American Civilization (3) Spanish American and Brazilian life from the Conquest to the present; literature, art, the indigenous heritage, and contemporary problems.
Effective: Summer 2005

SPAN 132 (AF AM 132, AFR 132) (IL)
Afro-Hispanic Civilization (3) A general introduction to human and cultural elements of African origin in Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking countries of Latin America.
Effective: Spring 2013

SPAN 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

SPAN 197A
Medical Spanish: Health Issues and Cultural Awareness (3) This course is designed to develop oral and written communication skills using specialized vocabulary in the health care field. In addition, the course incorporates contemporary and essential cultural aspects of the health of the Hispanic population residing in the United States.
Effective: Summer 2014 Ending: Summer 2014Future: Summer 2014
Prerequisite: SPAN 003

SPAN 197B
Spanish in the Media (3) Content-based course for Spanish majors aimed to develop communication skills through a focus on mass media in Hispanic culture. This online course is a perfect match for double majors in Spanish and Media (Advertitins/Public Relations, Media Studies, Journalism, etc). This course is restriced to students who are Communication majors or pre-majors.
Effective: Summer 2014 Ending: Summer 2014Future: Summer 2014
Prerequisite: SPAN 003

SPAN 197C (PORT 197C)
Portuguese for Learners for Spanish (3) This course is designed for learners of Spanish who wish to acquire Portuguese at an accelerated pace.
Effective: Summer 2014 Ending: Summer 2014Future: Summer 2014

SPAN 197D
Catalan (3) Intensive introduction to the Catalan language and culture.
Effective: Summer 2014 Ending: Summer 2014Future: Summer 2014
Prerequisite: basic reading knowledge of another Romance langauge (Spanish French Italian Portuguese or Romanian)

SPAN 210
Readings in Iberian Civilization (3) Intermediate level Spanish readings dealing with Iberian life from pre-historic times to the present.
Effective: Spring 1993
Prerequisite: SPAN 200

SPAN 220
Readings in Ibero-American Civilization (3) Intermediate level Spanish readings dealing with Ibero-American life from the pre-conquest to the present.
Effective: Spring 1992
Prerequisite: SPAN 200

SPAN 230 (GH)
Masterpieces of Spanish Literature in English Translation (3) Study of works and authors of international importance; lectures, readings, and written works in English.
Effective: Spring 2003

SPAN 253W
Introduction to Hispanic Literature (3) Introduction to generic distinctions, critical methods, and approaches to Hispanic literature.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: SPAN 100 and SPAN 110

SPAN 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

SPAN 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

SPAN 296A
Intensive Grammar Review and Composition (1-6) Intensive review of Spanish grammar from basic to complicated structures. Student progress will be assessed through grammar exercise, assigned reading, and weekly compositions.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: SPAN 100

SPAN 296B
Aid in Teaching Spanish (1) Student will learn to teach effectively by developing supplemental teaching materials which will be used with Spanish classes.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: SPAN 003

SPAN 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

SPAN 297A
Contemporary Latin American Cinema (3) This course explores Latin American cultures through the study of films of the past quarter of a century.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

SPAN 297A
Sport and Modernity in Latin America (3) This course will provide an interpretative framework for understanding the enormous success of sport in Latin America and its larger role in the global economic and geopolitical landscape.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

SPAN 299 (IL)
Foreign Study--Intermediate Conversational Spanish (3) Grammar review and practice in oral expression and aural comprehension.
Effective: Summer 2005

SPAN 300
Advanced Grammar and Composition Through Reading (3) Development of advanced grammar and composition skills through reading texts by native speakers and adapting their techniques for original compositions.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: SPAN 200

SPAN 301
Advanced Writing and Stylistics in Spanish for Spanish Speakers (3) This course will enhance writing proficiency in Spanish of Spanish speaking students by targeting common problems characteristic of Spanish speakers.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: SPAN 100A

SPAN 353
Survey of Spanish Literature before 1700 (3) Selected major works of prose, poetry, and drama from the Middle Ages to the end of the seventeenth century.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: SPAN 253W

SPAN 354
Survey of Spanish Literature Since 1700 (3) Selected major works of prose, poetry, and drama from the eighteenth century to the present.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: SPAN 253W

SPAN 355
Survey of Spanish American Literature through "Modernismo" (3) Selected major works of prose, poetry, and drama from the discovery through "modernismo".
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: SPAN 253W

SPAN 356
Survey of Spanish American Literature after "Modernismo" (3) Historical survey of the major figures and periods in Spanish American literature after "modernismo".
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: SPAN 253W

SPAN 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

SPAN 397
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Summer 1999

SPAN 420
Spanish for Business and International Trade (3) Introduction to the Spanish of international business and to the social and cultural norms of negotiation in Spanish-speaking countries.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: SPAN 300

SPAN 439
Don Quijote (3) Thorough study of the masterpiece, including its sources, genesis, language, style, success, and influence.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: SPAN 253W

SPAN 472
The Contemporary Spanish American Novel (3) The regionalist and social novel since 1910, together with the social background.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: SPAN 253W

SPAN 476
Masterpieces of Spanish American Literature (3) Reading, analysis, and discussion of selected major works representative of Spanish American prose and poetry.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: SPAN 253W

SPAN 490
Masterpieces of Spanish Prose (3) Reading, analysis, and discussion of selected masterpieces of Spanish novels, short stories, etc.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: SPAN 253W

SPAN 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

SPAN 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

SPAN 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

SPAN 496A
Advanced Oral Communication (1-6) Emphasis on achieving practical command of spoken Spanish and the comprehension of native speech with the use of journalistic materials.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: SPAN 200

SPAN 496B
Existentialist in Post-Civil War Spain (2) Existentalist themes in the literature of post-Civil War Spain.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

SPAN 496C
CLS Research Assistant (1-3) Gain experience as a research assistant learning methods of collecting data for research purposes. Credit received is based on hours worked in lab.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

SPAN 496D
Latin American Sustainability (3) Analysis of industry trends concerning sustainable energy in Latin American countries.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

SPAN 496E
Preparatory Research for Palenque Colombia (3) Preparation for field research in bilingualism.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

SPAN 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

SPAN 497A
Contemporary Latin American Cinema (3) This course explores Latin American cultures through the study of films of the past quarter of a century.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

SPAN 497A
Contemporary Youth Cultures in Latin America (3) Music bazaars, DJs and rave parties, and "barras de futbol," are only some of the manifestations associated with young people in Latin American literature, film, and music. In this course, we will compare different youth cultures in Latin America in terms of their productions and representations in the public sphere.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

SPAN 497B
Latinas/Hispanic Women Today: Literature, Film, and Popular Culture (3) This course explores the contributions of Latinas/Hispanic women to contemporary literature, film, and popular culture, so as to deepen the understanding of the complex Spanish-speaking world and the richness of its cultures.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

SPAN 497B
Language Variation Across the Spanish-Speaking World (3) Esta o ehta? Yo digo o digo yo? We will discuss langauge variation across the Spanish-speaking world with a focus on phonology and morphosyntax. We will also discuss bilingualism and different varieties of Spanish spoken in the U.S., and will work with data sets to illustrate the methodologies used for studying language variation.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

SPAN 497C
Cine Exotico: Oscar viaja por Latino America (3) A survey of Latin American films which have been nominated and/or won the Oscar for the "Best Foreign Film."
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

SPAN 497C
Latino Culture en Espanol (3) This is an overview of literature and culture, in Spanish, created within the United States. We will read fiction, essays and film, but also consider poetry, travel accounts, visual art and performances, and cultural practice and sociological issues (like "quinceaneras" and and soccer leagues) in order to discuss some of the following themes particular to the Hispanic experience within the U.S.: immigration and transnationalism; the imaginary homeland; families and assimilation; conflicted identity; language and a sense of place.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

SPAN 499 (IL)
Foreign Study--Spanish (1-12) Contemporary Spanish life and civilization. Emphasis on post-Civil War period: literature, arts, and sociopolitical problems.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: SPAN 100 SPAN 110 or SPAN 120

WMNST 008 (PHIL 008) (GH)
Philosophy and Feminism (3) Explores diverse feminist philosophies of culture and knowledge, and examines gender's role in accounts of reality, truth, morality, and justice.
Effective: Spring 2006

WMNST 008H (PHIL 008H) (GH)
Philosophy and Feminism (3) Explores diverse feminist philosophies of culture and knowledge, and examines gender's role in accounts of reality, truth, morality, and justice.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

WMNST 083S (GH;US;IL)
First-Year Seminar in Women's Studies (3) Critical approaches to the dimensions and directions in Women's Studies.
Effective: Summer 2005

WMNST 101 (AF AM 101) (GH;US)
The African American Woman (3) The sociological, historical and political experiences of African American women, their roles and contributions to society.
Effective: Spring 2013

WMNST 101U (GH;US)
The African American Woman (3) The sociological, historical and political experiences of African American women, their roles and contributions to society.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

WMNST 101U (AF AM 101U) (GH;US)
The African American Woman (3) The sociological, historical and political experiences of African American women, their roles and contributions to society.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

WMNST 101U (AF AM 101U) (GH;US)
The African American Woman (3) The sociological, historical and political experiences of African American women, their roles and contributions to society.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

WMNST 104 (AM ST 104) (GH;US)
Women and the American Experience (3) Selected aspects of the role of women in United States history and culture from colonial to modern times.
Effective: Summer 2005

WMNST 106 (GH;US;IL)
Representing Women and Gender in Literature, Art and Popular Cultures (3) Interdisciplinary consideration of primary works and scholarship pertaining to women in the humanities and the arts.
Effective: Spring 2013

WMNST 106U (GH;US;IL)
Representing Women and Gender in Literature, Art and Popular Cultures (3) Interdisciplinary consideration of primary works and scholarship pertaining to women in the humanities and the arts.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

WMNST 106U (GH;US;IL)
Representing Women and Gender in Literature, Art and Popular Cultures (3) Interdisciplinary consideration of primary works and scholarship pertaining to women in the humanities and the arts.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014Future: Fall 2014

WMNST 106U (GH;US;IL)
Representing Women and Gender in Literature, Art and Popular Cultures (3) Interdisciplinary consideration of primary works and scholarship pertaining to women in the humanities and the arts.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

WMNST 117 (HIST 117) (GH;US;IL)
Women in Modern History (3) Modernization and women: changing images and roles since mid-eighteenth century in the family, workshop, politics, society. Cross-cultural comparisons.
Effective: Summer 2005

WMNST 117U (GH;US;IL)
Women in Modern History (3) Modernization and women: changing images and roles since mid-eighteenth century in the family, workshop, politics, society. Cross-cultural comparisons.
Effective: Spring 2014 Ending: Spring 2014

WMNST 137 (RL ST 137, J ST 137) (GH;US;IL)
Women and Religion (3) Jewish and Christian religious views on womanhood; thought and lives of important religious women; and feminist understandings of these.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: third-semester standing

WMNST 194 (ENGL 194) (GH;US;IL)
Women Writers (3) Short stories, novels, poetry, drama, and essays by British, American, and other English-speaking women writers.
Effective: Summer 2005

WMNST 270 (FR 270)
Race and Gender in Literature Translated from French (3) A critical presentation, taught in English, of changing ideas and values on race and gender in French and Francophone literatures.
Effective: Spring 2005
Prerequisite: FR 351

WMNST 280 (J ST 280, RL ST 280) (GH;IL)
Women and Judaism (3) Explores the Jewish views of women that have influenced the roles of women within both the religion and Western culture.
Effective: Fall 2006

WMNST 421 (HIST 421) (IL)
The History of European Women (3) European women's lives from the Middle Ages to the present.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: WMNST 100 WMNST 106 WMNST 116 or WMNST 117

WMNST 457 (HIST 457, S T S 457) (US;IL)
The History of Women in Science (3) Critical analysis of the roles women, gender, and minorities have played in the natural sciences.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: WMNST 100 WMNST 106 WMNST 157 WMNST 116 or WMNST 117

WMNST 462 (ENGL 462) (US)
Reading Black, Reading Feminist (3) Female identity and its construction in textual representations of gender, class, color, and cultural difference in English-language literatures.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030

WMNST 490 (ENGL 490) (US;IL)
Women Writers and Their Worlds (3) American and British literature written from the perspective of women.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: ENGL 015 or ENGL 030