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University Bulletin

Undergraduate Degree Programs

B.A. Degree Requirements: Social and Behavioral Sciences

674 Courses

AF AM 100 (GS;US)
Evolving Status of Blacks in the Twentieth Century: Interdisciplinary Perspectives (3) An interdisciplinary, team-taught exploration of the evolving status of Black Americans in the twentieth century. Emphasis on the civil rights movement.
Effective: Spring 2013 Ending: Fall 2014

AF AM 100 (GS;US)
Living While Black: Themes in African American Thought and Experience (3) What it means to be Black in America by engaging with questions about identity and authenticity, freedom and unfreedom, radicalism and reform, gender and sexuality, and the role of music in African American life.
Effective: Spring 2015 Future: Spring 2015

AF AM 103 (SOC 103, WMNST 103) (US)
Racism and Sexism (3) Critical analysis of the structure of race and gender in the contemporary United States.
Effective: Spring 2013

AF AM 210 (HIST 210) (GH;US)
Between Accommodation and Alienation: African Americans in a Jim Crow Nation, 1896-1932 (3) The course will explore the context and events that shaped African American life over the period 1896-1932.
Effective: Spring 2013 Ending: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: AF AM 100 HIST 021

AF AM 210 (HIST 210) (GH;US)
Freedom's First Generation: African American Life and Work, 1865 to World War II (3) The course will explore the context and events that shaped African American life over the period 1896-1932.
Effective: Spring 2015 Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: AF AM 100 HIST 021

AF AM 250 (HIST 250) (GH;IL)
Introduction to the Modern Caribbean (3) A survey course which, explores the historical evolution and emergence of the modern Caribbean.
Effective: Fall 2012

AF AM 409 (SOC 409) (US)
Racial and Ethnic Inequality in America (3) The impact of inequality and discrimination on individual and group identity among various racial and ethnic groups.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: SOC 001

AF AM 409U (US)
Racial and Ethnic Inequality in America (3) The impact of inequality and discrimination on individual and group identity among various racial and ethnic groups.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: SOC 001

AF AM 432 (HIST 432) (IL)
Between Nation and Empire: The Caribbean in the 20th Century (3) An exploration of the political evolution of the Caribbean Region over the course of the 20th Century.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: AF AM 250

AF AM 445Y (LER 445Y, PL SC 445Y) (US)
Politics of Affirmative Action (3) Examines history, politics, and economics of the use of special programs to advance racial interests in the U.S.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: AAA S 100 level course and PL SC 001 or PL SC 007

AFR 110 (GS;IL)
Introduction to Contemporary Africa (3) Consideration of influences and forces shaping modern African society; analysis of current local and global problems and issues facing Africa.
Effective: Fall 2012

AFR 110U (GS;IL)
Introduction to Contemporary Africa (3) Consideration of influences and forces shaping modern African society; analysis of current local and global problems and issues facing Africa.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

AFR 110U (GS;IL)
Introduction to Contemporary Africa (3) Consideration of influences and forces shaping modern African society; analysis of current local and global problems and issues facing Africa.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

AFR 440 (PL SC 440, I B 440) (US;IL)
Globalization and Its Implications (3) This course explores the socioeconomic implications of globalization.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: AF AM 100 or AFR 110 or PL SC 003 or PL SC 014 or PL SC 020 or PL SC 022

AFR 443 (PL SC 443) (IL)
Ethnic Conflict in Africa (3) This course explores the various causes and impacts of ethnic conflicts in the African context.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: AF AM 100 AFR 110 PL SC 001 PL SC 003 PL SC 007 PL SC 014 PL SC 017 PL SC 020 or AFRAS 301

AFR 459 (PL SC 459) (IL)
Culture and World Politics (3) Role of culture in world politics.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: PL SC 014

AG BM 101 (GS)
Economic Principles of Agribusiness Decision Making (3) Introduction to economic principles and their application to real world examples of agribusiness management issues.
Effective: Summer 2013

AM ST 106 (COMM 100) (GS)
The Mass Media and Society (3) Mass communications in the United States: organization, role, content, and effects of newspapers, magazines, television, radio, books, and films.
Effective: Fall 2013

ANTH 001 (GS;US;IL)
Introductory Anthropology (3) Prehistoric and traditional peoples and cultures; traditional customs and institutions compared with those of modern society.
Effective: Summer 2005

ANTH 002 (GS)
Introduction to Archaeology (3) Survey of basic approaches used by archaeologists to interpret basic prehistoric human cultural patterns.
Effective: Spring 2000

ANTH 008 (GS;IL)
Aztecs, Mayas, and Incas (3) Comparative survey of the development of the pre-Columbian Latin American civilizations.
Effective: Summer 2005

ANTH 009 (GS;IL)
Rise of Civilization in the Old World (3) Evolution of Old World complex societies, especially the first great civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, and the Indus Valley.
Effective: Spring 2006

ANTH 011 (GS;IL)
Introductory North American Archaeology (3) Introduction to archaeology of the North American Indians; sites, methods, and results of research interpreted in cultural history.
Effective: Summer 2005

ANTH 040
Biocultural Evolution (3) Examination of evolutionary models of the development of the human capacity for culture, and of culture as an adaptive mechanism.
Effective: Fall 1986

ANTH 040H
Biocultural Evolution (3) Examination of evolutionary models of the development of the human capacity for culture, and of culture as an adaptive mechanism.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

ANTH 040H
Biocultural Evolution (3) Examination of evolutionary models of the development of the human capacity for culture, and of culture as an adaptive mechanism.
Effective: Fall 2015 Ending: Fall 2015Future: Fall 2015

ANTH 045 (GS;US;IL)
Cultural Anthropology (3) Beginnings of human culture; economic life, society, government, religion, and art among traditional peoples.
Effective: Summer 2005

ANTH 045U (GS;US;IL)
Cultural Anthropology (3) Beginnings of human culture; economic life, society, government, religion, and art among traditional peoples.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

ANTH 045U (GS;US;IL)
Cultural Anthropology (3) Beginnings of human culture; economic life, society, government, religion, and art among traditional peoples.
Effective: Fall 2015 Ending: Fall 2015Future: Fall 2015

ANTH 083S (GS)
First-Year Seminar in Anthropology (3) This seminar introduces students to anthropology as a scientific discipline with ties to other social and natural sciences.
Effective: Summer 1999

ANTH 120 (GS;IL)
First Farmers (3) Cross-cultural comparison of the origins of plant and animal domestication and the earliest farming societies.
Effective: Summer 2013

ANTH 146 (GS;US)
North American Indians (3) An introduction to the cultures of the indigenous peoples of North America, north of Mexico, and the effect of contact.
Effective: Spring 2006

ANTH 152
Hunters and Gatherers (3) A comparative study of hunter/gatherer societies using both archaeological and ethnographic evidence.
Effective: Fall 1986

ANTH 221 (GS;IL)
The Ancient Maya (3) The Maya and their neighbors: Origin and Evolution of Classic Maya civilization.
Effective: Spring 2012
Prerequisite: any anthropology course on 100 level or below

ANTH 222 (GS;IL)
Archaeology of Domesticated Animals (3) Biological, ecological and cultural history of animal domestication.
Effective: Summer 2013

ANTH 223 (GS;IL)
European Prehistory (3) The prehistory of European societies from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Iron Age.
Effective: Summer 2013
Prerequisite: 3 credits in 100 level or below ANTH course

ANTH 241 (IL)
Peoples and Cultures of Highland New Guinea (3) History, ecology, social, economic, religious, and political systems of the aboriginal peoples and cultures of highland New Guinea.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: ANTH 001 or ANTH 045

ANTH 285 (GS;IL)
Culture Contact (3) Survey of changes in indigenous societies following contact with colonial powers.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: ANTH 002 ANTH 045

ANTH 408
Anthropological Demography (3) Analysis of demographic studies in traditional and very small populations.
Effective: Fall 2003
Prerequisite: 3 credits in anthropology

ANTH 420 (J ST 420)
Archaeology of the Near East (3) Culture of the Near East and India from Paleolithic times through the Bronze Age.
Effective: Summer 1999
Prerequisite: ANTH 008 ANTH 009 ANTH 011 or ANTH 012

ANTH 422
Meso-American Archaeology and Ethnography (3) Survey of ethnohistorical and ethnographic patterns of Meso-American society; origin and development of ancient civilization in Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras.
Effective: Spring 1999
Prerequisite: ANTH 008 ANTH 009 ANTH 011 or ANTH 012

ANTH 423
The Evolution of American Indian Culture (3) Historic and archaeological sources used to trace American Indian lifestyles from the first immigrants to the period of Euro-American contact.
Effective: Spring 1999
Prerequisite: 3 credits in anthropology

ANTH 424
Andean Ethnology and Archaeology (3) Cultures of the Andes from earliest settlements to Inka Empire; includes discussion of life in modern Andean communities.
Effective: Spring 2002
Prerequisite: ANTH 002 ANTH 045

ANTH 435 (IL)
Ancient Economy (3) The course examines the comparative organization and development of ancient economies in both the Old and New Worlds.
Effective: Summer 2013

ANTH 440
South American Tribal Societies (3) Ethnographic survey of tribal societies in South America. Special emphasis on non-Andean area.
Effective: Fall 1986

ANTH 450
Comparative Social Organization (3) Social structure and cultural change among nonliterate societies.
Effective: Fall 1986
Prerequisite: ANTH 045

ANTH 451
Economic Anthropology (3) Different approaches to the study of the economics of non-Western societies, emphasizing the interrelationships between noneconomic factors and economic behavior.
Effective: Fall 1986
Prerequisite: ANTH 045

ANTH 453
Anthropology of Religion (3) Traditional and modern religions and historical and contemporary religious movements from an anthropological perspective.
Effective: Fall 2003
Prerequisite: ANTH 001 or ANTH 045

ANTH 455
Global Processes and Local Systems (3) Ethnographic, comparative, historic, evolutionary treatment of global economic, political, and cultural processes and their consequences for local systems.
Effective: Fall 2001
Prerequisite: ANTH 045

ANTH 456
Cultural Ecology (3) Survey of the methods and concepts of cultural ecology, focusing on the interaction between cultural and geographical systems.
Effective: Fall 1986
Prerequisite: 3 credits in anthropology

ANTH 457 (J ST 457, SOC 457) (US;IL)
Jewish Communities: Identity, Survival, and Transformation in Unexpected Places (3) Examines the global array of smaller Jewish communities that have flourished outside the main urban centers of Jewish settlement.
Effective: Summer 2006
Prerequisite: ANTH 001 or ANTH 045 HEBR 010 J ST 010 SOC 001 SOC 005 SOC 007 SOC 015

ANTH 458
Ethnographic Field Methods (3) Course introduces students to ethnographic field methods, includes student projects and simple analyses that don't require statistical sophistication.
Effective: Spring 2009
Prerequisite: ANTH 045

APLNG 083S (GS;US;IL)
First-Year Seminar in Applied Linguistics (3) Introduction to the application of theories of language to cognition, culture, gender, society, and second language acquisition.
Effective: Summer 2005

APLNG 410
Teaching American English Pronunciation (3) Study and application of principles of North American English phonetics and theories of teaching pronunciation.
Effective: Fall 2001

CAMS 012 (J ST 012, RL ST 012) (GH;IL)
Lands of the Bible (3) Textual and archaeological evidence for the lands, cities, and peoples associated with the Hebrew Bible and Christian scriptures.
Effective: Summer 2005

CAMS 012U (J ST 012U, RL ST 012U) (GH;IL)
Lands of the Bible (3) Textual and archaeological evidence for the lands, cities, and peoples associated with the Hebrew Bible and Christian scriptures.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

CAS 083S (GS)
First-Year Seminar in Speech Communication (3) Introduction to major theoretical, critical, research and pedagogical issues in human communication.
Effective: Fall 2003

CAS 101 (GS)
Introduction to Human Communication (3) Introduction to major theoretical, critical, research and pedagogical issues in human communication.
Effective: Fall 2003

CAS 202 (GS)
Introduction to Communication Theory (3) Survey of human communication studies in relational, interpersonal, group, organization, intercultural, health, technology and communication systems.
Effective: Spring 2003

CAS 450W
Group Communication Theory and Research (3) Selected theories of problem solving through group discussion emphasizing participation and leadership.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: CAS 100 or CAS 250

CAS 475
Studies in Public Address (3) History and criticism of public discourse; intensive analysis of selected public addresses and social movements.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: CAS 100

CED 155 (GS)
Science, Technology and Public Policy (3) This course will survey the main issues that relate science and technology to public policy.
Effective: Summer 2013

COMM 100 (AM ST 106) (GS)
The Mass Media and Society (3) Mass communications in the United States: organization, role, content, and effects of newspapers, magazines, television, radio, books, and films.
Effective: Fall 2013

COMM 100S (GS)
The Mass Media and Society (3) Mass communications in the United States: organization, role, content, and effects of newspapers, magazines, television, radio, books, and films.
Effective: Fall 2005

COMM 180 (GS)
Survey of Electronic Media and Telecommunications (3) The development of electronic media and telecommunications, emphasizing social, economic, political and global impact.
Effective: Fall 2006

COMM 205 (WMNST 205) (US)
Women, Minorities, and the Media (3) Analysis of historical, economic, legal, political, and social implications of the relationship between women, minorities, and the mass media.
Effective: Summer 2005 Ending: Fall 2014

COMM 205 (WMNST 205) (GS;US)
Gender, Diversity and the Media (3) Explores the relationship between media and society through critical analysis of its role in social reality.
Effective: Spring 2015 Future: Spring 2015

COMM 205U (GS;US)
Gender, Diversity and the Media (3) Explores the relationship between media and society through critical analysis of its role in social reality.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

COMM 401
Mass Media in History (3) Relationship of news media to social, economic, and political developments in the Western world.
Effective: Fall 1986

COMM 403
Law of Mass Communications (3) Nature and theories of law; the Supreme Court and press freedom; legal problems of the mass media.
Effective: Fall 1986

COMM 405
Political Economy of Communications (3) Structure and functions of American and other mass communications systems and their relationship to political and economic systems.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 102

COMM 408 (S T S 408)
Cultural Foundations of Communications (3) Examination of oral, scribal, print, industrial, and electronic cultures; analysis of impact of technology on communications and social structure.
Effective: Spring 2009
Prerequisite: select 3 credits from COMM 100 COMM 110 COMM 118 COMM 150 COMM 180 COMM 251 COMM 260W COMM 320 COMM 370 ; or 3 credits of S T S

COMM 409
News Media Ethics (3) Ethical problems in the practice of journalism; principal public criticisms of news media; case study approach.
Effective: Fall 2006

COMM 410 (IL)
International Mass Communications (3) The role of international media in communication among and between nations and peoples.
Effective: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: select 3 credits from the following COMM 100 COMM 110 COMM 118 COMM 150 COMM 180 COMM 251 COMM 260W COMM 320 or COMM 370

COMM 411
Cultural Aspects of the Mass Media (3) The mass media as creators and critics of mass culture in American life; relationships between the media and mass culture.
Effective: Spring 2009
Prerequisite: 6 credits in the arts or the humanities; and 3 credits selected from the following COMM 100 COMM 110 COMM 118 COMM 150 COMM 180 COMM 251 COMM 260W COMM 320 or COMM 370

COMM 413
The Mass Media and the Public (3) Nature of mass communications, relationships between mass media and public, media influences on opinion; social pressures on the media.
Effective: Spring 2009
Prerequisite: 3 credits selected from the following: COMM 100 COMM 110 COMM 118 COMM 150 COMM 180 COMM 251 COMM 260W COMM 320 or COMM 370

COMM 413W
The Mass Media and the Public (3) Social-level and political theories of the relationships between media and public; media influences on public opinion; social pressure on the media; political communications.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: select 3 credits from the following COMM 100 COMM 118 COMM 150 COMM 180 COMM 251 COMM 260W COMM 320 or COMM 370 and select 3 credits from the following: COMM 304 COMM 420

COMM 417
Ethics and Regulation in Advertising and Public Relations (3) Ethical issues in practice of advertising and public relations; legal and regulatory issues; case studies.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: COMM 320 or COMM 370

COMM 419 (US;IL)
World Media Systems (3) Comparative study of modern mass systems and the evolution and structure of specific countries' systems.
Effective: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: COMM 410 ; and select 6 credits in the arts or the humanities

COMM 419H (US;IL)
World Media Systems (3) Comparative study of modern media systems of mass communications in selected foreign countries.
Effective: Spring 2009
Prerequisite: select 6 credits in the arts or the humanities; and 3 credits from the following: COMM 100 COMM 110 COMM 118 COMM 150 COMM 180 COMM 251 COMM 260W COMM 320 or COMM 370

CRIMJ 012 (CRIM 012, SOC 012) (GS)
Criminology (3) Explanations and measurement of crime; criminal law; characteristics of criminals and victims; violent, property, white-collar, organized, and sexual crimes.
Effective: Spring 2008

CRIMJ 083S (CRIM 083S) (GS)
First-Year Seminar in Criminal Justice (3) Critical approaches to issues in criminal justice and criminology.
Effective: Spring 2008

CRIMJ 100 (CRIM 100) (GS)
Introduction to Criminal Justice (3) Overview of the criminal justice system, including legal foundations, processing and correction of offenders, extent and types of crime, victims.
Effective: Spring 2008

CRIMJ 406 (SOC 406, CRIM 406)
Sociology of Deviance (3) Theory and research concerning behaviors and lifestyles viewed as significant departures from a group's normative expectations.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CRIMJ 100 and CRIMJ 113 and CRIMJ 230 or permission of program

CRIMJ 412 (SOC 412, CRIM 412)
Crime, Social Control, and the Legal System (3) Legal and extralegal control; public opinion on crime; criminal justice and correctional processes; legal sanctions; control strategies. Field trip.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CRIMJ 012 CRIMJ 013 or SOC 005

CRIMJ 414 (SOC 414, CRIM 414)
Criminal Careers and the Organization of Crime (3) Research on and theory of criminal careers and crime organizations, emphasizing recruitment and disengagement; offender characteristics and lifestyles; policy implications.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CRIMJ 012 or CRIMJ 013 or SOC 005

CRIMJ 439 (PL SC 439)
The Politics of Terrorism (3) Analysis of political terrorism as a violent alternative for peaceful change and traditional warfare in the nuclear age.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CRIMJ 100 or PL SC 014 or permission of program

CRIMJ 451 (CRIM 451) (US)
Race, Crime, and Justice (3) This course focuses on the significance of race, class, and ethnicity to criminal justice processing and criminal offending.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CRIMJ 100

CRIMJ 460
History and Function of Criminal Justice Components (3) Historical development of criminal justice system components (police, courts, corrections) related to formulation and function of the state.
Effective: Spring 2008

CRIMJ 462
Comparative Criminal Justice Systems (3) A comparison of American and selected foreign justice systems to illustrate the variety of possible responses to crime.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CRIMJ 100 or permission of program

CRIMJ 467 (SOC 467, CRIM 467)
Law and Society (3) Law and society studies the social origins of law and legal systems; occupational careers, and decision-making of legal officials.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CRIMJ 100 or CRIMJ 113 or permission of program

E B F 200 (GS)
Introduction to Energy and Earth Sciences Economics (3) Resource use decisions and their effect on local, national, and global development.
Effective: Fall 2010

ECON 014 (GS)
Principles of Economics (3) Analysis of the American economy, emphasizing the nature and interrelationships of such groups as consumers, business, governments, labor, and financial institutions. Students who have passed ECON 002 or 004 or are registered in the College of Business Administration may not schedule this course.
Effective: Spring 2003

ECON 083S (GS)
First-Year Seminar in Economics (3) Experiments in microeconomic principles.
Effective: Summer 1999

ECON 102 (GS)
Introductory Microeconomic Analysis and Policy (3) Methods of economic analysis and their use; price determination; theory of the firm; distribution.
Effective: Spring 2011

ECON 102H (GS)
Honors Introductory Microeconomic Analysis and Policy (3) Methods of economic analysis and their use; price determination; theory of the firm; distribution.
Effective: Summer 2011

ECON 104 (GS)
Introductory Macroeconomic Analysis and Policy (3) National income measurement; aggregate economic models; money and income; policy problems.
Effective: Spring 2011

ECON 104H (GS)
Honors Introductory Macroeconomic Analysis and Policy (3) National income measurement; aggregate economic models; money and income; policy problems.
Effective: Summer 2011

ECON 106
Statistical Foundations for Econometrics (3) Basic statistical concepts used in economics. Topics include probability distributions, expectations, estimation, hypothesis testing, correlation, and simple regression. Students who have completed ECON 306 may not schedule this course.
Effective: Spring 2011

ECON 106H
Statistical Foundations for Econometrics (3) Basic statistical concepts used in economics. Topics include probability distributions, expectations, estimation, hypothesis testing, correlation, and simple regression. Students who have completed ECON 306 may not schedule this course.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

ECON 197
Special topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

ECON 199 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

ECON 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

ECON 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1992

ECON 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

ECON 302 (GS)
Intermediate Microeconomic Analysis (3) Allocation of resources and distribution of income within various market structures, with emphasis on analytical tools.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 102

ECON 302H (GS)
Intermediate Microeconomic Analysis (Honors) (3) Allocation of resources and distribution of income within various market structures, with emphasis on analytical tools.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 102 and MATH 110 or MATH 140

ECON 304 (GS)
Intermediate Macroeconomic Analysis (3) Analysis of forces that determine the level of aggregate economic activity.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 104

ECON 304H (GS)
Intermediate Macroeconomic Analysis (Honors) (3) Analysis of forces that determine the level of aggregate economic activity.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 104 and MATH 110 or MATH 140

ECON 315 (GS)
Labor Economics (3) Economic analysis of employment, earnings, and the labor market; labor relations; related government policies.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 102

ECON 323 (GS)
Public Finance (3) Contemporary fiscal institutions in the United States; public expenditures; public revenues; incidence of major tax types; intergovernmental fiscal relations; public credit.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 102

ECON 333 (GS)
International Economics (3) Why nations trade, barriers to trade, balance of payments adjustment and exchange rate determination, eurocurrency markets, and trade-related institutions.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 102 ECON 104 or ECON 014

ECON 342 (GS)
Industrial Organization (3) Industrial concentration, size, and efficiency of business firms, market structure and performance, competitive behavior, public policy and antitrust issues.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 102

ECON 351
Money and Banking (3) Money, credit, commercial and central banking, financial intermediaries, treasury operations, monetary theory and policy, and foreign exchange. Students who have already taken Econ. 451 may not schedule this course.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 102 or ECON 104

ECON 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

ECON 399 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

ECON 400M
Honors Seminar in Economics (3-12) Readings, discussion, and oral and written reports on selected topics in economics.
Effective: Spring 1993
Prerequisite: ECON 302 ECON 304 fifth-semester standing admission into Honors program

ECON 401
History of Economic Thought (3) Survey of economic ideas from Greco-Roman times to the present.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: ECON 302 or ECON 304

ECON 402
Decision Making and Strategy in Economics (3) Development and application of the tools for decision making under uncertainty and for game theoretic analysis of economic problems.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: ECON 302 ; SCM 200 or STAT 200

ECON 404W
Current Economic Issues (3) An analytical survey of significant problems of current economic policy and the application of economic analysis to important social issues.
Effective: Spring 1993
Prerequisite: ECON 302 or ECON 304

ECON 412
Labor Economics and Labor Markets: Theory, Evidence, and Policy (3) Advanced topics in labor economics: theory, empirical evidence, and policy.
Effective: Spring 2009
Prerequisite: ECON 302 or ECON 315

ECON 424
Income Distribution (3) Inequality and poverty in the United States, measurement problems, determinants of inequality, arguments for and against equality, impact of redistributive policies.
Effective: Fall 1992
Prerequisite: ECON 302 ECON 315 or ECON 323

ECON 425
Economics of Public Expenditures (3) Analytic and policy aspects of public expenditure decisions; applications from areas of contemporary public interest.
Effective: Summer 1992
Prerequisite: ECON 302 or ECON 323

ECON 427
Economics of Energy and Energy Security (3) Energy economics studies topics related to the supply, energy markets, and environmental impacts of energy use.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: ECON 302

ECON 428
Environmental Economics (3) Environmental pollution, the market economy, and optimal resource allocation; alternative control procedures; levels of environmental protection and public policy.
Effective: Summer 1992
Prerequisite: ECON 302 or ECON 323

ECON 429
Public Finance and Fiscal Policy (3) Analysis of public revenue and expenditure structure primarily at the federal level; federalism; fiscal policy and public debt.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: ECON 323 ; ECON 302 or ECON 304

ECON 432
Urban Economics (3) Theories and methods for economic analysis of such urban problems as housing, segregation, government services, and transportation.
Effective: Summer 1992
Prerequisite: ECON 302 or ECON 323

ECON 433
Advanced International Trade Theory and Policy (3) Causes/consequences of trade; effects of tariffs and quotas; strategic trade policy; political economy of trade restrictions and other topics.
Effective: Summer 1992
Prerequisite: ECON 302 or ECON 333

ECON 434
International Finance and Open Economy Macroeconomics (3) Trade balance movements, exchange rate determination; monetary and fiscal policies in open economies; international policy coordination; the world monetary system.
Effective: Spring 1992
Prerequisite: ECON 304 or ECON 333

ECON 436W (US)
Economics of Discrimination (3) Analysis of the economic characteristics of women and minorities, with examination of race and sex discrimination and related government policies.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: ECON 302 or ECON 315

ECON 443
Economics of Law and Regulation (3) An economic analysis of property rights, contractual arrangements, illegal activities, and regulation; competitive problems due to externalities and market failure.
Effective: Summer 1992
Prerequisite: ECON 302 or ECON 342

ECON 444
Economics of the Corporation (3) Coordination and incentive issues within a corporation. Topics include employment contracts, performance incentives and pricing of financial assets.
Effective: Summer 1997
Prerequisite: ECON 302

ECON 445 (H P A 445)
Health Economics (3) Economic analysis of U.S. health care system; planning, organization, and financing; current public policy issues and alternatives.
Effective: Spring 1994
Prerequisite: ECON 302 ECON 315 or ECON 323

ECON 447W
Economics of Sports (3) Examination of economic issues pertaining to professional and collegiate sports, including analysis of industrial organization, labor markets, and local economies.
Effective: Spring 2009
Prerequisite: ECON 302 and ECON 490

ECON 450
The Business Cycle (3) Measurement and theories of the business cycle; stabilization policies; forecasting.
Effective: Summer 1992
Prerequisite: ECON 304 or ECON 351

ECON 451
Monetary Theory and Policy (3) Monetary and income theory; monetary and fiscal policy.
Effective: Winter 1978
Prerequisite: ECON 304 or ECON 351

ECON 463 (IL)
Economic Demography (3) Microeconomics of demographic behavior; interrelationships between demographic and economic factors, in developing and industrialized economies; economic welfare and policy implications.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: ECON 302 or ECON 304 ; or 9 credits in demography

ECON 471
Growth and Development (3) Problems of capital formation, institutional considerations, theories of economic growth.
Effective: Summer 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 302 or ECON 304 or ECON 372

ECON 472
Transition to Market Economies (3) Economics of transition to a market economy; problems of former Soviet-type economies; privatization, stabilization, and institutional change.
Effective: Fall 2005
Prerequisite: ECON 302 or ECON 304

ECON 480
Mathematical Economics (3) Mathematical techniques employed in economic analysis; formal development of economic relationships.
Effective: Summer 1992
Prerequisite: ECON 302 ECON 304 MATH 110

ECON 489M
Honors Thesis (1-6) No description.
Effective: Spring 1993
Prerequisite: ECON 302 ECON 304 and admission into the departmental honors program

ECON 490
Introduction to Econometrics (3) Use of simple and multiple regression models in measuring and testing economic relationships. Problems including multicollinearity, hetroskedasticity, and serial correlation.
Effective: Summer 2000
Prerequisite: MATH 110 ECON 390

ECON 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

ECON 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

ECON 495
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1995
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

ECON 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

ECON 496A
Chinese Macroeconomic Impact in Latin America (1-6) This is a supporting course for student Schreyer honors thesis. Student and instructor will meet periodically as required to research China's economic impact in Latin America and what it means to the United States.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

ECON 496A
Late Bidding in Reverse Auctions (1-6) Examine the impact of late bidding on the final prices of reverse auctions and determine factors that cause late bidding for samples of auctions completed by Fortune 500 Firms. Grading 30% discussion, 70% final paper.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

ECON 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

ECON 497A
Topics in Industrial Organization (3) This course examines topics in business strategy and public policies such as regulation, oligopoly, and price discrimination designed to facilitate competition.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: ECON 102

ECON 497A
Environmental Economics and Policy (3) Use of fundamental economic principles to evaluate problems of air and water pollution and general environmental quality. Issues relating to externalities and public goods; valuation of environmental assets; use of benefit/cost analysis for decision-making; economic approaches to non-renewable and renewable resource management; topics in ecological economics and sustainability.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

ECON 499 (IL)
Foreign Study--Economics (2-6) Study in selected countries of economic institutions and current economic problems.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 102 ECON 104

EDPSY 010 (GS)
Individual Differences and Education (3) Relationships between learner differences and physical, cognitive, language, social, and cultural development; emphasis on ethnicity, gender, special needs; schooling implications.
Effective: Summer 2011

EDPSY 450 (PSYCH 404)
Principles of Measurement (3) Scale transformation, norms, standardization, validation procedures, estimation of reliability.
Effective: Summer 2011
Prerequisite: EDPSY 400 or PSYCH 200 or PSYCH 100 ; STAT 200

EDTHP 115A (GS;US)
Competing Rights: Issues in American Education (3) An examination of educational issues relevant to democratic citizenship; emphasis is on understanding the relationship among politics, schools, and society.
Effective: Spring 2006

EDTHP 115S (GS;US)
Competing Rights: Issues in American Education (3) An examination of educational issues relevant to democratic citizenship; emphasis is on understanding the relationship among politics, schools, and society.
Effective: Spring 2006

EDTHP 416 (SOC 416) (US)
Sociology of Education (3) The theoretical, conceptual, and descriptive contributions of sociology to education.
Effective: Spring 2006

EM SC 420 (SOC 420, S T S 420)
Energy and Modern Society (3) Technology and economics of energy resources, production, and consumption; environmental factors, exhaustion, new technology.
Effective: Fall 1986

ENVST 100 (GS)
Visions of Nature (3) An interdisciplinary introduction to environmental studies, including perspectives from ethics, economics, public policy, art, literature, history, geology, biology, and ecology.
Effective: Fall 2000

FD SC 105 (S T S 105) (GHA)
Food Facts and Fads (3) Impact on society and the individual of modern food technology, food laws, additives, etc.; historical, current, and futuristic aspects.
Effective: Spring 2004

GEOG 020 (GS;US;IL)
Human Geography: An Introduction (3) Spatial perspective on human societies in a modernizing world; regional examples; use of space and environmental resources; elements of geographic planning.
Effective: Summer 2005

GEOG 020U (GS;US;IL)
Human Geography: An Introduction (3) Spatial perspective on human societies in a modernizing world; regional examples; use of space and environmental resources; elements of geographic planning.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

GEOG 030 (GS;IL)
Geographic Perspectives on Sustainability and Human-Environment Systems (3) Introduction to theory, methods, history and contemporary issues in global and regional relationships between human activity and the physical environment.
Effective: Spring 2012

GEOG 040 (GS;IL)
World Regional Geography (3) Introduction to the world as an interdependent community built from unique and independent regions and nations.
Effective: Spring 2012

GEOG 111 (GN)
Biogeography and Global Ecology (3) Distribution of plants and animals on global, regional, and local scales; their causes and significance.
Effective: Fall 2007 Ending: Summer 2015

GEOG 120 (GS;US;IL)
Urban Geography: A Global Perspective (3) Introduction to the geography of the world's cities and urban system.
Effective: Spring 2006

GEOG 123 (GS;IL)
Geography of Developing World (3) Patterns of poverty in poor countries; conventional and non-conventional explanations; focus on solutions; case studies of specific regions.
Effective: Spring 2007

GEOG 123U (GS;IL)
Geography of Developing World (3) Patterns of poverty in poor countries; conventional and non-conventional explanations; focus on solutions; case studies of specific regions.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

GEOG 124 (GS;IL)
Elements of Cultural Geography (3) Locational analysis of changes in non-Western cultures. Problems of plural societies, economic development, population growth, and settlement.
Effective: Summer 2005

GEOG 126 (GS;US;IL)
Economic Geography (3) The geographic location and organization of economic activities and outcomes at global, national, regional, and local scales.
Effective: Spring 2012

GEOG 128 (GS;IL)
Geography of International Affairs (3) Contemporary international affairs in their geographical setting; geographic elements in the development of national power, political groupings, and international disputes.
Effective: Summer 2005

GEOG 160 (GS)
Mapping Our Changing World (3) Fundamental concepts of GIS, cartography, remote sensing, and GPS in the context of environmental and social problems.
Effective: Spring 2007

GEOG 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1988

GEOG 298
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 2001

GEOG 313
Introduction to Field Geography (3) Introduction to the methods and techniques for collecting spatial and environmental data for physical geography and ecological studies.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: GEOG 160

GEOG 314 (GN)
Biogeography and Global Ecology (3) Dynamics of plant and animal distributions on global, regional, and local scales; their causes and consequences.
Effective: Spring 2015 Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: GEOG 010 or BIOL 110 or equivalent

GEOG 323
GIS and Social Theory (3) Critical understanding of how to use GIS and tools of regional analysis in the context of postmodern social theory.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: GEOG 160

GEOG 333
Human Dimensions of Natural Hazards (3) An introduction to natural hazards, integrating physical and social science perspectives.
Effective: Fall 2011
Prerequisite: junior or senior standing

GEOG 361
Cartography--Maps and Map Construction (3) The art and science of creating small-scale maps as a medium for communication and research.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: GEOG 160

GEOG 362
Image Analysis (3) Introduction to the basic principles of remote sensing, and the analysis of aerial and satellite data.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: GEOG 160

GEOG 363
Geographic Information Systems (3) Principles and use of geographic information; emphasis is on data acquisition and techniques for computer-aided analysis.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: GEOG 160

GEOG 364
Spatial Analysis (3) Geographic measurement, scaling, and classification; analysis of spatial pattern and structure; geographic covariation and autocorrelation.
Effective: Fall 2008
Prerequisite: STAT 200 and 6 credits in social science

GEOG 411
Forest Geography (3) This course studies processes that control spatial and temporal change in forests.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: GEOG 010 GEOG 111 ; or BIOL 220W

GEOG 411W
Forest Geography (3) This course studies processes that control spatial and temporal change in forests.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: GEOG 010 GEOG 111 ; or BIOL 220W

GEOG 412W
Climatic Change and Variability (3) Theories and observations of past, present, and future climatic change and variability; introduction to techniques used in climatic change research.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: GEOG 110 or METEO 003

GEOG 417
Satellite Climatology (3) A discussion of the application of satellite data to current and planned large-scale climate experiments.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: GEOG 362

GEOG 420Y (US;IL)
Comparative Urbanism (3) This course investigates selected urban issues through the lens of comparative urbanism.
Effective: Fall 2011
Prerequisite: GEOG 120 GEOG 160

GEOG 423Y (US)
Historical Geography of North America (3) Exploration, settlement, and changing patterns of human occupance from the seventeenth century to the 1930s.
Effective: Fall 2011
Prerequisite: GEOG 122 3 additional credits in geography or 6 credits American history

GEOG 424 (US;IL)
Geography of the Global Economy (3) Focus on industrial location theory, factors in industrial location, studies of selected industries and problems of industrial development.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 102 ECON 104 GEOG 126

GEOG 425 (US)
Geography of Race, Class, and Poverty in America (3) This class examines the spatial interactions of race, class and poverty in the United States.
Effective: Fall 2011
Prerequisite: GEOG 126 ; ECON 102 or ECON 104

GEOG 426Y (WMNST 426Y) (US;IL)
Gender Geographies (3) Description and explanation of the links between gender relations and spatial structures.
Effective: Fall 2013
Prerequisite: GEOG 020 or GEOG 126 or GEOG 120 or WMNST 100

GEOG 427 (US;IL)
Urban Historical Geography (3) Study of the development and transformation of the historical urban built environment.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: 6 credits in geography humanities or social sciences

GEOG 428 (US)
Political Geography (3) Geographical foundations of political phemomena; significant geographic factors in growth and development of states, boundary problems, population distribution, colonies, and internal and international regional problems.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: 6 credits in history or 6 credits in political science

GEOG 428Y (US;IL)
Political Geography (3) Geographical foundations of political phemomena; significant geographic factors in growth and development of states, boundary problems, population distribution, colonies, and internal and international regional problems.
Effective: Spring 2012
Prerequisite: 3 credits human geography (GEOG 020 or 120 or 122 or 123 or 124 or 126 or 128)

GEOG 429 (US;IL)
Geographic Perspectives on Global Urbanization (3) This course reflects critically on a number of issues related to global urbanization, including the culture and political economy of urban space.
Effective: Spring 2012
Prerequisite: GEOG 020 GEOG 126 or GEOG 120

GEOG 430
Human Use of Environment (3) The human use of resources and ecosystems and social causes and consequences of environmental degradation in different parts of the world; development of environmental policy and management strategies.
Effective: Fall 2008
Prerequisite: GEOG 010 or GEOG 020 or GEOG 030 or GEOG 040 or GEOG 130 or permission of the program

GEOG 431
Geography of Water Resources (3) Perspectives on water as a resource and hazard for human society; water resource issues in environmental and regional planning.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: 6 credits in geography or natural sciences

GEOG 438W
Human Dimensions of Global Warming (3) Human dimensions of climate change: human causes, human consequences, and policy implications of global warming.
Effective: Spring 2012
Prerequisite: EARTH 002 GEOG 010 or METEO 003 ; GEOG 030

GEOG 444
African Resources and Development (3) Ecological and cultural factors in the geography of Africa; natural resources and development.
Effective: Spring 2001 Ending: Summer 2015
Prerequisite: GEOG 010 GEOG 020 GEOG 030 or GEOG 124

GEOG 444 (AFR 444)
African Resources and Development (3) Ecological and cultural factors in the geography of Africa; natural resources and development.
Effective: Fall 2015 Future: Fall 2015
Prerequisite: GEOG 010 or GEOG 020 or GEOG 030 or GEOG 123 or GEOG 124 or GEOG 130 or EARTH 105 or AFR 105 or AFR 110

GEOG 461W
Dynamic Cartographic Representation (3) Theory and practice of mapping and geo-representation in a dynamic media context. Applications in science, policy, travel, and education.
Effective: Spring 2010
Prerequisite: GEOG 361 or GEOG 362 or GEOG 363

GEOG 463
Geospatial Information Management (3) This course examines geospatial data representations and algorithmic techniques that apply to spatially-organized data in digital form.
Effective: Fall 2011
Prerequisite: GEOG 363

GEOG 464
Advanced Spatial Analysis (3) Skills and knowledge for applying quantitative methods to analyze information with spatial distributions.
Effective: Spring 2012
Prerequisite: GEOG 364

GEOG 467
Applied Cartographic Design (3) Project-based map production problems with emphasis on map design and advanced mapping tools in geographic information systems.
Effective: Fall 2011
Prerequisite: GEOG 361

GEOG 468
Geographic Information Systems Design and Evaluation (3) Design and evaluation of Geographic Information Systems and other forms of integrated spatial data systems.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: GEOG 363

GEOG 481
Topographic Mapping with Lidar (3) Using airborne topographic lidar to create evaluation models for GIS applications.
Effective: Spring 2015 Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: GEOG 362 or GEOG 480 ; GEOG 160 or GEOG 482 ; or equivalent professional experience

GEOG 482
The Nature of Geographic Information (2) Orientation to the properties of geographic data and the practice of distance learning.
Effective: Summer 2004
Prerequisite: admission to the Master of GIS program or Certificate Program in GIS

GEOG 483
Problem-Solving with GIS (3) How geographic information systems facilitate data analysis and communication to address common geographic problems.
Effective: Summer 2004
Prerequisite: GEOG 482

GEOG 484
GIS Database Development (3) Database design, creation, maintenance, and data integration using desktop GIS software.
Effective: Summer 2004
Prerequisite: GEOG 483

GEOG 485
GIS Programming and Customization (3) Customizing GIS software to extend its built-in functionality and to automate repetitive tasks.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: GEOG 363 or GEOG 484 ; CMPSC 101 or equivalent

GEOG 486
Cartography and Visualization (3) Theory and practice of cartographic design emphasizing effective visual thinking and visual communication with geographic information systems.
Effective: Summer 2004
Prerequisite: GEOG 484

GEOG 487
Environmental Applications of GIS (3) Real-world applications of GIS and spatial analysis to investigate a variety of current environmental issues.
Effective: Spring 2010
Prerequisite: GEOG 484

GEOG 488
Acquiring and Integrating Geospatial Data (3) Advanced technical, legal, ethical and institutaional problems related to data acquisition for geospatial information systems.
Effective: Summer 2004
Prerequisite: GEOG 484

GEOG 489
GIS Application Development (3) Advanced topics in GIS customization, including the Systems Development Life Cycle, packaging and deployment, and consuming Web services.
Effective: Summer 2004
Prerequisite: GEOG 485

GEOG 495
Internship (1-13) Supervised off-campus, non-group instruction including individual field experience, practicums, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Fall 1981
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

GEOG 495B
Geography Teaching Internship (1-10) Supervised undergraduate teaching experience in which students serve as peer tutors, laboratory assistants, or course material developers.
Effective: Summer 2004

GEOG 495C
Internship Supervision and Mentoring (1) Candidates for the Master of GIS degree sponsor a GIS-related internship for students in Penn State's resident undergraduate program.
Effective: Summer 2004

GEOG 495G
Giscience Internship (1-10) Supervised research experience within the Department of Geography's GeoVISTA Center, Gould Center, or an appropriate external agency.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: GEOG 160

GEOG 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

GEOG 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

GEOG 497A
Population Geography (3) Who are we? Who lives where? How did they get there? How do we know? Why should we care?
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: GEOG 364 or SOC 207

GEOG 497B
Location Intelligence for Business (3) Understanding location technology and geospatial analysis to support an efficient and effective pathway to better business decisions.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

GEOG 497B
Location Intelligence for Business (3) Understanding location technology and geospatial analysis to support an efficient and effective pathway to better business decisions.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

GEOG 497C
GIS for Transportation: Principles, Data, and Applications (3) This course examines the use of GIS principles, data, and applications that have been developed for the field of transportation.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: GEOG 483

GEOG 497D
Lidar Technology and Applications (3) Understanding lidar systems' design, operation, data processing techniques, and product generation to address typical application scenarios faced by the geospatial professional.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

GEOG 497D
Lidar Technology and Applications (3) Understanding lidar systems' design, operation, and data processsing techniques, and product generation to address typical application scenarios faced by the geospatial professional.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: GEOG 362 or FOR 455

GEOG 497E
Qualitative Methods in Geography (3) Explores conceptual and practical dimensions of qualitative research. Encompasses developing research questions; ethics; project design; data gathering, management, and analysis.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

GEOG 497F
Advanced Observation of Earth and its Environment (3) Course addresses advanced techniques of remote sensing to study Earth and its environment, including UAVs, satellite data reception, data analysis.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: GEOG 362 FOR 455 METEO 477 or E E 477

GEOG 497I
Spatial Organization (1) Students learn how geographers think about the world and how they analyze human activities using social- and behavioral-based models.
Effective: Fall 2015 Ending: Fall 2015Future: Fall 2015

GEOG 498
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1998

GEOG 498A
Parks and People Reflections (3) This course provides reflection tools for participants from the Parks and People experience to develop tangible products for professional development.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

GEOG 498G
Current Research Opportunities and Challenges in Peru: Geographic and Interdisciplinary Approaches (1-2) Overview of current research opportunities/challenges in Peru, focusing on interactions of biological and cultural diversity; impacts/sustainability of mining and energy; culture and globalization.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

H P A 445 (ECON 445)
Health Economics (3) Economic analysis of U.S. health care system; planning, organization, and financing; current public policy issues and alternatives.
Effective: Spring 1994
Prerequisite: ECON 302 ECON 315 or ECON 323

HD FS 129 (GS)
Introduction to Human Development and Family Studies (3) Introduction to psychosocial and family development at all stages of the individual and family life cycle. Students may take only one course for General Education credit from SOC 030 or HD FS 129.   Student may take only one course for General Education credits from HD FS 129 GS or SOC 030 GS.
Effective: Fall 2004

HD FS 129H (GS)
Introduction to Human Development and Family Studies (3) Introduction to psychosocial and family development at all stages of the individual and family life cycle. Students may take only one course for General Education credit from SOC 030 or HD FS 129.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

HD FS 129H (GS)
Introduction to Human Development and Family Studies (3) Introduction to psychosocial and family development at all stages of the individual and family life cycle. Students may take only one course for General Education credit from SOC 030 or HD FS 129.
Effective: Fall 2015 Ending: Fall 2015Future: Fall 2015

HD FS 129S (GS)
Introduction to Human Development and Family Studies (3) Introduction to psychosocial and family development at all stages of the individual and family life cycle.
Effective: Summer 2006

HD FS 229 (GS)
Infant and Child Development (3) Theory, research, and methods of social/behavioral/biological sciences related to developmental processes and intervention during infancy and childhood.
Effective: Fall 2004

HD FS 239 (GS)
Adolescent Development (3) Social, behavioral, and biological development and intervention throughout adolescence.
Effective: Spring 2002

HD FS 249 (GS)
Adult Development and Aging (3) Physiological, psychological, and social development and intervention from young adulthood through old age.
Effective: Spring 2003

HD FS 431 (SOC 431)
Family Disorganization: Stress Points in the Contemporary Family (3) Focuses on divorce, remarriage, incest, family violence as well as problems associated with family formation and parent-child relations.
Effective: Spring 1996
Prerequisite: HD FS 312W ; 6 credits of Human Development and Family Studies psychology sociology

HD FS 434 (SOC 435)
Perspectives on Aging (3) An analysis of the demographic, social, and cultural factors affecting the aged population in American society.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: HD FS 312W ; 6 credits in sociology

HD FS 440 (SOC 440)
Family Policy (3) An in-depth examination of family policy.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: 3 credits of SOC or HD FS

HD FS 445 (PSYCH 416)
Development Throughout Adulthood (3) Processes of development and change of behavior from early adulthood through old age, emphasizing theory, method, and empirical research.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: HD FS 249 or PSYCH 100 ; HD FS 312W or PSYCH 301W ; PSYCH 200 STAT 200 or 3 credits of statistics ; 6 credits in HD FS PSYCH or SOC.

HIST 116 (WMNST 116) (GS;US;IL)
Family and Sex Roles in Modern History (3) Historical perspectives on the Western family since 1500: gender roles, marriage, sexuality, child rearing, and old age; emphasis on United States.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 119 (GH;IL)
Gender and History (3) Survey of the development of gender roles in Western societies from the prehistoric era to the early modern period.
Effective: Spring 2008

HIST 120 (GS;IL)
Europe Since 1848 (3) Political, social, and ideological developments; origin and impact of two World Wars; totalitarianism and democracy; changing role in the world.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 120U (GS;IL)
Europe Since 1848 (3) Political, social, and ideological developments; origin and impact of two World Wars; totalitarianism and democracy; changing role in the world.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

HIST 142 (GS;IL)
History of Communism (3) Marxism; Leninism and evolution of the Soviet Union; formation and development of the Communist bloc; impact of Chinese Communism.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 151 (S T S 151) (GS;US)
Technology and Society in American History (3) Development of technology in America from colonial times; its reception and its influence on social, economic, and political life.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 155 (GH;US)
American Business History (3) Major developments in the history of business and industry from the colonial period to the present.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 156 (US)
History of the American Worker (3) A study of the American worker from the preindustrial era to the present.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 173 (GH;IL)
Vietnam in War and Peace (3) Rise of nationalism and communism; origins of conflict; United States involvement; impact on postwar regional and international politics; contemporary Vietnam.
Effective: Spring 2006

HIST 453
American Environmental History (3) The history of the ways Americans have used and thought about the environment since 1500.
Effective: Summer 2012
Prerequisite: GEOG 030 ; and HIST 020 HIST 021 ; or 6 credits in the humanities or social sciences

HIST 458Y (LER 458Y) (US)
History of Work in America (3) A study of selected problems in the history of work in the United States, especially since 1877.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: HIST 021 HIST 156 or LER 100

I B 440 (PL SC 440, AFR 440) (US;IL)
Globalization and Its Implications (3) This course explores the socioeconomic implications of globalization.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: AF AM 100 or AFR 110 or PL SC 003 or PL SC 014 or PL SC 020 or PL SC 022

INTAG 100 (GS;IL)
Introduction to International Agriculture (3) Ag in developing countries; contemporary crucial issues in global agriculture; emphasizing hunger and food security.
Effective: Summer 2013

INTST 100 (GS;IL)
Introduction to International Studies (3) An introductory multidisciplinary course designed to familiarize students with critical international issues.
Effective: Summer 2005

INTST 100S (GS;IL)
Introduction to International Studies (3) An introductory multidisciplinary course designed to familiarize students with critical international issues.
Effective: Summer 2005

INTST 100U (GS;IL)
Introduction to International Studies (3) An introductory multidisciplinary course designed to familiarize students with critical international issues.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

J ST 012 (CAMS 012, RL ST 012) (GH;IL)
Lands of the Bible (3) Textual and archaeological evidence for the lands, cities, and peoples associated with the Hebrew Bible and Christian scriptures.
Effective: Summer 2005

J ST 012U (CAMS 012U, RL ST 012U) (GH;IL)
Lands of the Bible (3) Textual and archaeological evidence for the lands, cities, and peoples associated with the Hebrew Bible and Christian scriptures.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

LER 083S (GS)
First-Year Seminar in Labor Studies and Employment Relations (3) Critical approaches to the dimensions and direction in Labor and Employment Relations.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 100 (GS)
Employment Relations (3) Introductory analysis of the employment relationship and of the interrelated interests of managements, workers, unions, and the public.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 136 (WMNST 136) (US)
Race, Gender, and Employment (3) Employment relations and legislative and policy responses to labor force issues of racial and gender inequality.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 136H (US)
Race, Gender, and Employment (3) Employment relations and legislative and policy responses to labor force issues of racial and gender inequality.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

LER 136U (WMNST 136U) (US)
Race, Gender, and Employment (3) Employment relations and legislative and policy responses to labor force issues of racial and gender inequality.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

LER 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 199 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 201 (GS)
Employment Relationship: Law and Policy (3) An examination of basic legal principles underlying the employment relationship and their social, political, and economic bases.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 297H (ANTH 297H, SOC 297H)
Business as Usual: From Your Street to Wall Street (1) This course will allow students to gain new perspectives on business formations, corporate cultues, capitalist practices and ideologies. Businesses - be they individuals, families, corporations, nation-states or multi-lateral corporations - have identities that are invariably distinct from one another and which are forged upon and promote particular social relationships. Ethnographic case studies will provide the basis for discussing how these social relationships that enact power are embedded in broader cultural processes as well as ideologies. Acknowledge the multiple dynamic relationships between businesses, people and marketplaces will allow us to evaluate their roles as active and reactive producers, consumers and disseminators of cultural processes within our surrounding environments, extending from the local to the global. Students will write a research paper and give presentations on a fieldwork-based interview project.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

LER 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 312
Research Methods in Labor Studies and Employment Relations (4) Provides an understanding of social science research as employed in the field of Human Resources and Employment Relations.
Effective: Spring 2008 Ending: Summer 2015

LER 312
Employment Relations to Research Methods in Labor and Employment Relations (4) The objective of this course is to enhance students' abilities to use a range of methodologies to evaluate and conduct research in the field of employment relations and human resource management.
Effective: Fall 2015 Future: Fall 2015

LER 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

LER 399 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 400 (IL)
Comparative Employment Relations Systems (3) Analysis of structure and elements of employment relations systems in developed and developing areas.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Labor and Employment Relations

LER 401
The Law of Labor-Management Relations (3) Development of Anglo-American law regulating collective bargaining, with emphasis on American labor-management relations under Wagner, Taft-Hartley, and other acts.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Labor and Employment Relations or Political Science

LER 414W
Labor and Employment Relations Theory (3) Content and implications of major and minor theories of Labor and Employment Relations.
Effective: Spring 2008 Ending: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: 6 credits in Labor and Employment Relations

LER 424
Employment Compensation (3) Development and management of employee compensation systems.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: LER 201 and sixth-semester standing

LER 426
Staffing and Training Strategies in Organizations (3) This course focuses on the theory and practice of human resource staffing and training in organizations.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Labor and Employment Relations (LER) or Human Resources and Employment Relations (HRER)

LER 434
Collective Bargaining and Contract Administration (3) Theory, practice, and economic impact of collective bargaining, including administration of the collective bargaining agreement.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: LER 100

LER 435
Labor Relations in the Public Sector (3) Analysis of labor relations problems within different areas of public employment.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Labor and Employment Relations

LER 437
Workplace Dispute Resolution (3) Dispute resolution practices and procedures used in the workplace and employment law settings.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: LER 100

LER 444
Workplace Safety and Health: Principles and Practices (3) The role of employees, unions, employers, and government in dealing with work-related safety and health issues.
Effective: Fall 2013
Prerequisite: LER 100 or sixth-semester standing

LER 445Y (AF AM 445Y, PL SC 445Y) (US)
Politics of Affirmative Action (3) Examines history, politics, and economics of the use of special programs to advance racial interests in the U.S.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: AAA S 100 level course and PL SC 001 or PL SC 007

LER 458Y (HIST 458Y) (US)
History of Work in America (3) A study of selected problems in the history of work in the United States, especially since 1877.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: HIST 021 HIST 156 or LER 100

LER 460
Human Resources Ethics (3) Ethics of human resources management.
Effective: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: Take one of the following courses: ARMY 402 H P A 460 HM 466 MGMT 341 MGMT 441 NAVSC 402 NURS 432 PSYCH 281 3 credits in Labor and Employment Relations (LER) or Human Resources and Employment Relations (HRER)

LER 464 (OLEAD 464)
Communication Skills for Leaders in Groups and Organizations (3) Theory-and research-based communication skills for leaders dealing with work-related problems in contemporary groups and organizations.
Effective: Spring 2013

LER 465 (OLEAD 465)
Collective Decision Making (3) Application of theories of decision making to work-related issues in groups and organizations requiring collective resolution and action.
Effective: Spring 2013

LER 472 (WMNST 472)
Work-Life Practices and Policies (3) Explore the causes and consequences of conflicts between work, family, and other life commitments, and how these may be resolved.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: 3 credits of LER

LER 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 495
Labor Studies Internship (1-12) Supervised practicum in labor relations setting with union, management, or government agency.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: prior approval by department

LER 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 2008

LER 497A
International Human Resource Management (3) International Human Resource Management builds on the foundations of human resource management (HR) by considering what this concept means in different countries around the world. As organizations become increasingly international, issues of national culture and institutions can often stand in the way of a seamless progression of HRM across national boundaries. From a cultural perspective, the course compares how people in different countries see themselves and others around them, and how expectations, values, and beliefs can differ. From an institutional perspective, it compares how national level legislation, state intervention, trade union influence, and the respective power of shareholders versus stakeholders all impact on patterns of HRM practices in different countries.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

LER 497A
Strategic Human Resource Management (3) We often view human resource management (HRM) as a set of practices without thinking about how the different practices connect with each other and the broader business context. The focus of this course is to examine HRM from a strategic perspective. This approach requires an understanding of how different types of business strategies interface with the entire set of HRM practices put in place. The strategic approach also requires an ability to connect business metrics and financial considerations with the broader HRM system. The goal of this course is to provide a foundational understanding of the components of a strategic HRM system. Through active learning this course will encourage the development of analytical skills and in-depth understanding of how various HRM parts work together to shape organizational success.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

LER 497B
Leadership Development: A Life-Long Learning Perspective (3) The course examines the continuing influence of social and environmental factors in shaping leadership and leadership development.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

LER 497B
Leadership Development: A Life-Long Learning Perspective (3) The cours examines the continuing influence of social and enviromental factors in shaping leadership and leadership development.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

LER 497C
Career Development Seminar II (1.5) This seminar will help students to position themselves for a successful career as a professional in human resources, employment relations, or labor. This seminar focuses on helping students to lauch their career by prioritizing potential employers and promoting yourself as a strong candidate for a career path and positions that matche their interests and strengths. Students will discover proven techniques for marketing themselves through their resume, correspondence, and screening interviews. This seminar includes guidelines for managing behavior-based interviews, strategies for showing prosepctive employers and recruiters how they can meet their needs and add value. The course also offers useful tips for negotiating offers and compensation packages as well as suggestions related to planning for graduate or professional school.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

LER 497C
Organization of the Workplace (3) Organization of the Workplace focuses on understanding how organizations work and why people behave as they do in work settings. It also covers the role of organizational systems, structures, and processes in shaping behavior, and explains how organizations really work. Drawing from fields including management, anthropology, scoiology, information technology, ethics, economics, and psychology, this course provides a foundation for the effective management of people in organizations. Course material and assignments provide opportunities to: 1) Understand how organizations work and why people behave as they do in work settings; 2) Better understand your own work related traits and perspectives; 3) Improvie your ability to analyze and understand organizational situations; 4) Improve your skills reacting appropriately to organizational situations; 5) Improve your ability to create and maintain healthy and productive work environments.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

LER 497F
International Human Resource Management (3) International Human Resource Management builds on the foundations of human resource management (HR) by considering what this concept means in different countries around the world. As organizations become increasingly the way of a seamless progression of HRM across national boundaries. From a cultural perspective, the course compares how people in different countries see themselves and others around them, and how expectations, vales and beliefs can differ. For an institutional perspective, it compares how national level legislation, state intervention, trade untion influence, and the respective power of shareholders versus stakeholders all impact on patterns of HRM practices in different countries. Finally, the course investigates how multinational enterprises are managing this complexity, making strategic choices in international HRM to ensure they achieve the ultimate balancing act of thinking global but acting local.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

LER 499 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Spring 2008

LING 001 (GS;US;IL)
The Study of Language (3) A non-technical introduction to the study of human language, and its role in human interaction. Students who have successfully completed LING 100 may not enroll in LING 001.
Effective: Summer 2005

LING 097
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1992

LING 098
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1992

LING 100 (GS)
Foundations of Linguistics (3) Systematic study of linguistic structures in a variety of the world's languages; an overview of language, and its organization.
Effective: Spring 2011

LING 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1992

LING 198
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1992

LING 199 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

LING 294
Research Project A1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

LING 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1983

LING 298
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1992

LING 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

LING 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

LING 397
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1992

LING 398
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1992

LING 399 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

LING 402
Syntax I (3) Principles of grammatical analysis in the generative framework; an overview of syntactic structures across languages.
Effective: Fall 2001

LING 404
Phonology I (3) The analysis of the sound systems of human languages; focus on common phonological processes across languages and on phonetics-phonology interface.
Effective: Fall 2001

LING 429 (PSYCH 426)
Language and Thought (3) Relations between language and cognition; cognitive implications of normal and impaired language development; cognition and bilingualism.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 LING 001 or LING 100

LING 446 (PSYCH 427)
L1 Acquisition (3) How children learn their first language; psycholinguistic aspects of lexical, syntactic, semantic, and phonological development.
Effective: Spring 2010
Prerequisite: LING 100 or PSYCH 002 or permission of program

LING 447
Bilingualism (3) Explores the social and psychological aspects of bilingualism; topics include languages in contact, transference, maintenance, and loss.
Effective: Fall 2001

LING 448
Sociolinguistics (3) Issues in the study of language in its sociocultural context; analysis of social dialects and speech styles.
Effective: Fall 2001

LING 449
Semantics I (3) The study of meaning in human language; methods of analysis; study of sense, reference, compositionality, quantification, presupposition, and sentence- level meaning.
Effective: Fall 2001

LING 457 (PSYCH 457)
Psychology of Language (3) Overview of psychological research and theory on language processes, including speech perception, word recognition, meaning representation, comprehension, and language acquisition.
Effective: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 or LING 100

LING 493
Field Methods (3) Primary linguistic investigation of a language different from English; field work with a native speaker; data gathering; linguistic analysis.
Effective: Fall 2001

LING 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

LING 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

LING 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

LING 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1983

LING 497A
Neurolinguistics (3) This course is an introduction to neurolinguistics, organization and processing of languages in the brain. It will examine language organization in the cortex, first language development, language loss, and the bilingual.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: PSY 100 or LING 100

LING 497C
Methods in Language Contact Research (3) This course will explore a variety of approaches to the study of language contact, with special emphasis on naturalistic data from bilingual speech communities. Topics to be discussed include data collection, identifying and verifying the effects of language contact, the selection of appropriate quantitative models, adaptation of laboratory-based techniques to field settings, and interpretation of results. Practical demonstrations will be derived from environments in which Spanish is in contact with languages of diverse typological characteristics, including Portuguese, Italian, English, Quechua, Palenquero, and Fang. Students will work on individual projects that use language-contact environments as proving grounds for the development and testing of linguistic theories.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

LING 498
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Fall 1992

LING 499 (IL)
Foreign Studies (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

LTNST 300 (WMNST 300) (US)
Latinas in the US: Gender Culture and Society (3) This course examines the historical development, theoretical premises, and political, social, and artistic contributions of Latina feminisms in the United States.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: LTNST 100 or WMNST 100

NUTR 111 (HIST 111) (GH;US)
American Food System: History, Technology and Culture (3) A cultural analysis of the evolution of U.S. agricultural production and food consumption patterns, the food industry and food marketing.
Effective: Fall 2013

NUTR 430 (S T S 430) (IL)
Global Food Strategies: Problems and Prospects for Reducing World Hunger (3) Technological, social, and political solutions to providing basic food needs; food resources, population, and the environment; current issues.
Effective: Summer 2005

OLEAD 100 (GS)
Introduction to Leadership (3) This course introduces key leadership concepts and practices based on current theory and research. It is designed to help students to discover the knowledge and skills that are characteristic of effective leaders.
Effective: Summer 2012

OLEAD 409
Leadership Development: A Life-Long Learning Perspective (3) The course examines the continuing influence of social and environmental factors in shaping leadership and leadership development.
Effective: Summer 2012
Prerequisite: 6th semester standing

OLEAD 464 (LER 464)
Communication Skills for Leaders in Groups and Organizations (3) Theory-and research-based communication skills for leaders dealing with work-related problems in contemporary groups and organizations.
Effective: Spring 2013

OLEAD 465 (LER 465)
Collective Decision Making (3) Application of theories of decision making to work-related issues in groups and organizations requiring collective resolution action.
Effective: Spring 2013

PL SC 001 (GS)
Introduction to American National Government (3) Introduction to development and nature of American political culture, constitutional/structural arrangements, electoral/policy processes; sources of conflict and consensus.
Effective: Spring 2002

PL SC 001H (GS)
Introduction to American National Government (3) Introduction to development and nature of American political culture, constitutional/structural arrangements, electoral/policy processes; sources of conflict and consensus.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

PL SC 001H (GS)
Introduction to American National Government (3) Introduction to development and nature of American political culture, constitutional/structural arrangements, electoral/policy processes; sources of conflict and consensus.
Effective: Fall 2015 Ending: Fall 2015Future: Fall 2015

PL SC 001S (GS)
Introduction to American National Government (3) Introduction to development and nature of American political culture, constitutional/structural arrangements, electoral/policy processes; sources of conflict and consensus.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

PL SC 002
American Public Policy (3) Examination of selected areas of public policy in America. Analysis of policy content, alternatives, and impact.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 003 (GS;IL)
Introduction to Comparative Politics (3) Introduction to study of comparative government and politics: normative/ empirical theories; government functions in modern societies; representative structures and processes.
Effective: Fall 2007

PL SC 003U (GS;IL)
Introduction to Comparative Politics (3) Introduction to study of comparative government and politics: normative/ empirical theories; government functions in modern societies; representative structures and processes.
Effective: Summer 2012

PL SC 007 (GS)
Contemporary Political Ideologies (3) Critical analysis of contemporary political ideologies such as liberalism, conservatism, socialism, anarchism, fascism, feminism, and environmentalism.
Effective: Fall 2004

PL SC 014 (GS;IL)
International Relations (3) Characteristics of modern nation-states and forces governing their international relations; nationalism; imperialism; diplomacy; current problems of war and peace. Credit will not be given for both this course and INT U 200.
Effective: Fall 2007

PL SC 014U (GS;IL)
International Relations (3) Characteristics of modern nation-states and forces governing their international relations; nationalism; imperialism; diplomacy; current problems of war and peace. Credit will not be given for both this course and INT U 200.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

PL SC 014U (GS;IL)
International Relations (3) Characteristics of modern nation-states and forces governing their international relations; nationalism; imperialism; diplomacy; current problems of war and peace. Credit will not be given for both this course and INT U 200.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

PL SC 014U (GS;IL)
International Relations (3) Characteristics of modern nation-states and forces governing their international relations; nationalism; imperialism; diplomacy; current problems of war and peace. Credit will not be given for both this course and INT U 200.
Effective: Fall 2015 Ending: Fall 2015Future: Fall 2015

PL SC 017 (GS)
Introduction to Political Theory (3) Introduction to basic issues in political theory through analysis of selected major political thinkers.
Effective: Spring 2003

PL SC 017W (GS)
Introduction to Political Theory (3) Introduction to basic issues in political theory through analysis of selected major political thinkers.
Effective: Spring 2001

PL SC 020 (GS;IL)
Comparative Politics--Western Europe (3) Comparative analysis of political cultures, interest groups, parties, and decision-making processes in principal Western European political systems.
Effective: Fall 2007

PL SC 022 (GS;IL)
Politics of the Developing Areas (3) The impact of colonialism, nationalism, and development policy on the political culture, structure, and transformation of post-colonial regimes.
Effective: Spring 2010

PL SC 060 (ANTH 060, J ST 060, SOC 060) (GS;IL)
Society and Cultures in Modern Israel (3) An introduction to the society and cultures of the State of Israel from 1948 to the present.
Effective: Summer 2006

PL SC 083S (GS)
First-Year Seminar in Political Science (3) Exploration of current topics of interest in political science, international relations, and/or political theory.
Effective: Summer 1999

PL SC 091
Introduction to Peace and Conflict Studies (3) Introduction to theory and practice concerning major contemporary issues of peace and conflict; includes anthropological, technological, psychological, and economic perspectives.
Effective: Spring 2013

PL SC 110 (GS;US)
Rights in America (3) This course explores the historical and contemporary struggles of particular groups within American society to expand their rights.
Effective: Summer 2006

PL SC 123 (GS;US;IL)
Ethnic and Racial Politics (3) Political movements among United States ethnic and racial groups; government policies on race and ethnicity; comparison to other culturally diverse countries.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 or PL SC 003

PL SC 125
Pennsylvania Government and Politics (3) Pennsylvania political processes; executive, legislative, judicial decision- making, and electoral behavior; selected public policies.
Effective: Fall 1984

PL SC 130 (GS;US)
American Political Campaigns and Elections (3) Methods and strategies of American political campaigns: polls, political consultants, parties, and the media.
Effective: Fall 2007

PL SC 132 (GS;IL)
The Politics of International Intolerance (3) Introductory course emphasizing psychological, historical, and political aspects of global intolerance towards minorities.
Effective: Fall 2007

PL SC 135 (S T S 135) (GS)
The Politics of the Ecological Crisis (3) The political implications of the increasing scarcity of many of the world's resources.
Effective: Spring 2001

PL SC 137
United States Intelligence and Policy Making (3) The policy making process in the United States foreign intelligence and security policy; emphasis on the period following World War II.
Effective: Spring 2001

PL SC 155
Understanding Tyranny (3) Exploration of the rationales, methods, and consequences of highly repressive political regimes through novels, films, and memoirs.
Effective: Summer 1996

PL SC 177 (GS)
Politics and Government in Washington DC (1-3) The course centers on a Spring Break trip to Washington DC, with students meeting on campus before and after the trip.
Effective: Fall 2007

PL SC 197
Special topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

PL SC 197H (ASIA 197H, ANTH 197H)
From Recipients to Donors: Unpacking the Global Development Apparatus. (1) How often have you seen a call to end poverty coupled with images of brown people presumably located on the other side of the globe? Much of the public discourse about international development focuses on recipients of aid in the so-called 'Global South' and their problems and needs. This course shifts your gaze in other directions. We begin by looking from recipients to donors - at the global development apparatus and the development professionals that staff development agencies; we then consider how the tidy formulations of 'donor' and 'recipient' have been upset by the recent phenomenon of the so- called 'emerging donors'. We examined two such donor countries: Russia and China. You will go out and retreive current examples of discourse about donors and recipients of international development asssistance and will critically unpack it. The goal of the class is to foster a different way of seeing the world and the relationships within it.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

PL SC 199 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

PL SC 199A (IL)
Ancient Foundations (3) This course examines how the fall of the Roman Republic and the emergence of the Roman Empire shaped the Founding Father's view of democracy, and ultimately influenced the design of the American Constitution.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

PL SC 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

PL SC 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

PL SC 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

PL SC 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

PL SC 300H
Introduction to Independent Thesis Research (3) Introduction to research design, principles of social science research, and development on honors theses research proposal.
Effective: Fall 2008

PL SC 306H
Senior Thesis Writing Workshop (1 per semester, maximum of 3) This seminar supports the writing and editing of senior honors theses.
Effective: Fall 2005

PL SC 309
Quantitative Political Analysis (3) Data analysis and statistical applications in political research, including data processing; inferential statistics; contingency analysis; correlation and regression; multivariate analysis.
Effective: Fall 2009
Prerequisite: any 3 credits in political science

PL SC 395
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

PL SC 397
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 2007

PL SC 399 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005

PL SC 403
The Legislative Process (3) Analysis of the policy process within the legislative system; the effects of environmental factors on policy alternatives and legislative decision making.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 or PL SC 003

PL SC 405
The American Presidency (3) An examination of the selection methods for, and powers of, the American presidency, as well as other chief executives.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 409 (CAS 409)
Democratic Deliberation (3) Explores the theory and practice of democratic deliberation in elections, town meetings, juries, legislatures, and other public institutions.
Effective: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: CAS 137 CAS 175 CAS 201 CAS 202 CAS 216 CAS 250 CAS 272 or PL SC 001 PL SC 017 PL SC 112 PL SC 130

PL SC 410
Strategy and Politics (3) This course examines political behavior using social choice theory and game theory.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 PL SC 003 or PL SC 014

PL SC 411W
Principles of International Cooperation (3) An exploration of the forces that make conflict, or cooperation, more likely in international relations.
Effective: Summer 2006
Prerequisite: PL SC 014

PL SC 412
International Political Economy (3) The transnational politics of trade, investment, aid, raw materials, and the environment; nation-states, multinational corporations, and the U.N.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 102 ECON 104 ECON 014 I B 303 or BUS 364

PL SC 413
The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union (3) Background, organization, and operation of the Communist Party and the government of the Soviet Union.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: 3 credits from: PL SC 003 PL SC 014 PL SC 155 or RUS 100

PL SC 414
Dictators and Their Demise (3) Dictators and Their Demise examines the political economy of authoritarian rule.
Effective: Summer 2011
Prerequisite: PL SC 003

PL SC 415
International Organization: Political and Security Functions (3) Theory and evolution of international organization; political and security functions of the United Nations and regional organizations.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: PL SC 014

PL SC 417
American Local Government and Administration (3) Organization, powers, functions, and problems of American cities and metropolitan areas; modern trends and developments.
Effective: Winter 1978
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 418
International Relations Theory (3) A survey of traditional and contemporary conceptual frameworks and theoretical approaches for the analysis of international relations.
Effective: Winter 1978
Prerequisite: PL SC 014

PL SC 418W
International Relations Theory (3) A survey of traditional and contemporary conceptual frameworks and theoretical approaches for the analysis of international relations.
Effective: Spring 1999
Prerequisite: PL SC 014

PL SC 419
The Bureaucratic State (3) Overview of structural, technological, decision-making, behavioral, and political subsystems of bureaucracy; emphasis on bureaucratic dynamics within larger environmental, interorganizational contexts.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 PL SC 002 or PUBPL 304W

PL SC 422
Comparative Urban Politics (3) Relationships between structure and evolution of city systems and patterns of political behavior.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 003 PL SC 020 PL SC 022 or PL SC 417

PL SC 423
Post-Soviet Politics (3) Aspects of political transition and institutions of the fifteen Soviet successor republics; emphasis on Russia and republican confederation.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 003 PL SC 155 or RUS 100

PL SC 424
Topics in Comparative Government and Institutions (3) Topics in the comparative analysis of representative contemporary Western and non-Western governmental institutions.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 3 credits from PL SC 003 PL SC 020 PL SC 022

PL SC 425
Government and Politics of the American States (3) Comparative analysis of political processes; executive, legislative, and judicial decision making and behavior; examination of systems functioning; selected public policies.
Effective: Winter 1978
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 426
Political Parties and Interest Groups (3) Interest group basis of American politics, analysis of party and group behavior in electoral politics and the policy process.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 427
Political Opinion (3) Nature and development of mass attitudes and opinions; political socialization; voting behavior; relation between opinions and public policy.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 428 (WMNST 428) (US;IL)
Gender and Politics (3) Gender in politics in the United States and around the world; major areas of women and politics research.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 3 credits in political science or women's studies

PL SC 429
Analysis of Electoral Politics (3) The new politics, its technology, and the strategic perspectives that underlie it.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 430
Selected Works in the History of Political Theory (3) Detailed examination and analysis of a selected major work, thinker, or tradition in the history of political theory.
Effective: Spring 1998
Prerequisite: PL SC 017 or PL SC 007

PL SC 430W
Selected Works in the History of Political Theory (3) Detailed examination and analysis of a selected major work, thinker, or tradition in the history of political theory.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: PL SC 017 or PL SC 007

PL SC 431
Ancient, Medieval, and Renaissance Political Theories (3) Political theories of Plato and Aristotle; selected Greek, Roman, medieval, and Renaissance theorists through Machiavelli.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: PL SC 017 or PL SC 007

PL SC 432
Modern and Contemporary Political Theories (3) Political theories of the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries, including Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Marx, Mill, Mosca, Weber, and selected theorists.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: PL SC 017 or PL SC 007

PL SC 434 (AFR 434) (IL)
War and Development in Africa (3) This course will examine the relationship between war and development in sub-Saharan Africa in the post colonial era.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: PL SC 014 PL SC 003 AFR 110

PL SC 435
Foundations of American Political Theory (3) Political theories of colonial, revolutionary, and constitutional periods presented through works of selected thinkers and analysis of particular political problems.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 PL SC 017 or PL SC 007

PL SC 435W
Foundations of American Political Theory (3) Political theories of the revolutionary and constitutional periods presented through works of selected political thinkers and political issues.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 PL SC 017 or PL SC 007

PL SC 437
War in World Politics (3) Causes, resolution, and consequences of crises and wars; testing theories of conflict using both case and statistical studies.
Effective: Summer 1997
Prerequisite: PL SC 014

PL SC 438
National Security Policies (3) Impact of national security on U.S. government and foreign policy; roles and interaction of President, Congress, government agencies, interest groups.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 or PL SC 014

PL SC 439 (CRIMJ 439)
The Politics of Terrorism (3) Analysis of political terrorism as a violent alternative for peaceful change and traditional warfare in the nuclear age.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CRIMJ 100 or PL SC 014 or permission of program

PL SC 440 (AFR 440, I B 440) (US;IL)
Globalization and Its Implications (3) This course explores the socioeconomic implications of globalization.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: AF AM 100 or AFR 110 or PL SC 003 or PL SC 014 or PL SC 020 or PL SC 022

PL SC 441
Transnational Corporations and Other Organizations in International Relations (3) Analysis of the effects of transnational actor behavior on international relations.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: ECON 333 I B 303 PL SC 014 or BUS 364

PL SC 442
American Foreign Policy (3) Principles of American foreign policy; processes of policy formulation; roles of the President, Congress, the State Department, and other government agencies.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 014

PL SC 443 (AFR 443) (IL)
Ethnic Conflict in Africa (3) This course explores the various causes and impacts of ethnic conflicts in the African context.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: AF AM 100 AFR 110 PL SC 001 PL SC 003 PL SC 007 PL SC 014 PL SC 017 PL SC 020 or AFRAS 301

PL SC 444
Government and the Economy (3) Interactions of governmental and economic activity in American life. Survey of governmental (national, state, local) promotional, regulatory, and ownership policies.
Effective: Winter 1978
Prerequisite: 3 credits in political science or economics

PL SC 445Y (AF AM 445Y, LER 445Y) (US)
Politics of Affirmative Action (3) Examines history, politics, and economics of the use of special programs to advance racial interests in the U.S.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: AAA S 100 level course and PL SC 001 or PL SC 007

PL SC 452
Government and Politics of Central Europe (3) Politics and society in the Communist Era, the revolutions of 1989, and problems of adjustment to democracy and market.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 003 PL SC 020 PL SC 022 or PL SC 155

PL SC 453 (IL)
Political Processes in Underdeveloped Systems (3) Comparative analysis of the political, social, and economic problems characteristic of underdeveloped systems.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 003 PL SC 020 or PL SC 022

PL SC 454 (AFR 454) (IL)
Government and Politics of Africa (3) Contemporary African politics, institutions, and ideologies; patterns of change, social forces, and nation building in selected African states.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: 3 credits from: AFR 110 PL SC 003 PL SC 020 or PL SC 022

PL SC 455
Governments and Politics of Western Europe (3) Comparative analysis of political and governmental structures of major West European nations; main functions and processes of such structures.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 003 or PL SC 020

PL SC 456
Politics and Institutions of Latin-American Nations (3) Social forces and processes, governmental institutions, foreign policies of major states of Latin America.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: HIST 179 PL SC 003 PL SC 020 or PL SC 022

PL SC 457
International Politics of Latin America (3-6) Relationships among the nations of Latin America and the social forces which determine and shape their direction.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: HIST 179 PL SC 003 PL SC 014 PL SC 020 or PL SC 022

PL SC 458
Government and Politics of East Asia (3-6) Examination of political institutions, democratic and communist revolution, political leadership, political processes of major states of East Asia.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: 3 credits from PL SC 003 PL SC 020 PL SC 022

PL SC 459 (AFR 459) (IL)
Culture and World Politics (3) Role of culture in world politics.
Effective: Spring 2013

PL SC 460 (S T S 460)
Science, Technology, and Public Policy (3) The all-pervasive importance of science and technology policy in modern societies and mechanisms and processes by which it is made.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: 3 credits in natural sciences or engineering 3 credits in social and behavioral sciences

PL SC 462
Marxist and Socialist Political Theory (3) Analysis of major problems and key works in the Marxist and Socialist tradition; dialectical materialism, alienation, class warfare, etc.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 017 PL SC 007 PL SC 413 or PL SC 452

PL SC 466
Political Psychology (3) An interdisciplinary investigation of the major topics and debates characterizing the subfield of political psychology.
Effective: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 PL SC 003 PL SC 014 or PSYCH 100

PL SC 467
International Relations of the Middle East (3) The international relations of the Middle East, stressing national security policies of regional and outside actors, and major contemporary conflicts.
Effective: Spring 1985
Prerequisite: PL SC 014 or HIST 181

PL SC 470W
Legal Brief Writing (3) Writing of legal briefs as practiced in American courts.
Effective: Spring 1998
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 471
American Constitutional Law (3) The origins of judicial review, landmark decisions of the Supreme Court, and their impact on the American form of government.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 472
The American Legal Process (3) Analysis of the roles, procedures, and policies characterizing the American legal system.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 473
American Judicial Behavior (3) Analyzes behavior of judges and other participants in the legal process; examines how and why courts function as policymaking bodies.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 474
Civil Liberties and Due Process (3) Fundamental problems relating to civil liberities and due process.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 480W
Congress and the Presidency (3) Basic characteristics and processes of the national legislature and executive; roles and interaction of these institutions in the policy process.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 481
Global Political Economy (3) This course examines states, markets, power, production, and the relations between the various transnational agents who act in these areas. Students may not receive credit for PL SC 481 and PL SC 412.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 014 or INTST 100

PL SC 482
American State and Urban Politics (3) Explores basic characteristics and processes of American state and urban politics; nature of intergovernmental relations involving these governmental levels.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 484W
The Foreign Policy of Soviet Successor States (3) Relations between Russia and The Newly Independent States (NIS); Russia's relations with selected foreign states and political Institutions; regional impact of the NIS in Baltic, Asian, and Central Asian areas.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 003

PL SC 487
International Law and Organizations (3) Major topics and issues of international law with special attention to institutional arrangements (international organizations) through which that law operates.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 003 or PL SC 014

PL SC 488
Comparative Public Policy (3) Comparative methodology and public policy implementation in postindustrial societies; selected case studies of policy output.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 003

PL SC 489
Public Administration (3) A survey of the major approaches to the management of most governmental agencies.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001

PL SC 490
Policy Making and Evaluation (3) Advanced analysis of public policy, emphasizing policy evaluation and the factors that determine policy success and failure.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 PL SC 002 or PUBPL 304W

PL SC 491
Peace and Conflict Studies Seminar (3) Advanced study of major contemporary issues of peace and conflict; includes anthropological, technological, psychological, and economic perspectives.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: PL SC 014 PL SC 091

PL SC 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

PL SC 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

PL SC 495
Political Science Internship (1-6) Combining experience in government offices, related agencies, or law firms, with appropriate readings and a research paper/report.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: prior consent of supervisor adviser or department head; applicable departmental internship requirements such as satisfactory completion of required 300- or 400-level courses appropriate for the internship program selected

PL SC 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

PL SC 496A
Context of Post WWI Diplomatic Law (1-6) Will examine development relative to the 1961 Vienna Convention on diplomatic relations.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

PL SC 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

PL SC 497A
Democracy and Its Impacts (3) Does democracy matter? Do democratic countries grow faster than dictatorships, or provide more public benefits to their people? Do they invest more in health and education? Are incomes more equal in democratic states? Are democracies less corrput? This course focuses on differences in government polic ies and performance across different regime types, to determine whether democratic regimes outpace autocracies. Given the amounts of international aid devoted to democracy promotion around the globe, the topic should be relevant for anyone intersted in foreign aid, international development, or the impacts of transitions from dictatorship to democracy.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

PL SC 497A
Democracy and Its Impacts (3) Does democracy matter? Do democratic countries grow faster than distatorships, or provide more public benefits to their people? Do they invest more in health and education? Are incomes more equal in democratic states? Are democracies less corrupt? This course focuses on differences in government policies and performance across different regime types, to determine whether democratic regimes outpace autocracies. Given the amounts of international aid devoted to democracy promotion around the globe, the topic should be relevant for anyone interested in foreign aid, international development, or the impacts of transitions from dictatorship to democracy.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

PL SC 497B
The Psychology of Terrorism (3) This class introduces students to the study of terrorism from a psychological perspective. That is, the study of the thoughts and the behaviors of those individuals who use fear to attain their goals, and those individuals who are victims of fear-driven compliance. We will explore the psychological processes that create a terrorist, the motivation for individual terrorists, terrorist organizations and their leaders, which may greatly differ. Students will learn about recruitment and indoctrination and gain an understanding of the socio-political conditions that propagate terrorist organizations and serve as recruitment tools for terrorists. Students will learn to "think" like a terrorist, in order to better understand their motives, their objectives, the methods used to achieve their objectives, and how to defeat them.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

PL SC 497B
Business-Government Relations (3) In this class, we will study what drives the structure and behavior of business relations with governments in various kinds of political systems. We will trace the nature of business-government interactions throughout the political process from election campaigns to policy formulation, and throughout the policy processes from design to implementation. We will use cases from developed and developing countries and analyze three policy cases using the tools we develop. By the end of this class you should be able to: identify and analyze the structure of business interactions with government and the political establishment in a given system, identify and analyze the sources of variation in the structure of these relationships across countries with different political and economic systems, and development levels and, construct an appropriate framework to evaluate the policy and political implications of adopting different business-government models.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

PL SC 497C
Religion and War in World Politics (3) This coure examines the relationship between religion and war in world politics in the modern era. Religion has become increasingly important in the relations within and between states; however, it has been an under-studied topic in world politics. This class focuses on the salience of religion in workd politics; specifically, it examines the role of religion in warfare (primarily, but not exclusively international warfare). In this course, we will evaluate the extent to which religious motivation(s) of leaders (and followers), religious characteristics of states, and religious justifications generate armed conflicts; and also attemt to determine the extent to which presumable "religious wars" are different from "non-religious" (or "secular") wars. Although the class will examine the topic broadly, particular attention will be paid to more systematic studies and findings regarding these issues.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

PL SC 497C
The Politics of Human Rights (3) This course examines the politics of human rights and repression, focusing on the causes and consequences of human rights violations. The core questions considered include: Are human rights universal? Why do governments choose to repress individuals within their jurisdiction? Have levels of repression changed over time? What strategies have international institutions, non-state actors, and individuals used to uncover and reduce the use of repressive actions? Students will learn to identify and critically evaluate human rights issues as they arise in different time periods and regions of the world. Course material will draw from the diverse research methodologies that have been applied to the study of human rights.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

PL SC 497D
Politics and the Media (3) This course is designed to introduce students to the interactive dynamics of the news media and the political system. We focus primarily on the news media as it is the dominant medium for political communication. Theoretical concerns include the type of inforamtion systems necessary for a healthy and vibrant democractic culture. We also examine the relationship between the historical development of mass media and its impact on democractic communication. Other topics addressed include media bias, framing journalistic norms and routines, and government regulation. Finally, we are in the midst of a profound transformation of the news media - largely influenced by the Internet - and understanding the implication of the changing nature of the news provide insight for the future of American democracy.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

PL SC 497D
Politics in the Media (3) This course is designed to introduce students to the interactive dynamics of the news media and the political system. We focus primarily on the news media as it is the dominant medium for political communication. Theoretical concerns include the type of information systems necessary for a healthy and vibrant democratic communication. Other topics addressed include media bias, framing, journalistic norms and routines, and government regulation. Finally, we are in the midst of profound transformation of the news media - largely influenced by the Internet - and understanding the implications of the changing nature of the news provide insight for the future of American democracy.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

PL SC 497E
Government and Politics of South Asia (3) This course will present an overview of the politics of modern South Asia focusing on Afghanistan, India and Pakistan. We will then begin our exploration of South Asian politics by studying the impact of the British colonial experience, the rise of nationalism and the emergence of independent nation states in South Asia. In order to develop a broad understanding of the political and economic experience of the region we will spend time analyzing the 3 countries individually. Additionally, we will explore in detail three important themes in Political Science. First, the state of economic development in these countries. Second, the relationship between identity politics and violence. Third, international relations of these countries focusing on terrorism and nuclear policy.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

PL SC 497E
Sex, Race and Justice: The U.S. Supreme Court & Equality (3) During the past few years, the U.S. Supremem Court has placed new restrictions on affirmative action, ruled unconstitutional the federal government's Defence of Marriage Act, and supported new restrictions on voting rights while state supreme courts have played an increasingly active role in determining the rights of same-sex couples. In this course, we will draw upon political science and legal approaches to examine the judiciary's approach to ensuring equality through an examination of cases involving same-sex rights, affirmative action, and voting rights. We will explore difficult questions such as: How does the Court define equality? Are justices' decisions driven by law, ideology, or both? Is the Supreme Court particularly activist? Is the current Supreme Court ideological? Readings include court cases, newspaper articles, and essays from political science and law journals.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

PL SC 497F
Democratization in Asia (3) This seminar addresses the literature on democracy and democratization and then applies it in Asia. Since 1974, over thirty countries around the world started a transition toward democracy. As a result of these democratic events, comparative scholars have studied these, and earlier transition cases, to understand why some countries become democratic while others do not, and why some new democracies show signs of considering while others collapse. This seminar, then, addresses the recent work in the field of democratization, First, we will review works that define and measure key cocepts, such as authoritarianism, democracy, and democratic consolidation. Then, we will consider a range of factors to explain the installation, consolidationa, or failure of democracy in specific Asian countires. The goal of this seminar are three-fold.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

PL SC 497F
Politics in the Middle East (3) This course examines the politics of the Middle East. The aim of the course is to develop a greater understanding of this region, beyond the narrow scope of conflicts presented to Western audiences by the media. The course begins with an overview of the history and culture of a region that spans millions of square miles, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Persian Gulf. Course topics include the development of Islam, the dominant religions in the region, and its political implications. Other topics examined in the course are the region's politics, economy, colonialization, democracy movements, international affairs, gender and the treatment of women, and relationship with American foriegn policy in the region. In addition to classwork, students will choose one country from the region for the focus of their individual research projects.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

PL SC 497H
Sex, Race and Justice: The U.S. Supremem Court & Equality (3) During the past few years, the U.S. Supreme Court has placed new restrictions on affirmative action, ruled unconstitutional the federal government's Defense of Marriage Act, and supported new restrictions on voting rights while state supreme courts have played an increasingly active role in determining the rights of same-sex couples. In this course, we will draw upon political science and legal approaches to examine the judiciary's approach to ensuring equality through an examination of cases, involving same-sex rights, affirmative action, and voting rights. We will explore difficult questions such as: How does the Court define equality? Are justices' decisions driven by law, ideology, or both? Is the Supreme Court particularly activist? Is the current Supreme Court ideological? readings include court cases, newspaper articles, and essays from political science and law journals. Students will complete a final empirical research project.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

PL SC 499 (IL)
Foreign Study--Government (1-12) Study, in selected foreign countries, of political institutions.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: PL SC 003 3 credits in economics history political science or sociology

PSYCH 083S (GS)
First-Year Seminar in Psychology (3) Scientific, societal, and individual implications of contemporary psychological theory.
Effective: Spring 2007

PSYCH 100 (GS)
Introductory Psychology (3) Introduction to general psychology; principles of human behavior and their applications.
Effective: Spring 2007

PSYCH 100H (GS)
Introductory Psychology (3) Introduction to general psychology; principles of human behavior and their applications.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

PSYCH 100H (GS)
Introductory Psychology (3) Introduction to general psychology; principles of human behavior and their applications.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

PSYCH 100H (GS)
Introductory Psychology (3) Introduction to general psychology; principles of human behavior and their applications.
Effective: Fall 2015 Ending: Fall 2015Future: Fall 2015

PSYCH 100S (GS)
Introductory Psychology (3) Introduction to general psychology; principles of human behavior and their applications.
Effective: Spring 2007

PSYCH 105
Psychology as a Science and Profession (3) Overview of history and methods of psychology as a science and profession; applications and ethical issues in psychology.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 199 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Spring 2007

PSYCH 212 (GS)
Introduction to Developmental Psychology (3) Developmental principles; physical growth; linguistic, intellectual, emotional, and social development from infancy to maturity.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 212H (GS)
Introduction to Developmental Psychology (3) Developmental principles; physical growth; linguistic, intellectual, emotional, and social development from infancy to maturity.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 212H (GS)
Introduction to Developmental Psychology (3) Developmental principles; physical growth; linguistic, intellectual, emotional, and social development from infancy to maturity.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 212H (GS)
Introduction to Developmental Psychology (3) Developmental principles; physical growth; linguistic, intellectual, emotional, and social development from infancy to maturity.
Effective: Fall 2015 Ending: Fall 2015Future: Fall 2015
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 221 (GS)
Introduction to Social Psychology (3) Research and theory on topics including interpersonal attraction, aggression, helping, attitudes, attribution, cooperation, competition, and groups, from a psychological perspective.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 230 (GS)
Introduction to Psychologies of Religion (3) Introduction to major Western psychologies of religion (James, Freud, Jung) and to subsequent extensions of and departures from them.
Effective: Fall 2012

PSYCH 231 (GS;US)
Introduction to the Psychology of Gender (3) Psychological study of gender in historical and contemporary perspective. Role of gender in development, self-concept, social relations, and mental health.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 232 (GS;US;IL)
Cross-Cultural Psychology (3) This course examines how ethnic and cultural background influences patterns of human thought and behavior.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 238 (GS)
Introduction to Personality Psychology (3) Past and recent conceptualizations of key issues and root ideas of personality psychology.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 243 (GS)
Introduction to Well-being and Positive Psychology (3) Applying psychological knowledge to develop and maintain effective personal adjustment and well-being and positive social relations.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 253 (GS)
Introduction to Psychology of Perception (3) Survey of human perception and processing of perceptual information, with some reference to animal literature. Emphasizes vision and audition.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 256 (GS)
Introduction to Cognitive Psychology (3) Introduction to study of such higher mental processes as thinking and reasoning, imagery, concept formation, problem solving, and skilled performance.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 260A (GS)
Neurological Bases of Human Behavior (3) An introduction to biopsychology, emphasizing the structure and function of the human brain. Students may take only one course for credit from PSY 203 and PSY 203A.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 261 (GS)
Introduction to Psychology of Learning (3) A general survey of the learning area, including animal and human experiments, with the applicability of learning principles being discussed.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 269
Evolutionary Psychology (3) Survey of evolutionary perspectives in current psychological research.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 ; ANTH 021 BI SC 002 BIOL 133 or BIOL 222

PSYCH 270
Introduction to Abnormal Psychology (3) Overview of assessment, causes, and treatments of psychological disorders.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 270H
Introduction to Abnormal Psychology (3) Overview of assessment, causes, and treatments of psychological disorders.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 281 (GS)
Introduction to Industrial-Organizational Psychology (3) Personnel selection, training, accident prevention, morale, and organizational behavior.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100

PSYCH 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Spring 2007

PSYCH 295
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Spring 2007

PSYCH 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 2007

PSYCH 297A
Inter-Cultural Assessments of Undergraduate Student Attitudes and Beliefs (3) Introduces students to short assessment tools and techniques that address dimensions of personal and social functioning, such as the self-concept, relationship satisfaction, and self-control.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

PSYCH 297E (MUSIC 297E)
Introduction to Music Therapy (3) Introductory course in music therapy to study the populations served by this form of therapy and its basic techniques.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

PSYCH 297E (MUSIC 297E)
Introduction to Music Therapy (3) Introductory course in music therapy to study the populations served by this form of therapy and its basic techniques.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

PSYCH 299 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Spring 2007

PSYCH 300H
Honors Course in Psychology (1-6) Individual study and seminar in selected phases of psychology.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: invitation of Program Honors Committee

PSYCH 301W
Basic Research Methods in Psychology (4) Introduction to methods of psychological research, with special attention to hypothesis formation and testing, threats to validity, and data presentation.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 ; PSYCH 200 or STAT 200

PSYCH 399 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Spring 2007

PSYCH 400
Intermediate Experimental Design (3) Design and analysis of experiments on human and animal behavior, including application of the t, F, chi-square, and binomial distributions.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 200 or STAT 200

PSYCH 404 (EDPSY 450)
Principles of Measurement (3) Scale transformation, norms, standardization, validation procedures, estimation of reliability.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: EDPSY 400 PSYCH 100 or PSYCH 200 ; STAT 200

PSYCH 405
Mathematical Psychology (3) Formalized psychological theories including models of social, biological, cognitive, and learning phenomena.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: MATH 040 or equivalent PSYCH 200 or STAT 200

PSYCH 407
Advanced Research Methods in Psychology (3) Advanced methodology focusing on the logic and practice of research in a selected content area of psychology.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 ; PSYCH 200 or STAT 200 ; PSYCH 301W

PSYCH 415
Topics in Developmental Psychology (3) Special topics in developmental psychology.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 413 or PSYCH 414

PSYCH 421
Self and Social Judgment (3) Individual's perceptions, evaluations, and decision-making strategies about themselves, others, and social situations or issues.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 PSYCH 221

PSYCH 423
Social Psychology of Interpersonal/Intergroup Relationships (3) In-depth study of relationships among individuals (e.g., intimate relationships) or groups (e.g., prejudice, cooperation, competition, aggression, and negotiation).
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 PSYCH 221

PSYCH 424
Applied Social Psychology (3) Application of social psychological theories and research methods to field settings and to the study of social issues.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 PSYCH 221

PSYCH 425
Psychology of Human Emotion (3) Reviews, critiques, and applies major historical and contemporary psychological theories of emotion experience, understanding, and expression.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 6 additional credits of PSYCH

PSYCH 426 (LING 429)
Language and Thought (3) Relations between language and cognition; cognitive implications of normal and impaired language development; cognition and bilingualism.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 or LING 001 or LING 100

PSYCH 427 (LING 446)
L1 Acquisition (3) How children learn their first language; psycholinguistic aspects of lexical, syntactic, semantic, and phonological development.
Effective: Spring 2010
Prerequisite: LING 100 or PSYCH 002 or permission of program

PSYCH 432 (US)
Multicultural Psychology in America (3) This course focuses on the central role of culture, race, and ethnicity in the human condition.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 6 additional credits of PSYCH

PSYCH 436
Humanistic, Existential, and Religious Approaches to Psychology (3) Existential, humanistic, and religious approaches to the psychology of experience, consciousness and will.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 or RL ST 001

PSYCH 441
Health Psychology (3) Overview of the field with an emphasis on how psychological research contributes to an understanding of health and behavior.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 6 additional credits of PSYCH

PSYCH 444
Engineering Psychology (3) Methods and results of experimental psychology pertinent to problems which involve man-machine relationships.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 6 additional credits of GQ or PSYCH

PSYCH 445
Forensic Psychology (3) Relations between psychological theory and research and the law, legal processes, and social policy.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 ; PSYCH 238 PSYCH 243 or PSYCH 270

PSYCH 450
Psychology of Consciousness (3) Introduction to psychological and physiological aspects of consciousness as related to brain function and clinical psychology.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 6 additional credits of PSYCH

PSYCH 457 (LING 457)
Psychology of Language (3) Overview of psychological research and theory on language processes, including speech perception, word recognition, meaning representation, comprehension, and language acquisition.
Effective: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 or LING 100

PSYCH 458
Visual Cognition (3) Overview of concepts and methods in cognitive visual-spatial processing.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 6 additional credits of PSYCH

PSYCH 459
Attention and Information Processing (3) An examination of attentional processes. Contemporary informational processing approaches will be emphasized.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 ; PSYCH 200 or STAT 200 ; 3 credits 400-level PSYCH

PSYCH 460
Comparative Psychology (3) Behavior from standpoint of phylogenetic growth and development; biological implications; comparison of different types of animals, including man.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 ; PSYCH 260

PSYCH 464
Behavior Genetics (3) Survey of gene mechanisms and gene-environment interactions in the determination of behavior; emphasis on deviant human behavior.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 ; ANTH 021 BI SC 002 BIOL 133 or BIOL 222

PSYCH 474
Psychological Intervention in Childhood (3) Psychology of personal relationships in school situations.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 ; PSYCH 212 PSYCH 238 PSYCH 243 or PSYCH 270

PSYCH 475
Psychology of Fear and Stress (3) Description and evaluation of major trends in research on stress and fear in humans and other animals.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 3 credits of BIOL statistics PSYCH 200 or STAT 200

PSYCH 476
Child Psychopathology (3) Etiology, diagnosis, and facilitation of adjustment of the mentally retarded, gifted, physically handicapped, and emotionally disturbed child.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 ; PSYCH 212 PSYCH 238 PSYCH 243 or PSYCH 270

PSYCH 477
Mental Health Practicum with Children (3) Overview of interventions for children at risk for mental health disorders; emphasis on intervention strategies, program evaluation, and applied skills.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 permission of program

PSYCH 478
Clinical Neuropsychology (3) Overview of functional human neuroanatomy and clinical neuropsychology, with emphasis on origin, assessment, and treatment of human brain damage.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 PSYCH 260

PSYCH 482
Selection and Assessment in Organizations (3) Background in personnel testing, performance measurement, selection strategies, with emphasis on validity and measurement reliability.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 PSYCH 200 or STAT 200 PSYCH 281

PSYCH 484
Work Attitudes and Motivation (3) Survey of theory and research with respect to attitudes, morale, and motivation of employees and management.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 ; PSYCH 200 or STAT 200 or 6 credits of GQ

PSYCH 485
Leadership in Work Settings (3) Review of research and application of behavior principles in the areas of management and supervision.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 ; PSYCH 281 or 3 credits MGMT

PSYCH 490
Senior Seminar in Psychology (3) Capstone experience for senior psychology majors; review of current research literature; topics vary.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 301W 6 credits 400-level PSY senior Psychology major

PSYCH 493
Senior Thesis (3-6) Supervised senior thesis research in psychology.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: approval of a thesis adviser in the department seventh-semester standing

PSYCH 494
Research Projects (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Spring 2007

PSYCH 494H
Research Projects (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

PSYCH 499 (IL)
Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Spring 2007

R SOC 011 (GS;US)
Introductory Rural Sociology (3) Basic sociological concepts applied to rural societal institutions and rural communities; causes and consequences of rural social change.   Students may take only one course for General Education credit from R SOC 011 GS or SOC 001 GS.
Effective: Summer 2013

RL ST 461 (SOC 461) (US;IL)
Sociology of Religion (3) Contemporary religion in the global perspectives: beliefs, structure, and function of major religious traditions, denominations, and cults.
Effective: Fall 2013
Prerequisite: 3 credits of sociology or religious studies

S T S 047 (SOC 047)
Wilderness, Technology, and Society (3) Impact of developments in science, literature, and art on changing attitudes toward nature; consequences for conservation, preservation, environmental ethics.
Effective: Spring 1991

S T S 055 (AERSP 055) (GN)
Space Science and Technology (3) The science and technology of space exploration and exploitation; physical principles; research and development; history, space policy, and social implications.
Effective: Spring 1994

S T S 105 (FD SC 105) (GHA)
Food Facts and Fads (3) Impact on society and the individual of modern food technology, food laws, additives, etc.; historical, current, and futuristic aspects.
Effective: Spring 2004

S T S 130
World Food Problems (1-3) Critical examination of data sources, issues, and perspectives concerning contributions of science, technology, and society in resolving world food problems.
Effective: Spring 1991

S T S 130H
World Food Problems (1-3) Critical examination of data sources, issues, and perspectives concerning contributions of science, technology, and society in resolving world food problems.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

S T S 135 (PL SC 135) (GS)
The Politics of the Ecological Crisis (3) The political implications of the increasing scarcity of many of the world's resources.
Effective: Spring 2001

S T S 150 (EM SC 150) (GN;IL)
Out of the Fiery Furnace (3) A history of materials, energy, and humans, with emphasis on their interrelationships. For nontechnical students.
Effective: Spring 2006

S T S 151 (HIST 151) (GS;US)
Technology and Society in American History (3) Development of technology in America from colonial times; its reception and its influence on social, economic, and political life.
Effective: Spring 2006

S T S 151S (GS;US)
Technology and Society in American History (3) Development of technology in America from colonial times; its reception and its influence on social, economic, and political life.
Effective: Summer 2012

S T S 157 (WMNST 157) (US)
Science, Technology, and Gender (3) The role of women and gender in science, technology, and engineering.
Effective: Fall 2011

S T S 200 (GS)
Critical Issues in Science, Technology, and Society (3) An overview of interactions between science, technology, and society from social sciences and humanities perspectives.
Effective: Spring 1995

S T S 200H (GS)
Critical Issues in Science, Technology, and Society (3) An overview of interactions between science, technology, and society from social sciences and humanities perspectives.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

S T S 200S (GS)
Critical Issues in Science, Technology, and Society (3) An overview of interactions between science, technology, and society from social sciences and humanities perspectives.
Effective: Summer 1999

S T S 201 (GN)
Climate Change, Energy, and Biodiversity (3) Studies of global warming, energy options, and biodiversity; their interrelations as sciences and as societal issues.
Effective: Summer 1994

S T S 201H (GN)
Climate Change, Energy, and Biodiversity (3) Studies of global warming, energy options, and biodiversity; their interrelations as sciences and as societal issues.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

S T S 407 (PHIL 407)
Technology and Human Values (3) Interrelationships of twentieth-century technological change and human values. Emphasis on the social and ethical aspects of technological progress.
Effective: Spring 1999
Prerequisite: 9 credits in philosophy including PHIL 107 or 6 credits of philosophy at the 200 level

S T S 408 (COMM 408)
Cultural Foundations of Communications (3) Examination of oral, scribal, print, industrial and electronic cultures; analysis of impact of technology on communications and social structure.
Effective: Spring 2009
Prerequisite: select 3 credits from COMM 100 COMM 110 COMM 118 COMM 150 COMM 180 COMM 251 COMM 260W COMM 320 COMM 370 ; or 3 credits of S T S

S T S 408H
Cultural Foundations of Communications (3) Examination of oral, scribal, print, industrial and electronic cultures; analysis of impact of technology on communications and social structure.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: select 3 credits from COMM 100 COMM 110 COMM 118 COMM 150 COMM 180 COMM 251 COMM 260W COMM 320 COMM 370 ; or 3 credits of S T S

S T S 420 (EM SC 420, SOC 420)
Energy and Modern Society (3) Technology and economics of energy resources, production, and consumption; environmental factors, exhaustion, new technology.
Effective: Spring 1991

S T S 428 (HIST 428) (IL)
The Darwinian Revolution (3) The origins and implications of evolutionary theory.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: An introductory Science course and a history course.

S T S 430 (NUTR 430) (IL)
Global Food Strategies: Problems and Prospects for Reducing World Hunger (3) Technological, social, and political solutions to providing basic food needs; food resources, population, and the environment; current issues.
Effective: Summer 2005

S T S 432 (PHIL 432)
Medical and Health Care Ethics (3) Examines ethical, political, and social issues in the research, implementation, and practice of medicine, medical technologies, and healthcare.
Effective: Fall 1998
Prerequisite: fifth-semester standing

S T S 433 (PHIL 433)
Ethics in Science and Engineering (3) Ethical issues arising in the practice of science and engineering and their philosophical analysis.
Effective: Fall 1995

S T S 435 (PHIL 435)
The Interrelation of Science, Philosophy, and Religion (3) The historical and transformative interactions between science and Western philosophical and religious views of nature, humanity, and God.
Effective: Spring 1996

S T S 457 (HIST 457, WMNST 457) (US;IL)
The History of Women in Science (3) Critical analysis of the role women, gender, and minorities have played in the natural sciences.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: HIST 116 HIST 117 WMNST 100 WMNST 106 or WMNST 157

S T S 460 (PL SC 460)
Science, Technology, and Public Policy (3) The all-pervasive importance of science and technology policy in modern societies and mechanisms and processes by which it is made.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: three credits in Natural Sciences or Engineering three credits in Social and Behavioral Sciences

S T S 470
Technology Assessment and Transfer (3) Nature of technology assessment and technology transfer in product design and development process from federal and university labs, and internationally.
Effective: Summer 1996

SO SC 001 (GS)
Urbanization (3) An overview of the social sciences, including an interdisciplinary analysis of the urban process.
Effective: Summer 1995

SO SC 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

SOC 001 (GS)
Introductory Sociology (3) The nature and characteristics of human societies and social life.   Students may take only one course for General Education credit from SOC 001 GS or R SOC 011 GS.
Effective: Spring 2003

SOC 001H (GS)
Honors Introductory Sociology (3) The nature and characteristics of human societies and social life.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

SOC 001S (GS)
Introductory Sociology (3) The nature and characteristics of human societies and social life.
Effective: Spring 2006

SOC 001W (GS)
Introductory Sociology (3) The nature and characteristics of human societies and social life.
Effective: Fall 1998

SOC 003 (GS)
Introductory Social Psychology (3) The impact of the social environment on perception, attitudes, and behavior.
Effective: Spring 2003

SOC 003H (GS)
Honors Introduction to Social Psychology (3) This is an honors course that enables students to learn, apply, and evaluate basic social psychology concepts, theories, and research.
Effective: Summer 2011

SOC 005 (GS)
Social Problems (3) Current social problems such as economic, racial, and gender inequalities; social deviance and crime; population, environmental, energy, and health problems.
Effective: Spring 2003

SOC 005H (GS)
Social Problems (3) Current social problems such as economic, racial, and gender inequalities; social deviance and crime; population, environmental, energy, and health problems.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

SOC 007
Introduction to Social Research (3) Fundamental concepts and problems in social science research; design, measurement, sampling, causation, validity, interpretation.
Effective: Spring 2001

SOC 012 (CRIMJ 012, CRIM 012) (GS)
Criminology (3) Explanations and measurement of crime; criminal law; characteristics of criminals and victims; violent, property, white-collar, organized, and sexual crimes.
Effective: Spring 2008

SOC 012H (CRIM 012H) (GS)
Criminology (3) Explanations and measurement of crime; criminal law; characteristics of criminals and victims; violent, property, white-collar, organized, and sexual crimes.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

SOC 012H (CRIM 012H) (GS)
Criminology (3) Explanations and measurement of crime; criminal law; characteristics of criminals and victims; violent, property, white-collar, organized, and sexual crimes.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

SOC 013 (CRIMJ 013) (GS)
Juvenile Delinquency (3) Juvenile conduct, causes of delinquency, current methods of treatment; organization and function of agencies concerned with delinquency.
Effective: Spring 2008

SOC 015 (GS)
Urban Sociology (3) City growth and decline; impact of city life on individuals, families, neighborhoods, and government; urban life-styles.
Effective: Summer 1995

SOC 023 (GS)
Population and Policy Issues (3) Local, national, and international population trends; basic techniques of demographic analysis; population problems; implications for public planning and policy.
Effective: Fall 2004

SOC 023H (GS)
Population and Policy Issues (3) Local, national, and international population trends; basic techniques of demographic analysis; population problems; implications for public planning and policy.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

SOC 030 (GS)
Sociology of the Family (3) Family structure and interaction; functions of the family as an institution; cross-cultural comparisons. Students may take only one course for General Education credit from SOC 030 or HD FS 129.
Effective: Spring 2003

SOC 030H (GS)
Sociology of the Family (3) Family structure and interaction; functions of the family as an institution; cross-cultural comparisons. Students may take only one course for General Education credit from SOC 030 or HD FS 129.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

SOC 035
Sociology of Aging (3) Introduction to the sociological study of aging.
Effective: Spring 2000

SOC 047 (S T S 047)
Wilderness, Technology, and Society (3) Impact of developments in science, literature, and art on changing attitudes toward nature; consequences for conservation, preservation, environmental ethics.
Effective: Fall 1983

SOC 055 (GS)
Work in Modern Society (3) The nature of work in varied occupational and organizational settings; current trends and work life in the future.
Effective: Summer 1995

SOC 083S (GS)
First-Year Seminar in Sociology (3) Critical approaches to issues in the structure of society.
Effective: Summer 1999

SOC 103 (AF AM 103, WMNST 103) (US)
Racism and Sexism (3) Critical analysis of the structure of race and gender inequality in the contemporary United States.
Effective: Spring 2013

SOC 109
Sociological Perspectives (3) Intensive and critical analysis of the bases of the social order, change, values, knowledge, and conflict.
Effective: Spring 2001

SOC 110 (WMNST 110) (GS;US)
Sociology of Gender (3) Changing sex role expectations and behavior for men and women in contemporary society.
Effective: Summer 2005

SOC 119 (GS;US)
Race and Ethnic Relations (4) Historical patterns and current status of racial and ethnic groups; inequality, competition, and conflict; social movements; government policy.
Effective: Summer 2005

SOC 197
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995

SOC 207
Research Methods in Sociology (3) Experiential-based course covering the four main social research methods: available data, survey research, experiments, and field research.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Sociology

SOC 294
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

SOC 296
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which will fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

SOC 297
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

SOC 297H (ANTH 297H, LER 297H)
Business as Usual: From Your Street to Wall Street (1) This course will allow students to gain new perspectives on business formations, corporate cultures, capitalist practices and ideologies. Businesses-be they individuals, families, corporations, nation-states or multi-lateral corporations-have identities that are invariably distinct from one another and which are forged upon and promote particular social relationships Ethnographic case studies, especially of the stock market and its related businesses, will provide the basis for discussing how these social relationships that enact power are embedded in broader cultural processes as well as ideologies. Acknowledging the multiple dynamic relationships between businesses, people and marketplaces will allow us to evaluate their roles as active and reactive producers, consumers and disseminators of cultural processes within our surrounding environments, extending from the local to the global.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

SOC 298
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be taught in one year or semester.
Effective: Spring 1995

SOC 300
Preceptorship in Sociology (1-8, maximum of 4 per semester) Supervised experience as a teaching assistant under the supervision of an approved faculty member.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: 3 credits in course work related to the subject of the course

SOC 309
Sociology of Health (3) Sociological concepts and principles operative in public and private areas of health and illness, including cultural, ethnic, and ecological factors.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Sociology

SOC 381H
Junior Honors Seminar in Sociology (1) Supervised experience in planning the honors thesis and a sociological career.
Effective: Spring 1999
Prerequisite: sociology major junior standing and admission to the Schreyer Honors College

SOC 395
Internship (1-6) Supervised off-campus, non-group instruction including individual field experiences, practicums or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Fall 1981
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

SOC 400W
Senior Research Seminar (3) Major concepts and principles of sociology through reading, data analysis, and writing. Capstone course for senior Sociology majors.
Effective: Fall 2001
Prerequisite: SOC 470

SOC 403
Advanced Social Psychology (3) Analysis of the major theoretical approaches and research findings of contemporary social psychology.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: SOC 003

SOC 404
Social Influence and Small Groups (3) The study of social influence, leadership and status, and social cohesion and commitment processes in small groups.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: SOC 003 or PSYCH 420

SOC 405
Sociological Theory (3) Overview of the development of sociological theory; current issues and controversies.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: 3 credits in the Sociology

SOC 406 (CRIMJ 406, CRIM 406)
Sociology of Deviance (3) Theory and research concerning deviant behaviors and lifestyles viewed as significant departures from a group's normative expectations.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: SOC 012 SOC 013 or SOC 005 or permission of program

SOC 408
Urban Ecology (3) Spatial and temporal aspects of urban structure; urban growth, neighborhoods, racial and ethnic groups, mental illness; cross-cultural perspectives.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: 3 credits in sociology

SOC 409 (AF AM 409) (US)
Racial and Ethnic Inequality in America (3) The impact of inequality and discrimination on individual and group identity among various racial and ethnic groups.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Sociology

SOC 412 (CRIMJ 412, CRIM 412)
Crime, Social Control, and the Legal System (3) Legal and extralegal control; public opinion on crime; criminal justice and correctional processes; legal sanctions; control strategies. Field trip.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: SOC 012 SOC 013 or SOC 005

SOC 413 (CRIM 413, CRIMJ 413)
Advanced Criminological Theory (3) This course provides an in-depth look at theories of crime and examines influential empirical studies designed to these theories.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: SOC 012 CRIMJ 250W

SOC 414 (CRIMJ 414, CRIM 414)
Criminal Careers and the Organization of Crime (3) Research on and theory of criminal careers and crime organizations, emphasizing recruitment and disengagement; offender characteristics and life- styles; policy implications.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: SOC 012 SOC 013 or SOC 005

SOC 416 (EDTHP 416) (US)
Sociology of Education (3) The theoretical, conceptual, and descriptive contributions of sociology to education.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Sociology

SOC 419 (US)
Race and Public Policy (3) Seminar format course in which sociological theory and research are applied to current race policy issues.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Sociology

SOC 420 (EM SC 420, S T S 420)
Energy and Modern Society (3) Technology and economics of energy resources, production, and consumption; environmental factors, exhaustion, new technology.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Sociology

SOC 422
World Population Diversity (3) Survey of world diversity in national population growth/composition; the impacts of demographic change on the economic/social life of nations/people.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Sociology

SOC 423
Social Demography (3) Social demographic perspectives on fertility, mortality, morbidity, migration, population density, demographic transitions, social mobility, family, the aged, and minorities.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: SOC 023 or SOC 422

SOC 424
Social Change (3) Critical review of classical and recent theories of social change, emphasizing the transformations occurring in the modern world.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: 3 credits in sociology

SOC 424H
Social Change (3) Critical review of classical and recent theories of social change, emphasizing the transformations occurring in the modern world.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014
Prerequisite: 3 credits in sociology

SOC 428
Homelessness in America (3) Survey of social science research on homelessness in the contemporary United States.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Sociology

SOC 428H
Homelessness in America (3) Survey of social science research on homelessness in the contemporary United States.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Sociology

SOC 429
Social Stratification (3) Structure and dynamics of class, caste, and status systems; class differentials and social mobility; current theoretical and methodological issues.
Effective: Winter 1978
Prerequisite: 3 credits in sociology

SOC 430
Family in Cross-Cultural Perspective (3) Sociological analysis of family systems in various cultures and subcultures.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Sociology

SOC 431 (HD FS 431)
Family Disorganization: Stress Points in the Contemporary Family (3) Focuses on divorce, remarriage, incest, family violence as well as problems associated with family formation and parent-child relations.
Effective: Spring 1994
Prerequisite: 6 credits of human development and family studies psychology or sociology

SOC 432
Social Movements (3) Why and how people mobilize to promote or retard social change. Factors predicting success or failure of social movements.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: 3 credits in sociology

SOC 435 (HD FS 434)
Perspectives on Aging (3) An analysis of the demographic, social, and cultural factors affecting the aged population in American society.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Sociology

SOC 440 (HD FS 440)
Family Policy (3) An in-depth examination of family policy.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: 3 credits of SOC or HD FS

SOC 446
Political Sociology (3) Sociological analysis of types of political organization and their relations with other elements of social life.
Effective: Winter 1978
Prerequisite: 3 credits in sociology

SOC 447 (EDTHP 411) (US)
Ethnic Minorities and Schools in the United States (3) Analysis of the social and cultural factors which affect educational outcomes among minority pupils, especially Blacks, Hispanics, and Indians.
Effective: Fall 2015 Future: Fall 2015

SOC 454 (US)
The City in Postindustrial Society (3) Postindustrial social organization in the United States and Europe; consequences for metropolitan social stratification, community power, and environmental quality.
Effective: Spring 2006
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Sociology

SOC 455
Work and Occupations (3) Work and occupational life in modern society; work in the past, present, and future.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: 3 credits in sociology

SOC 456 (WMNST 456)
Gender, Occupations, and Professions (3) The role of gender in shaping contemporary North American patterns of employment, occupational roles, and statuses.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: WMNST 100 or 3 credits in Sociology

SOC 461 (RL ST 461) (US;IL)
Sociology of Religion (3) Contemporary religion in the global perspective: beliefs, structure, and function of major religious traditions, denominations, and cults.
Effective: Fall 2013
Prerequisite: 3 credits in sociology or religious studies

SOC 467 (CRIM 467, CRIMJ 467)
Law and Society (3) Law and society studies the social origins of law and legal systems; occupational careers, and decision-making of legal officials.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CRIMJ 100 or CRIMJ 113 or permission of program

SOC 470
Intermediate Social Statistics (4) Descriptive and inferential statistics in social research: central tendency and variation, normal distribution, measures of association, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing.
Effective: Fall 2001
Prerequisite: SOC 207

SOC 471
Qualitative Research Methods in Sociology (3) Theory, methods, and practice of qualitative data collection, including observation, participant observation, interviewing; supervised projects in natural settings.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Sociology

SOC 481H
Senior Honors Seminar in Sociology (1) Supervised experience in planning and writing the honors thesis.
Effective: Spring 1999
Prerequisite: sociology major senior standing and admission to the Schreyer Honors College

SOC 494
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994

SOC 494H
Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007

SOC 495
Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Spring 2000
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

SOC 496
Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983

SOC 497
Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983

SOC 497B
Spatial Inequality (3) This course will examine the vast array of spatial data that are available and explore how the different forms of spatial data can be integrated in research.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

SOC 497C
Gender and Health Over the Life Course (3) Ths course surveys the health of men and women over the life course-from birth to old age-and how and why many important health issues impact males and females differently.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

SOC 497D
Health, Disease, and Society (3) This course focuses on health and disease by variation of age, gender, race/ethnicity, disability status, socioeconomic status and neighborhood and community.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

SOC 497H
Social Network Analysis (3) Learn to understand, analyze, and graph social networks (ties connecting people, organizations, countries). Apply skills to network data you collect.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

SOC 499 (IL)
Foreign Study--Sociology (2-6) Study, in selected foreign countries, of groups, institutions, and social problems.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: 3 credits in Sociology

WMNST 001S (GS;US;IL)
Introduction to Women's Studies (3) Interdisciplinary consideration of the scholarly theories and research pertaining to women's experiences and women's status in contemporary American society.
Effective: Fall 2009

WMNST 100 (GS;US;IL)
Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies (3) Interdisciplinary consideration of the scholarly theories and research pertaining to women's experiences and women's status in contemporary American society.
Effective: Spring 2013

WMNST 100U (GS;US;IL)
Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies (3) Interdisciplinary consideration of the scholarly theories and research pertaining to women's experiences and women's status in contemporary American society.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

WMNST 100U (GS;US;IL)
Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies (3) Interdisciplinary consideration of the scholarly theories and research pertaining to women's experiences and women's status in contemporary American society.
Effective: Spring 2015 Ending: Spring 2015Future: Spring 2015

WMNST 103 (AF AM 103, SOC 103) (US)
Racism and Sexism (3) Critical analysis of the structure of race and gender inequality in the contemporary United States.
Effective: Spring 2013

WMNST 110 (SOC 110) (GS;US)
Sociology of Gender (3) Changing sex role expectations and behavior for men and women in contemporary society.
Effective: Summer 2005

WMNST 116 (HIST 116) (GS;US;IL)
Family and Sex Roles in Modern History (3) Historical perspectives on the Western family since 1500: gender roles, marriage, sexuality, child rearing, and old age; emphasis on United States.
Effective: Spring 2006

WMNST 136 (LER 136) (US)
Race, Gender, and Employment (3) Employment relations and legislative and policy responses to labor force issues of racial and gender inequality.
Effective: Spring 2008

WMNST 136U (LER 136U) (US)
Race, Gender, and Employment (3) Employment relations and legislative and policy responses to labor force issues of racial and gender inequality.
Effective: Fall 2014 Ending: Fall 2014

WMNST 157 (S T S 157) (US)
Science, Technology, and Gender (3) The role of women and gender in science, technology, and engineering.
Effective: Fall 2011

WMNST 200 (GS;IL)
Global Feminisms (3) This course examines the diverse contents and forms of "feminism" worldwide, emphasizing women's engagement with unequal, unjust, impacts of globalization.
Effective: Summer 2012

WMNST 202 (AFR 202) (GS;IL)
Gender Dynamics in Africa (3) Critical analysis of multidisciplinary research on relations between men and women in Africa and critique of Western feminist theories.
Effective: Fall 2012

WMNST 205 (COMM 205) (US)
Women, Minorities, and the Media (3) Analysis of historical, economic, legal, political, and social implications of the relationship between women, minorities, and the mass media.
Effective: Summer 2005 Ending: Fall 2014

WMNST 205 (COMM 205) (GS;US)
Gender, Diversity and the Media (3) Explores the relationship between media and society through critical analysis of its role in social reality.
Effective: Spring 2015 Future: Spring 2015

WMNST 426Y (GEOG 426Y) (US;IL)
Gender Geographies (3) Description and explanation of the links between gender relations and spatial structures; gender and work, social services, and neighborhood activism.
Effective: Fall 2013
Prerequisite: GEOG 020 GEOG 126 GEOG 120 WMNST 100

WMNST 428 (PL SC 428) (US;IL)
Gender and Politics (3) Gender in politics in the United States and around the world; major areas of women and politics research.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 3 credits in political science or women's studies

WMNST 456 (SOC 456)
Gender, Occupations, and Professions (3) The role of gender in shaping contemporary North American patterns of employment, occupational roles, and statuses.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: WMNST 100 or 3 credits in Sociology

WMNST 471 (PSYCH 479) (US)
The Psychology of Gender (3) Theories and research on gender differences and gender roles. Emphasis on women's and men's current positions in society.
Effective: Spring 2007
Prerequisite: PSYCH 100 PSYCH 221

WMNST 472 (LER 472)
Work-Life Practices and Policies (3) Explore the causes and consequences of conflicts between work, family, and other life commitments, and how these may be resolved.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: 3 credits of LER