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University Bulletin
Undergraduate Degree Programs

Penn State Abington

Begin Date: Summer 2014
End Date: Fall 2017

Entrepreneurship and Innovation Minor  

Intercollege Program (ENTI)
Penn State Abington - Gary Calore (
Penn State Berks - Dr. Sadan Kulturel-Konak (
University Park - Dr. Anne Hoag (
University College - Lehigh Valley - Denis Ogden (

Skills attributed to entrepreneurial behavior and innovative thinking are beneficial for students in most if not all majors, and are critical to career success in established companies and new organizations to address pressing needs around the globe. This interdisciplinary minor uses problem-based learning pedagogy to prepare students to create value and be agents of positive change in their discipline and their careers. The courses develop skills in problem solving, opportunity recognition, self-efficacy, leadership, communications and learning from failure.   To meet the students’ broad range of entrepreneurship and innovation interests, core courses (9 credits) establish foundational knowledge, and then students select a concentration cluster aligned to specific contexts such as entrepreneurship in food, technology, art, journalism, or internet. Students who complete the ENTI minor will be better prepared to be innovation leaders in their chosen career path, such as being entrepreneurial in an existing company (intrapreneurship), engaging in a start-up venture full or part-time, finding avenues to leverage their art or craft, or creating alliances to meet social or business needs.

Advising for students in this minor and approval of curriculum exceptions will be available through the Entrepreneurship and Innovation (ENTI) Adviser for each cluster.

Arts Cluster [College of Arts and Architecture]
This specialization prepares students for entrepreneurial action in an arts context. To "entrepreneur" in the arts, one must understand aesthetic value and what drives people to consume aesthetic products. By learning how various arts markets view and consume art, emerging arts entrepreneurs envision "products" with specific markets in mind and craft marketing strategies to communicate aesthetic value to audiences. Upon learning how the non-profit and for-profit arts ecologies operate, students envision and develop their arts career and venture within the context, tying together the aesthetic and cultural value of their art form with the business acumen necessary to launch and sustain an entrepreneurial arts enterprise.

Digital Entrepreneurship and Innovation Cluster [College of Information Sciences and Technology]
This specialization prepares a student to harness digital technologies and digital business models to develop their own concepts into commercial concerns or to contribute to the innovation activities of existing organizations (i.e., intrapreneurship). The IST Digital Entrepreneurship & Innovation cluster focuses on the impact of Information Technology (IT)-driven innovation across multiple industry sectors including for-profit, non-profit and governmental organizations. IT-driven innovation has created new business opportunities for both entrepreneurs and intrapreneurs and is key to increasing efficiencies and expanding the linkage between user-centric products and services. Students who complete this cluster will gain a foundational understanding of emerging information technologies, the components of digital business models, and implementation and design techniques that meet or exceed user-centric requirements.

Food and Bio-innovation Cluster [College of Agricultural Sciences ]
This specialization will develop future entrepreneurs and innovators to address opportunities and challenges in the agriculture and life sciences space. The cluster focuses on the cornerstone challenge for agriculture: producing food for the world with entrepreneurial activity and innovation to develop, convert and use biological materials and natural resources (plants, animals, ecosystems and organisms, etc.) to meet the material and energy needs of society.  Students are encouraged to take a series of courses in the cluster that complement their personal venture interests and engage in a series of immersive venturing experiences that can range from creating new ventures to mentoring with seasoned entrepreneurs or working within entrepreneurial organizations.

Hospitality Management Cluster [College of Health and Human Development]
This specialization prepares a student to create and develop novel but sound entrepreneurial concepts related to the hospitality industry in such businesses as lodging and food service. For example, through this cluster, students could develop and refine entrepreneurial concepts related to hotels, motels, bed & breakfasts, quick-service restaurants, upscale restaurants, mobile dining such as food trucks, on-line travel agencies, and other on-line ventures. The minor is also designed to prepare students to be innovators within existing organizations. Students who complete this cluster develop skills in creating business plans, feasibility studies, competitive analysis, supply and demand analysis, market analysis and financial forecasting. Students in this concentration are expected to include a mix of majors, not only students majoring in hospitality management.

New Media Cluster [College of Communications]
This specialization examines opportunities and challenges in the creation and distribution of news, entertainment and information. The same technological innovations that make it easy to start a media enterprise have introduced a host of editorial and business complexities. Media production and distribution skills and knowledge of media business, technologies, law and ethics are critical.

New Ventures Cluster [Smeal College of Business]
This specialization helps students develop the skills and ways of thinking required to create, develop, innovate and manage entrepreneurial companies. Students learn about acquiring and balancing limited resources, changing business direction quickly, building a coherent team, managing intellectual property, and creating new markets. This cluster develops a wide range of managerial skills not usually demanded in one person within a larger organization.

Social Entrepreneurship Cluster [College of Engineering]
This specialization focuses on creating sustainable social impact within marginalized communities. The cluster grounds students in social business, user-centered design for extreme affordability, systems thinking and scholarly research to develop innovative and appropriate technology-based solutions to address compelling global challenges. Travel and fieldwork in which students work in multidisciplinary teams to research, design, test, and commercialize ventures are required.

Technology Based Entrepreneurship Cluster [College of Engineering]
This specialization develops skills and knowledge through a practical entrepreneurial experience in a technology based environment.  Technology and engineering design topics form the practical content of the cluster.  General entrepreneurial business topics and tracking current and emerging technologies provide additional foundation structure for this cluster. Students understand and apply fundamental engineering design skills, product feasibility analysis and marketing techniques to move innovative products toward commercialization.

A grade of C or better is required for all courses in the minor.

Scheduling Recommendation by Semester Standing is given as (Sem:1-2)

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR: 18-19 credits, depending on cluster

MGMT 215(3) (Sem: 1-5)
ENGR 310(3) (Sem: 2-6)
ENGR/IST/MGMT 425(3) (Sem: 4-8)

Select 9 or more credits from one of the following clusters.
Students may not use a required course from their major in their chosen cluster. Other courses, such as technical electives, out-of-college electives, and general education courses may be able to be used to meet requirements in major as well as the ENTI Minor.   In all clusters, students may substitute up to 3 credits of research topics, internship or independent studies courses focused on relevant entrepreneurship or innovation topics in consultation with an adviser. Each cluster is structured to provide a clear course “path” so any student from any major can complete the cluster and therefore the ENTI minor.

Arts Cluster
Required courses: AA 322(3), AA 323(3), AA 324(1) in sequence or concurrent, and AA 424(3) (Sem: 1-8)

Digital Entrepreneurship and Innovation Cluster
Required courses:
 IST 237(3), IST 337(3), and IST 437(3). (IST 237 is prerequisite for IST 437) (Sem:1-8)

Food and Bio-innovation Cluster
Select up to 6 credits of the following 200-300 courses in the College of Agricultural Sciences: ASM 391(2), ASM 392(2), AEE 201(3), AGBM 200(3), AGBM 220(3), AGBM 302(3), AGBM 308(3), AGBM 338(3), ANSC 207(2), ANSC 306(3), ANSC 308(4), ANSC 309(4), ANSC 310(3), ANSC 311(3), ANSC 324(3), ANSC 327(3), ANSC 350(2), CED 375(3), ERM 300(3), FDSC 200(3), FDSC 206(3), FOR 201(3), HORT 250(3) (Sem:1-8)
Select at least 3 credits of the following 400 level courses in the College of Agricultural Sciences:
AGBM 407(3), AGBM 408(3), AGBM 440(3), AGBM 460(3), ANSC 410(4), ANSC 429(3), ANSC 450(3), CED 417(3), ERM 411(3), ERM 412(3), ERM 413(3), FDSC 411(2), FDSC 417(2), FDSC 430(3), FOR 440(3), HORT 410(3), HORT 450(3), HORT 453(3), HORT 455(3), RSOC 452(3), TURF 436(3), WP 416(3) (Sem:1-8)

Hospitality Management Cluster
Select 3 credits from HM 482(3) or HM 484(3) (Sem: 1-8)
Select 6 credits from the following: HM 413(3), HM 432(3), HM 483(3), HM 496(3) (Sem:1-8)

New Media Cluster
Select 9 credits from the following area. The course marked with * must be selected.  COMM 271(3)*, COMM 461(3), COMM 481(3), COMM 483(3), COMM 484(3), COMM 490(3), COMM 491(3), COMM 492(3), COMM 493(3) (Sem:1-8)

New Ventures Cluster
Select 9-10 credits from the following area.
(students may only count one of the following course options BA 241 and BA 242; BA 243, BLAW 243, or BLAW 341 towards the minor): BA 250(3), BA 241(2) and BA 242(2), BA 243(4), BLAW 243(3), BLAW 341(3), MGMT 420(3), MGMT 426(3), MGMT 427(3) (Sem:1-8)

Social Entrepreneurship Cluster
Required courses to be taken in the following order: ENGR 451(3), EDSGN 452(2) and EDSGN 453(1) concurrent, EDSGN 454(0.5), and ENGR 455(3) (Sem:1-8)

Technology Based Entrepreneurship Cluster
Required courses: ENGR 411(3), ENGR 407(3) in sequence or concurrent, and ENGR 415(3) (Sem:1-8)

Last Revised by the Department: Spring Semester 2014

Blue Sheet Item #: 44-01-089

Review Date: 09/15/2015


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