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University Bulletin

Undergraduate Degree Programs

PHYS 001
(GN)
**The Science of Physics ** (3) Historical development and significance of major concepts, with emphasis on the nature of physics and its role in modern life. (For students in non-mathematical fields.)

Effective: Fall 2004

PHYS 010
(GN)
**Physics Behind the Headlines ** (3) Select topics in modern physics with emphasis on understanding science related articles in the news (For students in non-mathematical fields.)

Effective: Summer 2013

PHYS 097
**Special Topics** (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.

Effective: Spring 1994

PHYS 114
(SCIED 114)
**Sound and Light for Educators ** (4) Waves, sound, and light concepts highlighted by evidence-based explanations and scientific discourse in preparation for K-6 science teaching.

Effective: Spring 2016

PHYS 150
(GN)
**Technical Physics I ** (3) Elementary treatment of topics in mechanics, heat, wave motion, and sound leading toward an understanding of technical applications.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
1 1/2 units of algebra. Prerequisite or concurrent:MATH 021 orMATH 081

PHYS 150L
(GN)
**Technical Physics I ** (3) Elementary treatment of topics in mechanics, heat, wave motion, and sound leading toward an understanding of technical applications.

Effective: Summer 1994

PHYS 150P
(GN)
**Technical Physics I ** (3) Elementary treatment of topics in mechanics, heat, wave motion, and sound leading toward an understanding of technical applications.

Effective: Summer 1994

PHYS 151
(GN)
**Technical Physics II ** (3) Elementary treatment of topics in electricity, light, and modern physics leading toward an understanding of technical applications.

Effective: Fall 2001

Prerequisite:
PHYS 150

PHYS 151L
(GN)
**Technical Physics II ** (3) Elementary treatment of topics in electricity, light, and modern physics leading toward an understanding of technical applications.

Effective: Fall 2001

Prerequisite:
PHYS 150

PHYS 151P
**Technical Physics II ** (3) Elementary treatment of topics in electricity, light, and modern physics leading toward an understanding of technical applications.

Effective: Fall 2001

Prerequisite:
PHYS 150

PHYS 197
**Special Topics** (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.

Effective: Spring 2007

PHYS 199
(IL)
**Foreign Studies ** (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.

Effective: Summer 2005

PHYS 211
(GN)
**General Physics: Mechanics ** (4) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of mechanics: motion, force, Newton's laws, energy, collisions, and rotation.

Effective: Fall 1999

Concurrent:
MATH 140

PHYS 211H
(GN)
**General Physics: Mechanics ** (4) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of mechanics: motion, force, Newton's laws, energy, collisions, rotation, and oscillations.

Effective: Spring 2012

Concurrent:
MATH 140

PHYS 211L
(GN)
**General Physics: Mechanics ** (0-4) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of mechanics: motion, force, Newton's laws, energy, collisions, and rotation. NOTE: UP offers for 0 credits; Altoona offers for 4 credits.

Effective: Fall 2000

Concurrent:
MATH 140

PHYS 211P
**General Physics: Mechanics ** (0) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of mechanics: motion, force, Newton's laws, energy, collisions, and rotation.

Effective: Spring 1999

Concurrent:
MATH 140

PHYS 211R
(GN)
**General Physics: Mechanics ** (4) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of mechanics: motion, force, Newton's laws, energy, collisions, and rotation.

Effective: Spring 1999

Concurrent:
MATH 140

PHYS 212
(GN)
**General Physics: Electricity and Magnetism ** (4) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of electricity and magnetism.

Effective: Fall 1999

Prerequisite:
MATH 140, PHYS 211
Concurrent:
MATH 141

PHYS 212H
(GN)
**General Physics: Electricity and Magnetism ** (4) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of electricity and magnetism.

Effective: Summer 2012

Prerequisite:
MATH 140, PHYS 211
Concurrent:
MATH 141

PHYS 212L
(GN)
**General Physics: Electricity and Magnetism ** (0-4) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of electricity and magnetism. NOTE: UP offers for 0 credits; Altoona offers for 4 credits.

Effective: Fall 2000

Prerequisite:
MATH 140, PHYS 211
Concurrent:
MATH 141

PHYS 212P
**General Physics: Electricity and Magnetism ** (0) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of electricity and magnetism.

Effective: Spring 1999

Prerequisite:
MATH 140, PHYS 211
Concurrent:
MATH 141

PHYS 212R
(GN)
**General Physics: Electricity and Magnetism ** (4) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of electricity and magnetism.

Effective: Spring 2000

Prerequisite:
MATH 140, PHYS 211
Concurrent:
MATH 141

PHYS 213
(GN)
**General Physics: Fluids and Thermal Physics ** (2) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of fluids and sound, heat, kinetic theory, and entropy.

Effective: Fall 1999

Prerequisite:
MATH 140, PHYS 211
Concurrent:
MATH 141

PHYS 213L
(GN)
**General Physics: Fluids and Thermal Physics ** (0) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of fluids and sound, heat, kinetic theory, and entropy.

Effective: Fall 1999

Prerequisite:
MATH 140, PHYS 211
Concurrent:
MATH 141

PHYS 213R
(GN)
**General Physics: Fluids and Thermal Physics ** (2) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of fluids and sound, heat, kinetic theory, and entropy.

Effective: Fall 1999

Prerequisite:
MATH 140, PHYS 211
Concurrent:
MATH 141

PHYS 214
(GN)
**General Physics: Wave Motion and Quantum Physics ** (2) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of wave motion, geometrical optics, interference phenomena, photons, wave mechanics, and the structure of matter.

Effective: Spring 2004

Prerequisite:
MATH 141, PHYS 211 andPHYS 212

PHYS 214L
(GN)
**General Physics: Wave Motion and Quantum Physics ** (0) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of wave motion, geometrical optics, interference phenomena, photons, wave mechanics, and the structure of matter.

Effective: Spring 2004

Prerequisite:
MATH 141, PHYS 211 andPHYS 212

PHYS 214R
(GN)
**General Physics: Wave Motion and Quantum Physics ** (2) Calculus-based study of the basic concepts of wave motion, geometrical optics, interference phenomena, photons, wave mechanics, and the structure of matter.

Effective: Spring 2004

Prerequisite:
MATH 141, PHYS 211 andPHYS 212

PHYS 230
**Introduction to Relativity ** (3) Introduction to special and general relativity including space-time diagrams and relativistic kinematics, length contraction, time dilation, equivalence principles, curved space and cosmology.

Effective: Summer 2006

Prerequisite:
PHYS 212, MATH 141 . Prerequisite or concurrent:MATH 220, MATH 230 orMATH 231

PHYS 237
**Introduction to Modern Physics ** (3) Relativity and quantum theory applied to selected topics in atomic, molecular, solid state, and nuclear physics.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
PHYS 212
Concurrent:
PHYS 214

PHYS 237H
**Introduction to Modern Physics ** (3) Relativity and quantum theory applied to selected topics in atomic, molecular, solid state, and nuclear physics.

Effective: Summer 2012

Prerequisite:
PHYS 212
Concurrent:
PHYS 214

PHYS 250
(GN)
**Introductory Physics I ** (4) Selected topics in mechanics, heat, and sound.

Effective: Fall 2002

Prerequisite:
MATH 022, MATH 026 ; orMATH 040 ; orMATH 041 or satisfactory performance on the mathematics proficiency examination

PHYS 250L
(GN)
**Introductory Physics I ** (0-4) Selected topics in mechanics, heat, and sound.

Effective: Spring 2010

Prerequisite:
MATH 022, MATH 026 ; orMATH 040 ; orMATH 041 or satisfactory performance on the mathematics proficiency examination

PHYS 250P
(GN)
**Introductory Physics I ** (0) Selected topics in mechanics, heat, and sound.

Effective: Fall 2002

Prerequisite:
MATH 022, MATH 026 ; orMATH 040 ; orMATH 041 or satisfactory performance on the mathematics proficiency examination

PHYS 250R
(GN)
**Introductory Physics I ** (4) Selected topics in mechanics, heat, and sound.

Effective: Fall 2002

Prerequisite:
MATH 022, MATH 026 ; orMATH 040 ; orMATH 041 or satisfactory performance on the mathematics proficiency examination

PHYS 251
(GN)
**Introductory Physics II ** (4) Selected topics in light, electricity, and magnetism.

Effective: Fall 2002

Prerequisite:
PHYS 250

PHYS 251L
(GN)
**Introductory Physics II ** (0-4) Selected topics in light, electricity, and magnetism.

Effective: Fall 2010

Prerequisite:
PHYS 250

PHYS 251P
(GN)
**Introductory Physics II ** (0) Selected topics in light, electricity, and magnetism.

Effective: Fall 2002

Prerequisite:
PHYS 250

PHYS 251R
(GN)
**Introductory Physics II ** (4) Selected topics in light, electricity, and magnetism.

Effective: Fall 2002

Prerequisite:
PHYS 250

PHYS 296
**Independent Studies** (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.

Effective: Fall 1983

PHYS 297
**Special Topics** (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.

Effective: Fall 1983

PHYS 397
**Special Topics** (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.

Effective: Spring 2007

PHYS 399
(IL)
**Foreign Studies ** (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.

Effective: Summer 2005

PHYS 400
**Intermediate Electricity and Magnetism ** (3-4) Electrostatics and magnetostatics in vacuum; electrical and magnetic properties of matter; electrodynamics, Maxwell's equations, conservation laws, electromagnetic waves and radiation.

Effective: Fall 2014

Prerequisite:
PHYS 212, PHYS 213 andPHYS 214;MATH 250 orMATH 251;MATH 231 orMATH 230

PHYS 402
**Electronics for Scientists ** (4) Circuit and network theory; active devices; amplifiers; introduction to digital electronics; noise theory.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
MATH 250 orMATH 251;PHYS 212, PHYS 213 andPHYS 214

PHYS 406
**Subatomic Physics** (3) Introductory treatment of elementary particles, fundamental strong and electroweak interactions, nuclear structure, accelerators, particle detection, nuclear astrophysics.

Effective: Spring 1995

Prerequisite:
PHYS 410

PHYS 410
**Introduction to Quantum Mechanics I** (3-4) Basic postulates; Schrodinger wave equation; stationary states; variational method; scattering in one dimension; orbital angular momentum; hydrogen atom; numerical methods.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
MATH 250 orMATH 251;MATH 230 orMATH 231;PHYS 237

PHYS 411
**Introduction to Quantum Mechanics II** (3) General theory of angular momentum; approximation methods; scattering theory; radiation theory; applications to atomic, molecular, condensed matter, nuclear and particle physics.

Effective: Spring 1994

Prerequisite:
PHYS 410

PHYS 412
**Solid State Physics I** (3) Crystal symmetry, x-ray structure analysis, lattice vibrations, thermal properties, free electron transport theory, elementary one-electron quantum theory of solids.

Effective: Fall 1986

Prerequisite:
MATH 230 orMATH 231
Concurrent:
PHYS 410

PHYS 413
**Solid State Physics II** (3) Quantum theory of electronic and optical properties of solids, semiconductors, dielectrics, magnetic properties, crystal imperfections, low- temperature effects, and superconductivity.

Effective: Fall 1986

Prerequisite:
PHYS 412

PHYS 414
**Solid State Physics** (3) Crystal structure; reciprocal lattice; X-ray diffraction; lattice vibrations; thermal properties; free electron gas model; energy bands; semiconductors; magnetism.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
MATH 230, PHYS 237

PHYS 419
(MATH 419)
**Theoretical Mechanics ** (3) Principles of Newtonian, Lagrangian, and Hamiltonian mechanics of particles with applications to vibrations, rotations, orbital motion, and collisions.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
MATH 230 orMATH 231;MATH 250 orMATH 251;PHYS 212, PHYS 213 andPHYS 214

PHYS 420
**Thermal Physics** (3) Basic postulates of statistical mechanics and thermodynamics, microscopic quantum states and macroscopic parameters; partition functions; Maxwell- Boltzmann and quantum statistics.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
MATH 230 orMATH 231;MATH 250 orMATH 251;PHYS 237

PHYS 421W
**Research Methods in Physics** (3) Methodology focusing on the theory of measurement and experiment design.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
PHYS 237

PHYS 444
**Topics in Contemporary Physics ** (2) Modern research topics and career opportunities in physics; employment, graduate education, and tailoring the physics curriculum to meet career goals.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
PHYS 237 and 3 credits of physics at the 400 level

PHYS 446
**The Year in Physics: A Seminar on the Latest Research** (1) Discussion recent research in physics.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
PHYS 211

PHYS 457
**Experimental Physics ** (1-3) Selected experiments in various fields of physics.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
PHYS 212, PHYS 213, PHYS 214 andPHYS 237

PHYS 457W
**Experimental Physics ** (3) Selected experiments in various fields in physics.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
PHYS 212, PHYS 213, PHYS 214 andPHYS 237

PHYS 458
**Intermediate Optics ** (4) Geometrical and physical optics: theory of lens systems, aberrations, apertures, interference, diffraction, polarization.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
PHYS 212, PHYS 213, PHYS 214;MATH 250 orMATH 251;MATH 230 orMATH 231

PHYS 461
(MATH 461)
**Theoretical Mechanics** (3) Continuation of Math.(Phys.) 419. Theoretical treatment of dynamics of a rigid body, theory of elasticity, aggregates of particles, wave motion, mechanics of fluids.

Effective: Fall 1986

Prerequisite:
MATH 419

PHYS 462
**Applications of Physics in Medicine ** (3) Applications of physics in human physiology and in instrumentation for medical diagnosis and treatment.

Effective: Summer 2002

Prerequisite:
PHYS 211, PHYS 212, PHYS 213 andPHYS 214 ; orPHYS 250, PHYS 251

PHYS 472
**Elements of Nuclear Physics and its Applications to Medical Imaging and Treatments ** (3) Introduction to the theory of nuclei, interactions with fast particles, and applications to medical imaging and radiation oncology.

Effective: Spring 2012

Prerequisite:
PHYS 211, PHYS 212, PHYS 213, PHYS 214 andPHYS 237

PHYS 479
(MATH 479)
**Special and General Relativity ** (3) Mathematical description, physical concepts, and experimental tests of special and general relativity.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
PHYS 237, PHYS 400, PHYS 419;MATH 250 orMATH 251;MATH 230 orMATH 231

PHYS 494
**Physics Research Project** (1-12) Investigation of an original research problem, including a literature search. Preparation of a formal thesis is optional.

Effective: Spring 2007

PHYS 494H
**Physics Research Project** (1-12) Investigation of an original research problem, including a literature search. Preparation of a formal thesis is optional.

Effective: Fall 2007

PHYS 495
**Internship** (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.

Effective: Spring 2007

Prerequisite:
prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

PHYS 496
**Independent Studies** (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.

Effective: Fall 1983

PHYS 496H
**Independent Studies** (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.

Effective: Spring 2012

PHYS 497
**Special Topics** (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.

Effective: Fall 1983

PHYS 499
(IL)
**Foreign Studies ** (1-12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.

Effective: Summer 2005

Last Import from UCM: September 16, 2017 3:00 AM

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