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University Bulletin
Undergraduate Degree Programs

These course descriptions are not being updated as of August 1, 2016. Current course descriptions are maintained in LionPATH.

Political Science (PL SC)

PL SC 001 (GS) Introduction to American National Government (3) Introduction to development and nature of American political culture, constitutional/structural arrangements, electoral/policy processes; sources of conflict and consensus.
Effective: Spring 2002
 

PL SC 002 American Public Policy (3) Examination of selected areas of public policy in America. Analysis of policy content, alternatives, and impact.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: PL SC 001  

PL SC 003 (GS;IL) Introduction to Comparative Politics (3) Introduction to study of comparative government and politics: normative/ empirical theories; government functions in modern societies; representative structures and processes.
Effective: Fall 2007
 

PL SC 003U (GS;IL) Introduction to Comparative Politics (3) Introduction to study of comparative government and politics: normative/ empirical theories; government functions in modern societies; representative structures and processes.
Effective: Summer 2012
 

PL SC 007 (GS) Contemporary Political Ideologies (3) Critical analysis of contemporary political ideologies such as liberalism, conservatism, socialism, anarchism, fascism, feminism, and environmentalism.
Effective: Fall 2004
 

PL SC 010 (GS) Scientific Study of Politics (3) This course introduces students to both the scientific study of politics and the way that study advances our understanding of political actors, events, processes, and institutions.
Effective: Summer 2015
 

PL SC 014 (GS;IL) International Relations (3) Characteristics of modern nation-states and forces governing their international relations; nationalism; imperialism; diplomacy; current problems of war and peace. Credit will not be given for both this course and INT U 200.
Effective: Fall 2007
 

PL SC 017 (GS) Introduction to Political Theory (3) Introduction to basic issues in political theory through analysis of selected major political thinkers.
Effective: Spring 2003
 

PL SC 017W (GS) Introduction to Political Theory (3) Introduction to basic issues in political theory through analysis of selected major political thinkers.
Effective: Spring 2001
 

PL SC 020 (GS;IL) Comparative Politics--Western Europe (3) Comparative analysis of political cultures, interest groups, parties, and decision-making processes in principal Western European political systems.
Effective: Fall 2007
 

PL SC 022 (GS;IL) Politics of the Developing Areas (3) The impact of colonialism, nationalism, and development policy on the political culture, structure, and transformation of post-colonial regimes.
Effective: Spring 2010
 

PL SC 060 (GS;IL) (ANTH 060, J ST 060, SOC 060) Society and Cultures in Modern Israel (3) An introduction to the society and cultures of the State of Israel from 1948 to the present.
Effective: Summer 2006
 

PL SC 083S (GS) First-Year Seminar in Political Science (3) Exploration of current topics of interest in political science, international relations, and/or political theory.
Effective: Summer 1999
 

PL SC 091 Introduction to Peace and Conflict Studies (3) Introduction to theory and practice concerning major contemporary issues of peace and conflict; includes anthropological, technological, psychological, and economic perspectives.
Effective: Spring 2013
 

PL SC 110 (GS;US) Rights in America (3) This course explores the historical and contemporary struggles of particular groups within American society to expand their rights.
Effective: Summer 2006
 

PL SC 111 (GH) Debating the Purpose of Government (3) Students will become acquainted with a variety of political theories and debate their usefulness in considering contemporary political controversies.
Effective: Summer 2012
 

PL SC 112 (GS) Ethics in Citizenship, Politics, and Government (3) An examination of choices we make as citizens, elected officials or people who carry out the work of government.
Effective: Summer 2013
 

PL SC 123 (GS;US;IL) Ethnic and Racial Politics (3) Political movements among United States ethnic and racial groups; government policies on race and ethnicity; comparison to other culturally diverse countries.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 orPL SC 003  

PL SC 125 Pennsylvania Government and Politics (3) Pennsylvania political processes; executive, legislative, judicial decision- making, and electoral behavior; selected public policies.
Effective: Fall 1984
 

PL SC 130 (GS;US) American Political Campaigns and Elections (3) Methods and strategies of American political campaigns: polls, political consultants, parties, and the media.
Effective: Fall 2007
 

PL SC 132 (GS;IL) The Politics of International Intolerance (3) Introductory course emphasizing psychological, historical, and political aspects of global intolerance towards minorities.
Effective: Fall 2007
 

PL SC 135 (GS) (S T S 135) The Politics of the Ecological Crisis (3) The political implications of the increasing scarcity of many of the world's resources.
Effective: Spring 2001
 

PL SC 137 United States Intelligence and Policy Making (3) The policy making process in the United States foreign intelligence and security policy; emphasis on the period following World War II.
Effective: Spring 2001
 

PL SC 140 (GS) Contemporary Controversies in International Relations (3) Contemporary issues of international security presented rigorously using analytical tools of international relations and political science.
Effective: Summer 2009
 

PL SC 155 Understanding Tyranny (3) Exploration of the rationales, methods, and consequences of highly repressive political regimes through novels, films, and memoirs.
Effective: Summer 1996
 

PL SC 177 (GS) Politics and Government in Washington DC (1-3) The course centers on a Spring Break trip to Washington DC, with students meeting on campus before and after the trip.
Effective: Fall 2007
 

PL SC 178 Organized Crime, Law, and Politics (3) This course will address laws, politics, and policies related to organized crime issues.
Effective: Spring 2014
 

PL SC 197 Special topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Spring 1995
 

PL SC 199 (IL) Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005
 

PL SC 294 Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994
 

PL SC 296 Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983
 

PL SC 297 Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983
 

PL SC 299 (IL) Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005
 

PL SC 300H Introduction to Independent Thesis Research (3) Introduction to research design, principles of social science research, and development on honors theses research proposal.
Effective: Fall 2008
 

PL SC 306H Senior Thesis Writing Workshop (1 per semester, maximum of 3) This seminar supports the writing and editing of senior honors theses.
Effective: Fall 2005
 

PL SC 308 Introduction to Political Research (3) Introduction to conceptualization, research design, and measurement in political research.
Effective: Fall 2009
Prerequisite: any 3 credits in Political Science  

PL SC 309 Quantitative Political Analysis (3) Data analysis and statistical applications in political research, including data processing; inferential statistics; contingency analysis; correlation and regression; multivariate analysis.
Effective: Fall 2009
Prerequisite: any 3 credits in political science  

PL SC 395 Internship (1-18) Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.
Effective: Summer 1996
Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor  

PL SC 397 Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject that may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 2007
 

PL SC 399 (IL) Foreign Studies (12) Courses offered in foreign countries by individual or group instruction.
Effective: Summer 2005
 

PL SC 403 The Legislative Process (3) Analysis of the policy process within the legislative system; the effects of environmental factors on policy alternatives and legislative decision making.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 orPL SC 003  

PL SC 404 Analyzing Public Policy in the American States (3) This course provides students with the tools to empirically evaluate policy proposals and outcomes in the American states.
Effective: Summer 2015
Prerequisite: PL SC 001, PL SC 309  

PL SC 405 The American Presidency (3) An examination of the selection methods for, and powers of, the American presidency, as well as other chief executives.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: PL SC 001  

PL SC 408 Democracy and Its Impacts (3) This course examines advances in democratization around the globe, and compares the performance of democratic and authoritarian governments.
Effective: Spring 2016
Prerequisite: PL SC 001;PL SC 003;PL SC 014 ; orPL SC 022  

PL SC 409 (CAS 409) Democratic Deliberation (3) Explores the theory and practice of democratic deliberation in elections, town meetings, juries, legislatures, and other public institutions.
Effective: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: CAS 137, CAS 175, CAS 201, CAS 202, CAS 216, CAS 250, CAS 272 orPL SC 001, PL SC 017, PL SC 112, PL SC 130  

PL SC 410 Strategy and Politics (3) This course examines political behavior using social choice theory and game theory.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: PL SC 001, PL SC 003 orPL SC 014  

PL SC 411W Principles of International Cooperation (3) An exploration of the forces that make conflict, or cooperation, more likely in international relations.
Effective: Summer 2006
Prerequisite: PL SC 014  

PL SC 412 International Political Economy (3) The transnational politics of trade, investment, aid, raw materials, and the environment; nation-states, multinational corporations, and the U.N.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: ECON 102, ECON 104, ECON 014, I B 303 orBUS 364  

PL SC 413 The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union (3) Background, organization, and operation of the Communist Party and the government of the Soviet Union.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: 3 credits from:PL SC 003, PL SC 014, PL SC 155 orRUS 100  

PL SC 415 International Organization: Political and Security Functions (3) Theory and evolution of international organization; political and security functions of the United Nations and regional organizations.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: PL SC 014  

PL SC 417 American Local Government and Administration (3) Organization, powers, functions, and problems of American cities and metropolitan areas; modern trends and developments.
Effective: Winter 1978
Prerequisite: PL SC 001  

PL SC 418 International Relations Theory (3) A survey of traditional and contemporary conceptual frameworks and theoretical approaches for the analysis of international relations.
Effective: Winter 1978
Prerequisite: PL SC 014  

PL SC 418W International Relations Theory (3) A survey of traditional and contemporary conceptual frameworks and theoretical approaches for the analysis of international relations.
Effective: Spring 1999
Prerequisite: PL SC 014  

PL SC 419 The Bureaucratic State (3) Overview of structural, technological, decision-making, behavioral, and political subsystems of bureaucracy; emphasis on bureaucratic dynamics within larger environmental, interorganizational contexts.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001, PL SC 002 orPUBPL 304W  

PL SC 420 State Making (3) Students learn about how national states arise, expand the territory and population they control, and persist or fail.
Effective: Summer 2013
Prerequisite: PL SC 003 orPL SC 014  

PL SC 422 Comparative Urban Politics (3) Relationships between structure and evolution of city systems and patterns of political behavior.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 003, PL SC 020, PL SC 022 orPL SC 417  

PL SC 423 Post-Soviet Politics (3) Aspects of political transition and institutions of the fifteen Soviet successor republics; emphasis on Russia and republican confederation.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 003, PL SC 155 orRUS 100  

PL SC 424 Topics in Comparative Government and Institutions (3) Topics in the comparative analysis of representative contemporary Western and non-Western governmental institutions.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 3 credits fromPL SC 003, PL SC 020, PL SC 022  

PL SC 425 Government and Politics of the American States (3) Comparative analysis of political processes; executive, legislative, and judicial decision making and behavior; examination of systems functioning; selected public policies.
Effective: Winter 1978
Prerequisite: PL SC 001  

PL SC 426 Political Parties and Interest Groups (3) Interest group basis of American politics, analysis of party and group behavior in electoral politics and the policy process.
Effective: Fall 1983
Prerequisite: PL SC 001  

PL SC 427 Political Opinion (3) Nature and development of mass attitudes and opinions; political socialization; voting behavior; relation between opinions and public policy.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 001  

PL SC 428 (US;IL) (WMNST 428) Gender and Politics (3) Gender in politics in the United States and around the world; major areas of women and politics research.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: 3 credits in political science or women's studies  

PL SC 429 Analysis of Electoral Politics (3) The new politics, its technology, and the strategic perspectives that underlie it.
Effective: Spring 2016
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 andPL SC 309  

PL SC 430 Selected Works in the History of Political Theory (3) Detailed examination and analysis of a selected major work, thinker, or tradition in the history of political theory.
Effective: Spring 1998
Prerequisite: PL SC 017 orPL SC 007  

PL SC 430W Selected Works in the History of Political Theory (3) Detailed examination and analysis of a selected major work, thinker, or tradition in the history of political theory.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: PL SC 017 orPL SC 007  

PL SC 431 Ancient, Medieval, and Renaissance Political Theories (3) Political theories of Plato and Aristotle; selected Greek, Roman, medieval, and Renaissance theorists through Machiavelli.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: PL SC 017 orPL SC 007  

PL SC 432 Modern and Contemporary Political Theories (3) Political theories of the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries, including Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Marx, Mill, Mosca, Weber, and selected theorists.
Effective: Spring 2003
Prerequisite: PL SC 017 orPL SC 007  

PL SC 433 Political Foundations of the Early American Republic (3) The course introduces students to the major political and philosophical movements that influenced the founders of the early American republic.
Effective: Summer 2008
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 orHIST 020 orPL SC 017  

PL SC 434 (IL) (AFR 434) War and Development in Africa (3) This course will examine the relationship between war and development in sub-Saharan Africa in the post colonial era.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: PL SC 014, PL SC 003, AFR 110  

PL SC 435 Foundations of American Political Theory (3) Political theories of colonial, revolutionary, and constitutional periods presented through works of selected thinkers and analysis of particular political problems.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 001, PL SC 017 orPL SC 007  

PL SC 435W Foundations of American Political Theory (3) Political theories of the revolutionary and constitutional periods presented through works of selected political thinkers and political issues.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 001, PL SC 017 orPL SC 007  

PL SC 436 Civil Wars (3) This course examines factors influencing the onset, duration, severity, termination, recurrence, and consequences of civil wars around the world.
Effective: Spring 2012
Prerequisite: PL SC 003 orPL SC 014  

PL SC 437 War in World Politics (3) Causes, resolution, and consequences of crises and wars; testing theories of conflict using both case and statistical studies.
Effective: Summer 1997
Prerequisite: PL SC 014  

PL SC 438 National Security Policies (3) Impact of national security on U.S. government and foreign policy; roles and interaction of President, Congress, government agencies, interest groups.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 orPL SC 014  

PL SC 439 (CRIMJ 439) The Politics of Terrorism (3) Analysis of political terrorism as a violent alternative for peaceful change and traditional warfare in the nuclear age.
Effective: Spring 2008
Prerequisite: CRIMJ 100 orPL SC 014 or permission of program  

PL SC 440 (US;IL) (AFR 440, I B 440) Globalization and Its Implications (3) This course explores the socioeconomic implications of globalization.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: AF AM 100 orAFR 110 orPL SC 003 orPL SC 014 orPL SC 020 orPL SC 022  

PL SC 442 American Foreign Policy (3) Principles of American foreign policy; processes of policy formulation; roles of the President, Congress, the State Department, and other government agencies.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 014  

PL SC 443 (IL) (AFR 443) Ethnic Conflict in Africa (3) This course explores the various causes and impacts of ethnic conflicts in the African context.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: AF AM 100, AFR 110, PL SC 001, PL SC 003, PL SC 007, PL SC 014, PL SC 017, PL SC 020 orAFRAS 301  

PL SC 444 Government and the Economy (3) Interactions of governmental and economic activity in American life. Survey of governmental (national, state, local) promotional, regulatory, and ownership policies.
Effective: Winter 1978
Prerequisite: 3 credits in political science or economics  

PL SC 445Y (US) (AF AM 445Y, LER 445Y) Politics of Affirmative Action (3) Examines history, politics, and economics of the use of special programs to advance racial interests in the U.S.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: AAA S 100 level course andPL SC 001 orPL SC 007  

PL SC 446 Business and Government Relations (3) An examination of the interaction between business and government across different types of political systems.
Effective: Summer 2015
Prerequisite: PL SC 001;PL SC 003 ; orPL SC 014  

PL SC 447 Analysis of Public Opinion and Political Attitudes (3) This course engages students in the empirical study of public opinion.
Effective: Summer 2015
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 andPL SC 309  

PL SC 450H (J ST 450H) Genocide and Tyranny (3) This course focuses on the conceptualization and socio-political determinants of genocide and tyrannical regimes, with an emphasis on the Holocaust.
Effective: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: PL SC 003, PL SC 007 orPL SC 014 orHIST 121  

PL SC 451 The Politics of Human Rights (3) This course examines the politics of human rights and repression, focusing on the causes and consequences of state sponsored violence and human rights violations.
Effective: Summer 2015
Prerequisite: PL SC 001, PL SC 003 orPL SC 014  

PL SC 452 Government and Politics of Central Europe (3) Politics and society in the Communist Era, the revolutions of 1989, and problems of adjustment to democracy and market.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 003, PL SC 020, PL SC 022 orPL SC 155  

PL SC 453 (IL) Political Processes in Underdeveloped Systems (3) Comparative analysis of the political, social, and economic problems characteristic of underdeveloped systems.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 003, PL SC 020 orPL SC 022  

PL SC 454 (IL) (AFR 454) Government and Politics of Africa (3) Contemporary African politics, institutions, and ideologies; patterns of change, social forces, and nation building in selected African states.
Effective: Fall 2012
Prerequisite: 3 credits from:AFR 110, PL SC 003, PL SC 020 orPL SC 022  

PL SC 455 Governments and Politics of Western Europe (3) Comparative analysis of political and governmental structures of major West European nations; main functions and processes of such structures.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 003 orPL SC 020  

PL SC 456 Politics and Institutions of Latin-American Nations (3) Social forces and processes, governmental institutions, foreign policies of major states of Latin America.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: HIST 179, PL SC 003, PL SC 020 orPL SC 022  

PL SC 458 Government and Politics of East Asia (3) This course examines the political systems, institutions, and leadership of East Asian countries.
Effective: Fall 2016
Prerequisite: 3 credits fromPL SC 003, PL SC 020, PL SC 022  

PL SC 459 (IL) (AFR 459) Culture and World Politics (3) Role of culture in world politics.
Effective: Spring 2013
 

PL SC 460 (S T S 460) Science, Technology, and Public Policy (3) The all-pervasive importance of science and technology policy in modern societies and mechanisms and processes by which it is made.
Effective: Spring 1995
Prerequisite: 3 credits in natural sciences or engineering 3 credits in social and behavioral sciences  

PL SC 461 (IL) Politics of the European Union (3) This course introduces students to the history, institutions and politics of the European Union.
Effective: Spring 2011
Prerequisite: PL SC 003 orPL SC 020  

PL SC 462 Marxist and Socialist Political Theory (3) Analysis of major problems and key works in the Marxist and Socialist tradition; dialectical materialism, alienation, class warfare, etc.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 017, PL SC 007, PL SC 413 orPL SC 452  

PL SC 463 (IL) (ASIA 463) Government and Politics of China (3) This course will present an overview of modern Chinese politics since 1949.
Effective: Spring 2016
Prerequisite: PL SC 003, PL SC 014, PL SC 022 orASIA 100  

PL SC 464 (IL) (AFR 464) Extractive Industries in Africa (3) Socioeconomic and environmental impacts of extractive industries in Africa.
Effective: Fall 2015
Prerequisite: AFR 110 or at least one of the following:PL SC 003 orPL SC 014 orPL SC 022  

PL SC 465Y (IL) (ASIA 465Y) Democratization in Asia (3) A course which identifies components of democracy, such as definitions, measures, datasets, and the democratization process.
Effective: Spring 2016
Prerequisite: PL SC 003 orASIA 100  

PL SC 466 Political Psychology (3) An interdisciplinary investigation of the major topics and debates characterizing the subfield of political psychology.
Effective: Spring 2014
Prerequisite: PL SC 001, PL SC 003, PL SC 014 orPSYCH 100  

PL SC 467 International Relations of the Middle East (3) The international relations of the Middle East, stressing national security policies of regional and outside actors, and major contemporary conflicts.
Effective: Spring 1985
Prerequisite: PL SC 014 orHIST 181  

PL SC 468 Politics and the Media (3) An examination of how politics and public policy affect and are shaped by the news media, as a political institution, in America.
Effective: Spring 2015
Prerequisite: PL SC 001, PL SC 003, PL SC 022, PL SC 409, CAS 409, CAS 175, CAS 201, CAS 272, COMM 100 orCOMM 110  

PL SC 469 (IL) (ASIA 469) Government and Politics of South Asia (3) This course offers an overview of the politics of modern South Asia with specific focus on Afghanistan, India and Pakistan.
Effective: Summer 2014
Prerequisite: PL SC 003, PL SC 014, PL SC 022 orASIA 100  

PL SC 470W Legal Brief Writing (3) Writing of legal briefs as practiced in American courts.
Effective: Spring 1998
Prerequisite: PL SC 001  

PL SC 471 American Constitutional Law (3) The origins of judicial review, landmark decisions of the Supreme Court, and their impact on the American form of government.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001  

PL SC 472 The American Legal Process (3) Analysis of the roles, procedures, and policies characterizing the American legal system.
Effective: Spring 2001
Prerequisite: PL SC 001  

PL SC 473 American Judicial Behavior (3) Analyzes behavior of judges and other participants in the legal process; examines how and why courts function as policymaking bodies.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001  

PL SC 474 Civil Liberities and Due Process (3) Fundamental problems relating to civil liberities and due process.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001  

PL SC 476 Empirical Legal Studies (3) This course engages students in the empirical study of law and the courts.
Effective: Summer 2015
Prerequisite: PL SC 001 andPL SC 309  

PL SC 480W Congress and the Presidency (3) Basic characteristics and processes of the national legislature and executive; roles and interaction of these institutions in the policy process.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001  

PL SC 481 Global Political Economy (3) This course examines states, markets, power, production, and the relations between the various transnational agents who act in these areas. Students may not receive credit for PL SC 481 and PL SC 412.
Effective: Fall 2015
Prerequisite: PL SC 014 orINTST 100  

PL SC 482 American State and Urban Politics (3) Explores basic characteristics and processes of American state and urban politics; nature of intergovernmental relations involving these governmental levels.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001  

PL SC 484W The Foreign Policy of Soviet Successor States (3) Relations between Russia and The Newly Independent States (NIS); Russia's relations with selected foreign states and political Institutions; regional impact of the NIS in Baltic, Asian, and Central Asian areas.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 003  

PL SC 486 (IL) (HIST 489, ASIA 489) International Culture in East Asia (3) Study of the role of culture in East Asian regional and East-West international relations.
Effective: Summer 2013
Prerequisite: any one of the following:HIST 172, HIST 174, HIST 175, HIST 480, HIST 481, HIST 483, HIST 484, HIST 485, HIST 486  

PL SC 487 International Law and Organizations (3) Major topics and issues of international law with special attention to institutional arrangements (international organizations) through which that law operates.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 003 orPL SC 014  

PL SC 488 Comparative Public Policy (3) Comparative methodology and public policy implementation in postindustrial societies; selected case studies of policy output.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 003  

PL SC 489 Public Administration (3) A survey of the major approaches to the management of most governmental agencies.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001  

PL SC 490 Policy Making and Evaluation (3) Advanced analysis of public policy, emphasizing policy evaluation and the factors that determine policy success and failure.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: PL SC 001, PL SC 002 orPUBPL 304W  

PL SC 491 Peace and Conflict Studies Seminar (3) Advanced study of major contemporary issues of peace and conflict; includes anthropological, technological, psychological, and economic perspectives.
Effective: Spring 2013
Prerequisite: PL SC 014, PL SC 091  

PL SC 494 Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Summer 1994
 

PL SC 494H Research Project (1-12) Supervised student activities on research projects identified on an individual or small-group basis.
Effective: Fall 2007
 

PL SC 495 Political Science Internship (1-6) Combining experience in government offices, related agencies, or law firms, with appropriate readings and a research paper/report.
Effective: Fall 2007
Prerequisite: prior consent of supervisor adviser or department head; applicable departmental internship requirements such as satisfactory completion of required 300- or 400-level courses appropriate for the internship program selected  

PL SC 496 Independent Studies (1-18) Creative projects, including research and design, which are supervised on an individual basis and which fall outside the scope of formal courses.
Effective: Fall 1983
 

PL SC 497 Special Topics (1-9) Formal courses given infrequently to explore, in depth, a comparatively narrow subject which may be topical or of special interest.
Effective: Fall 1983
 

PL SC 499 (IL) Foreign Study--Government (1-12) Study, in selected foreign countries, of political institutions.
Effective: Summer 2005
Prerequisite: PL SC 003 3 credits in economics history political science or sociology  

Last Import from UCM: September 23, 2017 3:00 AM

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