This course provides a foundational overview of evidence-based practice (EBP) in the health sciences, which includes an overview of the seven steps of the EBP process. Conceptual models that demystify the process of translating research into clinical practice will be presented; furthermore, common misconceptions of EBP will be explored. Students will be exposed to organizational cultures that foster a spirit of inquiry, and contemporary attitudes to identifying sources of evidence to be considered in answering a focused clinical (or researchable) question. An emphasis will be placed on developing core competencies in the gathering, and scrutiny of information to draw conclusions that are based on robust, inclusive, and meaningful evidence. Additional focus will consist of cultivating skill with implementing EBP in a manner that best fits the context of care/intervention, aligns with targeted goals, addresses priority problems as well as guides a systematic, and evaluative approach to collaborative practice change. Determinants of an EBP environment, and factors that lend to its sustainability or demise will also be discussed. Leveraging population health initiatives as a mechanism to move from silos to synergy will be highlighted given evidence to suggest an interdisciplinary paradigm to problem-solving yields improved health care processes, and patient/client-centered outcomes.
This course provides a dedicated overview of athletic training using the most current Board of Certification Practice Analysis and Standards of Professional Practice as a framework for learning. Students will be exposed to regulatory determinants that govern athletic training as well as the cultural, ethical, psychosocial, and economical considerations that shape competent and compassionate health care. Factors related to maintaining contemporary expertise, meaningful professional development, and career advancement are also discussed. Emphasis is placed on fostering skill in information fluency/literacy to identify and appropriately use resources to guide safety and efficacy of services rendered. Content is structured to expand the student's knowledge base in health promotion and injury/illness prevention strategies as well as sharpen skills linked to basic evaluation and diagnosis, therapeutic interventions, and restoring or optimizing human performance.
Concurrent: ATHTR 801
This course provides an opportunity for students to become proficient in the knowledge and skills related to contemporary prehospital emergency medical care provided by athletic trainers. Students will develop skills to evaluate, manage, and make referral decisions for a spectrum of injuries and conditions in patients across a lifespan as part of a comprehensive medical system. Students will develop critical thinking and clinical decision-making techniques in provision of patient care.
Concurrents: ATHTR 800
This will be the first in a series of evaluation-based courses for the Master of Athletic Training degree program, and will cover key concepts of the evaluative process. Material covered in this course will be reinforced in more detail throughout the curricular progression. Content will focus on the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) as a basis for delivery, and communication of patient care. This will be the framework for integrating evaluation findings, and developing a plan of care including referral to the appropriate provider when indicated. This course will establish ethical standards of the profession that are congruent with clinical practice, which will be consistent throughout the curriculum. While the course will center on developing foundational musculoskeletal evaluation techniques, emphasis will also be placed on the management of patients with acute conditions that are life threatening or otherwise emergent. Students will learn to perform an evaluation that formulates a diagnosis, and plan of care for patients with health conditions commonly seen in athletic training practice. This evaluation includes the following: obtaining a medical history from the patient or other individual; identifying comorbidities and patients with complex medical conditions; selecting an appropriate outcomes measurement tool; observing function (including gait, posture and tissue appearance); performing strength and range of motion testing for the upper and lower quarters and the spine, and being able to select appropriate tests for individual scenarios; determining end-feel, and somatic responses associated with special tests that selectively examine the integrity of capsuloligamentous, and musculotendinous structures; performing a neurologic screening exam including dermatomes, myotomes, deep tendon reflexes and cranial nerve testing; understanding contemporary pain theory and how to assess pain in a patient scenario; analyzing functional tasks specific to the individual, sport/activity and body part or injury. This course will also include an overview of the tissue healing cascade following injury as well as inflammatory response, swelling and dysfunction in the context of the ICF model. The HSS and the business of healthcare elective is a two-week elective course designed to provide students an experience in analyzing health systems. It is particularly aimed at those interested in the administrative side of medicine. Students will be exposed to topics such as hospital functionality, operational efficiency, health system expansion and the vulnerabilities of health systems as shown by the COVID 19 pandemic. Part of the elective will be spent engaging in activities that immerse the student in day-to-day financial and business decisions, and performing written assignments evaluating how health care systems are adapting and evolving their financial and policy infrastructures. Course material will be presented in the form of didactic and active learning sessions.
This course will focus on the etiology, evaluation and rehabilitation of injuries to the lower extremities typically encountered by physically active individuals. Injuries to the lower extremities from the hip to the foot will be covered. Evaluation techniques along with manual therapy and exercise interventions will be explored. Appropriate use of devices, braces and taping as they apply to rehabilitation will be discussed. Both isolated and integrated function of lower extremity joints and related tissues will be emphasized.
This course will focus on the etiology, evaluation and rehabilitation of injuries to the upper extremities typically encountered by physically active individuals. Injuries to the upper extremities from the shoulder to the hand will be covered. Examination techniques along with manual therapy and exercise interventions will be explored. Appropriate use of devices, braces and taping as they apply to rehabilitation will be discussed. Both isolated and integrated function of upper extremity joints and related tissues will be emphasized.
This course provides the theoretical underpinnings that drive clinical applications of therapeutic interventions in health care and human performance restoration practice settings. Bridging the gap between concepts and applications will be a cornerstone of this course as a means to promote knowledge translation that lends to efficacious use in the care of patient/client populations. An evidence-based practice approach is emphasized to account for and effectively balance the influence of scientific data, clinician expertise, and patient/client values in the critical decision-making process, which adheres to ethical standards, and recognizes financial implications. In this structure, students will be presented with problem-based learning activities aimed at developing critical thinking abilities when operating in diverse practice settings. The basis of such activities will serve to nurture the efficient identification of viable solutions, and their prioritization given available resources, and constraints associated with various simulated clinical scenarios. Students will be exposed to a wide array of contemporary interventions with a focus on implementation in the management of acute, persistent, and chronic neuromusculoskeletal pathology as well as human performance restoration for the physically active. Acquisition of knowledge will be complemented with activities that build clinical skills that foster practitioner awareness for proper use, which promotes sound habits in operational procedures.
This course will focus on the etiology, evaluation and rehabilitation of injuries to the pelvic girdle, spine, thoracic cage and head typically encountered by physically active individuals. Evaluation techniques along with manual therapy and exercise interventions will be explored. Both isolated and integrated function of pelvic girdle, spine and thoracic cage and related tissues will be emphasized.
This reflects the third clinical education experience in the professional degree program. Students at this level build on the theory that underpins the psychomotor skills they were exposed to in preceding coursework. This is accomplished through patient/client encounters and applicable simulation learning activities that range from 20-to-30 hours per week (120-to-180 total hours for a six-week summer session). In addition to the supervised application of clinical techniques in real-world practice or simulated settings, students are provided with opportunities to advance their skills in the evaluation and treatment of neuromusculoskeletal injuries to the upper extremity and implementation of interventions for a broad spectrum of conditions encountered in the daily operation of a comprehensive sports health care enterprise. In this capacity, students enhance their proficiency in using evidence-based practice to guide selection of relevant health care and human performance restoration/optimization practices. Patient/client populations for this level are student-athletes participating in collegiate or secondary school sports. This course also provides students with exposure to the primary care of non-orthopaedic conditions and in the supervised application of practices with non-sport populations. Organized inter-professional education activities are designed to expand the scope of student awareness for criticality of interdisciplinary collaboration to prevent errors and improve patient experiences that yield efficient clinical outcomes.
This elective course offers students a broad array of potential clerkships that foster growth of professional knowledge, skills, attitude, and habits through direct patient/client care experiences, pedagogical, and/or research training opportunities. The engaged learning experiences that students may participate in are many and diverse. Students are assigned to a faculty member who provides direction in shaping objectives of the clerkship. Faculty will also be responsible for organizing individualized learning activities that contribute to the student achieving their identified goals for the experience. For clerkships that entail patient/client care, students will be assigned to a preceptor who supervises related duties. Students may also pursue pedagogical or research training opportunities to prepare them for a potential career as a clinician-educator or clinician-scientist through this clerkship. The course provides opportunities to augment critical thinking skills via deliberate active learning exercises, and hands-on activities. The role of the elective is to provide experiences that enrich and expand knowledge to help prepare students for choosing and succeeding in the professional practice setting or advanced training program of their choice.
Prerequisite: ATHTR 809
This represents the fourth clinical education experience in the professional degree program. Students at this level are challenged to progress their professional knowledge and skills through graduated supervised clerkship activities that allow for autonomous experiences needed to prepare them to make clinical decisions. In order to maximize such opportunities through patient/client interactions, students are exposed to learning exercises that are carefully structured to elevate their competence from novice to advanced beginner. Along with connecting theory to practice across a spectrum of clinical conditions, students are presented with activities that accentuate biomedical and ethical considerations in human performance and optimization interventions. Corresponding links to health care administration and professional responsibility are also emphasized to ensure fluency/literacy in this practice domain.
This final experiential learning course facilitates the graduating athletic training student's entry into the profession. Active learning centers on the ever-changing health care delivery system, human performance improvement industry, and the athletic trainer's evolving roles, responsibilities, and scope of practice within them. Legal, ethical, and socio-political considerations of the profession are also explored. Moreover, accountability for integrating sound quantitative evidence, and experience into clinical practice is stressed. Guidance in completing applications for the national board of certification exam and state credentialing to legally practice athletic training is provided.
Prerequisite: ATHTR 814; Concurrent: ATHTR 815 and ATHTR 817